List of Prime Ministers of India (1947-2021)
List of Indian Prime Ministers – In the scheme of parliamentary system of government provided by the constitution, the President is the nominal executive authority (de jure executive) and Prime Minister is the real executive authority (de facto executive).In other words, president is the head of the State while Prime Minister is the head of the government. Here, we discussed about the All Indian Prime Ministers List so that you can aware from the Indian Prime Ministers.Here you can download List of Prime Ministers of India (1947-2021).
If candidates are preparing for any kind of competitive exam are advised to learn these kinds of questions to boost their knowledge. As we know that the List of Prime Minister of India is one of the most important topic section for the UPSC and other government exams. Aspirants should know the Prime Minister of India because it is an important topic for Current affairs. Next Prime Minister elections are scheduled to be conducted in 2024.Indian present Prime Minister is Narendra Damodardas Modi.
Complete List of Prime Ministers of India
As per the Indian Constitution does not contain any specific procedure for the selection and appointment of the Prime Minister. Article 75 says only that the Prime Minister shall be appointed by the president.The President has to appoint the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha as the Prime Minister.
But, when no party has a clear majority in the Lok Sabha, In such a situation, the President usually appoints the leader of the largest party or coalition in the Lok Sabha as the Prime Minister.There is also one more situation when the president may have to exercise his individual judgement in the selection and appointment of the Prime Minister, that is, when the Prime Minister in office dies suddenly and there is no obvious successor.
List of Indian Prime Ministers – Important Questions
- The First Prime Minister was Jawaharlal Nehru of the Indian National Congress party, who was sworn in on 15 August 1947.
- The First Woman Prime Minister of India was Indira Gandhi.
- The First Youngest Prime Minister of India was Rajiv Gandhi.
- The Shortest tenure Prime Minister of India was Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
- The First Sikh Prime Minister of India was Manmohan Singh.
- The First Non-Congress Prime Minister (Serve Full Term) of India was Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
- The First Oldest person as a Prime Minister of India was Morarji Desai.
- The Longest tenure Prime Minister of India was Jawaharlal Nehru.
- The Current Prime Minister of India is Narendra Damodardas Modi.
- The First Non-Congress Longest Period Prime Minister of India is Narendra Damodardas Modi.
Prime Minister of India List
|Prime Minister Name||Period|
|Jawahar Lal Nehru||15th Aug 1947 to 27th May 1964|
|Gulzarilal Nanda||27th May 1964 to 9th June 1964|
|Lal Bahadur Shastri||9th June 1964 to 11th Jan 1966|
|Gulzarilal Nanda||11th Jan 1966 to 24th Jan 1966|
|Indira Gandhi||24th Jan 1966 to 24th March 1977|
|Morarji Desai||24th March 1977 to 28th July 1979|
|Charan Singh||28th July 1979 to 14th Jan 1980|
|Indira Gandhi||14th Jan 1980 to 31st Oct 1984|
|Rajiv Gandhi||31st Oct 1984 to 2nd Dec 1989|
|Vishwanath Pratap Singh||2nd Dec 1989 to 10th Nov 1990|
|Chandra Shekhar||10th Nov 1990 to 21st Jun 1991|
|P.V. Narasimha Rao||21st June 1991 to 16th May 1996|
|Atal Bihari Vajpayee||16th May 1996 to 1st June 1996|
|H.D. Deve Gowda||1st June 1996 to 21st April 1997|
|Inder Kumar Gujral||21st April 1997 to 19th March 1998|
|Atal Bihari Vajpayee||19th March 1998 to 22nd May 2004|
|Dr. Manmohan Singh||22nd May 2004 to 26th May 2014|
|Narendra Damodardas Modi||26th May 2014 to Incumbent|
First Prime Minister of India – Jawahar Lal Nehru (1947-1964)
The First Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru was the Longest serving Prime Minister of India (Till Date). He was elected Prime Minister of India in 1947 the position he served until his death in 1964.He was also known as Pandit Nehru due to his roots with the Kashmiri Pandit community, while Indian children knew him as better as Chacha Nehru.He was the father of Indira Gandhi the third Prime Minister of our nation. He was elected President of the Congress for the fourth time on July 6, 1946, and again for three more terms from 1951 to 1954.
