List of Presidents of India (1947-2020)
List of Indian Presidents – The President is the head of the Indian State. The president is referred to as the first citizen of India. All executive actions of the Government of India are formally taken on the name of President.The President has been made only a nominal executive, the real executive being the council of ministers headed by the Prime Minister.In other words, the President has to exercise his powers and functions with the aid and advise of the council of ministers headed by the Prime Minister.He is the supreme commander of the defense forces of India. Here is the List of all the 15th Presidents of India.Here, we discussed about the All Indian Presidents List so that you can aware from the Indian Presidents.Here you can download List of Presidents of India (1947-2020).
If candidates are preparing for any kind of competitive exam are advised to learn these kinds of questions to boost their knowledge.
As we know that the List of Presidents of India is one of the most important topic section for the UPSC and other government exams. Aspirants should know the President of India because it is an important topic for Current affairs.
The President is elected not directly by the people but by members of both houses of Parliaments, the legislative assemblies of the states and the legislative assemblies of the Union Territories of Delhi and Puducherry.
Next President elections are scheduled to be conducted in 2022.Indian Current President is Ram Nath Kovind.
The oath of office to the President is administered by the Chief Justice of India and in his absence, the senior most judge of the Supreme Court available. Salary of President of India is Rs.5 lakh per month. The President holds office for a term of five years from the date on which he enters upon his office.
List of Indian Presidents – Important Questions
- The First President of India was Dr Rajendra Prasad, who was sworn in on 26th January 1950.
- The First Woman President of India was Pratibha Patil.
- The First Youngest President of India was Neelam Sanjiva Reddy (at the age of 64).
- The Shortest tenure President of India was Zakir Husain.
- The First Oldest person as a President of India was Ramaswamy Venkataraman.
- The Longest tenure President of India was Rajendra Prasad.
- The First Sikh President of India was Giani Zail Singh.
- The First Dalit President of India was Kocheril Raman Narayanan.
- The First Muslim President of India was A.P.J. Abdul Kalam(Full Term).
- The Current President of India is Ram Nath Kovind.
Presidents of India List
|Dr. Rajendra Prasad||26th Jan 1950 to 13th May 1962|
|Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan||13th May 1962 to 13th May 1967|
|Dr Zakir Hussain||13th May 1967 to 3rd May 1969|
|Varahagiri Venkata Giri||3rd May 1969 to 20th July 1969|
|Mohammad Hidayatullah||20th July 1969 to 24th August 1969|
|Varahagiri Venkata Giri||24th August 1969 to 24th August 1974|
|Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed||24th August 1974 to 11th Feb 1977|
|Basappa Danappa Jatti||11th Feb 1977 to 25th July 1977|
|Neelam Sanjiva Reddy||25th July 1977 to 25th July 1982|
|Giani Zail Singh||25th July 1982 to 25th July 1987|
|Ramaswamy Venkataraman||25th July 1987 to 25th July 1992|
|Shankar Dayal Sharma||25th July 1992 to 25th July 1997|
|Kocheril Raman Narayanan||25th July 1997 to 25th July 2002|
|Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam||25th July 2002 to 25th July 2007|
|Pratibha Patil||25th July 2007 to 25th July 2012|
|Pranab Mukherjee||25th July 2012 to 25th July 2017|
|Shri Ram Nath Kovind||25th July 2017 to Incumbent|
First President of India – Dr Rajendra Prasad (1950-1962)
The First President of India, Dr Rajendra Prasad was the Longest serving President of India (Till Date).He was elected President of India in 1950.He was awarded the Bharat Ratna, the nation’s highest civilian award.He joined the Indian National Congress in 1911. He rose as one of the major leaders from the region of Bihar.A supporter of Mahatma Gandhi, Prasad was imprisoned by British authorities during the Salt Satyagraha of 1931 and the Quit India movement of 1942.
Second President of India- Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1962-1967)
Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was an Indian politician who served as the second President of India and first Vice-President of India. He had been actively involved in the newly incorporated UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization), serving on its Executive Board as well as leading the Indian delegation from 1946-1951. Radhakrishnan was appointed by then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru as Indian Ambassador to Moscow, a post he held until 1952. He retired from public life in 1967. He spent the last eight years of his life at the home he built in Mylapore, Madras. Radhakrishnan died on April 17, 1975.
President of India – Dr Zakir Husain (1967-1969)
Zakir Husain Khan was the Third President of India.He was the Jamia Millia Islamia vice-chancellor from 1926 to 1948.From 1956 to 1958, he was also part of the executive board of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).In 1957, Dr Husain was appointed as the Governor of Bihar and later elected as vice-president in 1962. Dr Husain held the President’s office from 1967 till his death on 3 May, 1969.
President of India – Mohammad Hidayatullah (20th July 1969 –24th August 1969)
He served as Acting President until the election of Giri as the President of India. Hidayatullah served as the Chief Justice of India and was also a recipient of the Order of the British Empire.The visit of President of the United States Richard Nixon to India made his Presidential term historic.
President of India – Varahagiri Venkata Giri (1969-1974)
V.V. Giri was India’s Fourth President, serving from 1969 to 1974. He was the first person to have served as both an acting president and president of India. He was the only Independent candidate to have been elected to the post of the President.He gave his assent to two revolutionary documents — the Shimla Agreement, a peace treaty signed between India and Pakistan, and the bank nationalisation Bill of 1969, which continues to shape the Indian economy even after five decades.He was a recipient of the Bharat Ratna, and served as Labour and Employment Minister and High Commissioner to Ceylon (Sri Lanka).