Second Prime Minister of India- Lal Bahadur Shastri (1964-1966)
Lal Bahadur Shastri was an Indian politician who served as the Second Prime Minister of India.Relatively new to the high office, he led the country successfully through Indo-Pakistan War in 1965.He popularized the slogan ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’, recognizing the need for self-sustenance and self-reliance as the pillars to build a strong nation.Lal Bahadur Shastri, who had earlier suffered two heart attacks, died of a third cardiac arrest on 11 January, 1966. He is the only incumbent Indian Prime Minister to have died overseas. Lal Bahadur Shastri was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award posthumously in 1966.
Prime Minister of India – Gulzarilal Nanda (1964, 1966)
Gulzari Lal Nanda was the second Prime Minister of India for a brief stint following the death of Jawaharlal Nehru in 1964 and again in 1966 after the death of Lal Bahadur Sashtri. He was imprisoned during satyagraha in 1932. The Government of India honored Nanda with a Bharat Ratna award in 1997.
Prime Minister of India – Indira Gandhi (1966-1977, 1980-1984)
Indira Gandhi was India’s third prime minister, serving from 1966 until 1984, when her life ended in assassination. She was the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first prime minister. In 1964, she was appointed as a member of the Rajya Sabha and became a member of Lal Bahadur Shastri’s cabinet as Minister of Information and Broadcasting.She imposed the 1975 state emergency to suspend elections.On October 31, 1984, Indira Gandhi was assassinated outside her home by two of her trusted bodyguards, seeking retribution for the events at the temple.
Prime Minister of India – Morarji Desai (1977-1979)
Morarji Ranchhodji Desai was the 4th Prime Minister of India from 1977-79. He was the first Indian Prime Minister who did not belong to the Indian National Congress.He is the only Indian to receive the highest civilian awards from both India and Pakistan, the Bharat Ratna and Nishaan-e-Pakistan.In 1979, Raj Narain and Charan Singh pulled out of the Janata Party, forcing Desai to resign from office and retire from politics at the age of 83.
Prime Minister of India – Chaudhary Charan Singh (1979-80)
Chaudhary Charan Singh was the 5th Prime Minister of India and also 5th Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.Chaudhary Charan Singh was the only prime minister of India who did not face Parliament. Historians and people alike frequently refer to him as the ‘champion of India’s peasants.
Prime Minister of India – Rajiv Gandhi (1984-1989)
Rajiv Gandhi was the youngest Sixth Prime Minister of India and perhaps one of the youngest elected heads of Government in the world.He took office after the 1984 assassination of his mother, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Rajiv Gandhi was a professional pilot for Indian Airlines before entering politics. Congress lost the 1989 elections and Mr. Gandhi became the leader of the opposition.The National Front collapsed in early 1991 and elections were announced in May, 1991. He died in a tragic bomb blast on 21st May, 1991 at Sriperumbudur in Tamil Nadu.
Prime Minister of India – VP Singh (1989-1990)
V.P. Singh, in full Vishwanath Pratap Singh politician,the seventh prime minister of India and 12th Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.He was the Minister of Finance and Minister of Defence in Rajiv Gandhi Cabinet. Singh was the principal founder in 1988 of the Janata Dal (JD).The coalition was soon riven by disputes having to do with religious and caste issues, however, and Singh resigned on November 7, 1990, after receiving a vote of no confidence in the Lok Sabha.