President of India – Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed (1974-1977)
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed was the 5th President of India from 1974-77. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi included him in her first cabinet in January 1966. He held a variety of portfolios—irrigation and power, education, industrial development, and agriculture.He was also the 2nd President of India to die in harness.He used his constitutional authority as head of state to allow him to rule by decree once the Emergency in India was proclaimed in 1975.
President of India – Basappa Danappa Jatti (Feb 1977- July 1977)
Jatti was the Vice President of India during Ahmed’s term of office, and was sworn in as Acting President upon Ahmed’s death.He earlier served as the Chief Minister for the State of Karnataka.
President of India – Neelam Sanjiva Reddy (1977-1982)
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy was the Sixth President of India and a member of the Janata Party, he was first nominated for the presidency in 1969 by the Congress Party.He was also the first chief minister of Andhra Pradesh, credited with the architecture and modernisation of the state.He is the only President who gave 70 per cent of his salary to support the poor in 1977.
President of India – Giani Zail Singh (1982-1987)
Giani Zail Singh was the Seventh President of India and First Sikh President of India.He was a politician with the Indian National Congress party, and had held several ministerial posts in the Union Cabinet, including that of Home Minister.His presidency was marked by Operation Blue Star, the assassination of Indira Gandhi, and the 1984 anti-Sikh riots.In March 1972, Singh assumed the position of Chief Minister of Punjab, and in 1980, he became Union Home Minister. He was also secretary general to Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) from 1983 to 1986.
President of India – Ramaswamy Venkataraman (1987-1992)
Ramaswamy Venkataraman was the 8th President of India and 7th Vice President of India.He was the Oldest person as a president of India. He was elected to the Lok Sabha four times and served as Union Finance Minister and Defence Minister. He was a member of the United Nations Administrative Tribunal from 1955 to 1979 and was its President from 1968 to 1979.
President of India – Shankar Dayal Sharma (1992-1997)
Shankar Dayal Sharma was served as the 9th President of India.He was also a Chief Minister of Bhopal State(Now Known as Madhya Pradesh) from (1952-1956).In 1972 he was elected president of the Congress Party and served in that position for two years. He was minister of communications (1974–77) in the Congress Party government led by Indira Gandhi. He was appointed governor of Andhra Pradesh (1984), Punjab (1985), and Maharashtra (1986).
President of India – Kocheril Raman Narayanan (1997-2002)
Kocheril Raman Narayanan was the 10th President of the Republic of India (1997–2002) and the 9th Vice President of India. He was the first Dalit and Malyali President to hold the position ever.The Dalit President has worked for the prestigious institutions named ‘The Hindu’ and ‘Times of India’.He served as the Vice-Chancellor of Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) in New Delhi. He won three successive general elections to the Lok Sabha in 1984, 1989 and 1991. President K. R. Narayanan addressed to the nation on the golden jubilee of the Indian Republic.
President of India – A. P. J. Abdul Kalam (2002-2007)
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam (Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam) as the 11th President of the India from 2002 to 2007.He was popularly known as “People’s President”.From 1992 to 1997 Kalam was scientific adviser to the defense minister, and he later served as principal scientific adviser (1999–2001) to the government with the rank of cabinet minister.His prominent role in the country’s 1998 nuclear weapons tests established Kalam as a national hero.Kalam wrote several books, including an autobiography, Wings of Fire (1999). Among his numerous awards were two of the country’s highest honours, the Padma Vibhushan (1990) and the Bharat Ratna (1997).While delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong, Kalam collapsed and died from an apparent cardiac arrest on 27 July 2015, aged 83.
President of India – Pratibha Patil (2007-2012)
Pratibha Patil was the First Woman to become the President (12th President) of India and also the First Female Governor of Rajasthan.In the 1991 elections for the 10th Lok Sabha, she was elected as a Member of Parliament representing the Amravati constituency.Pratibha Patil was noted for having spent more money on foreign trips, and having taken a greater number of foreign trips, than any previous president.
President of India – Pranab Mukherjee (2012-2017)
Pranab Mukherjee is the 13th President of India. Mukherjee first ran for public office in 1969, when he won a seat in the Rajya Sabha (upper house) of the Indian parliament as a member of the Bangla Congress.He held most of the major ministerial portfolios in the cabinet- Commerce (1993–95), External Affairs (1995–96 and 2006–09), Defense (2004–06), and finally back to finance (2009–12).He is the author of several books, including Beyond Survival- Emerging Dimensions of Indian Economy (1984) and Challenges Before the Nation (1993).
President of India – Ram Nath Kovind (2017-Incumbent)
Ram Nath Kovind is an Indian politician serving as the 14th and Current President of India since 2017.He was also the 26th Governor of Bihar from 2015 to 2017 and a Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha (Upper House) from 1994 to 2006. He was President of the BJP Dalit Morcha between 1998 and 2002 and President of the All-India Koli Samaj. He is the first leader from Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh to occupy the Office of President of India. Ram Nath Kovind received 65.65% of the valid votes, against former Speaker of the Lok Sabha – Meira Kumar, the presidential candidate of the Opposition who received 34.35% of the total votes.He is also the first BJP candidate to elected for the post of President.