Prime Minister of India – Chandra Shekhar (1990-1991)
Chandra Shekhar was the 8th Prime Minister of of India for Seven months. Shekhar was known for abiding by the parliamentary conventions and was honoured with the inaugural Outstanding Parliamentarian Award in 1995.Chandra Shekhar was a member of the Lok Sabha, India’s lower house of Parliament.He led Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya), (Socialist People’s Party (National).However, his government could not introduce a full budget because on March 6, 1991 Congress withdrew support during its formulation. As a result, Chandra Shekhar resigned the office of the prime minister on the same day.
Prime Minister of India – P. V. Narasimha Rao (1991-1996)
Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Raoa, (who was commonly known as P. V. Narasimha Rao, served as the 9th Prime Minister of India.He was the non-Hindi-speaking region and the first from Southern India.Rao, also called the “Father of Indian Economic Reforms,” is best remembered for launching India’s free market reforms that rescued the almost bankrupt nation from economic collapse.Rao was acquitted on all charges prior to his death in 2004 of a heart attack in New Delhi.
Prime Minister of India – HD Deve Gowda (1996-1997)
Haradanahalli Doddegowda Deve Gowda was the 11th Prime Minister of the Republic of India (1996–1997) and the 14th Chief Minister of the state of Karnataka.He became President of the state unit of Janata Dal in 1994.After his prime ministerial tenure, he continued his political career, joining the 14th, 15th, and 16th Lok Sabha, as Member of Parliament for the Hassan constituency of Karnataka. He presently is a Member of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha representing Karnataka.
Prime Minister of India – Inder Kumar Gujral (1997-1998)
Inder Kumar Gujral served as the 12th Prime Minister of the India. He was imprisoned for taking part in the Quit India movement. After independence, he joined the Indian National Congress party in 1964, and became a Member of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha.He was the Minister of Information and Broadcasting during the emergency.He retired from all political positions in 1998. He died in 2012 at the age of 92.
Prime Minister of India – Atal Bihari Vajpayee (1996, 1998-99, 1999-2004)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee, is an Indian statesman, who served three terms as the 10th Prime Minister of India After a brief stint as Prime Minister in 1996, Vajpayee headed a coalition government from March 19, 1998 until May 19, 2004.Although he resigned in 1979 when the government politically attacked the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), he had established his credentials as an experienced statesman and a respected political leader. During this tenure, he also became the first person to deliver a speech to the United Nations General Assembly in Hindi (in 1977), the “most unforgettable” moment in his life by his own admission.The Pokhran 2 nuclear tests in 1988 were held under his tenure. Born on Christmas Day, December 25, his birthday is marked in India as the Good Governance Day.He served as a Member of Parliament (MP) from Lucknow until 2009, and has since retired from active politics.Vajpayee was admitted to AIIMS in critical condition following a kidney infection.He was officially declared dead on 16 August 2018 at the age of 93.
Prime Minister of India – Manmohan Singh (2004-2014)
Dr. Manmohan Singh is the 13th Prime Minister of India. He is the first Indian Prime Minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to return to power after completing a full five-year term.He took the oath as the Prime Minister of India on 22 May 2004, becoming the first person of Sikh faith and the first non-Hindu to hold the office in predominantly Hindu-majority India..Earlier, during his tenure as the Finance Minister from 1991 to 1996, Singh was widely credited for carrying out economic reforms in India in 1991 which resulted in the end of the infamous Licence Raj system.
Prime Minister of India – Narendra Damodardas Modi (2014-Incumbent)
Narendra Damodardas Modi is an Indian politician serving as the 14th and current Prime Minister of India since 2014.He was the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014 and is the Member of Parliament for Varanasi.He is the first prime minister outside of the Indian National Congress to win two consecutive terms with a full majority and the second to completefive years in office after Atal Bihari Vajpayee.In 2016, a wax statue of Modi was unveiled at Madame Tussaud Wax Museum in London. In 2015 he was named one of Time’s “30 Most Influential People on the Internet” as the second-most-followed politician on Twitter and Facebook.
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