Geography and Environment Questions:

Environment being the most asked questions subject in recent exams either it is UPSC Prelims or SSC and Bank exam.

Geography Questions also plays a very vital role in UPSC examinations. Questions asked in UPSC prelims or SSC are bit more conceptual then facts.

Geography and Environment Questions given below  are made scientifically to clear concepts and you can test your preparation too.

All the best aspirants.


Que-1. Consider the following statements about Ozone Layer

  1. A layer of 03 is spread like an invisible canopy over the earth’s atmosphere to a variable extent
  2. Highest concentration is found between 15-35 km in stratosphere
  3. It is also found in troposphere
  4. It helps in keeping troposphere warm and regulates the jet stream which is found at the lower part of the stratosphere.


            (a) 1, 2, 3 and 4                      (b) 1 and 4

            (c) 1, 2 and 4                           (d) 1, 3 and 4


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Que-2. Consider the following about Endosulfan

  1. It is classified as a yellow label (highly toxic) pesticide by the Central Insecticides Board.
  2. In the Stockholm, convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants of 2011, when an international consensus arose for the global ban of the pesticide, India stood against this move.
  3. In India, the use of Endosulfan is banned in the states of Kerala and Karnataka on the directives of the Supreme Court.

Which of the statements given above is/are true?

            (a) Only 3                     (b) 1 and 3

            (c) 1 and 2                  (d) All of these


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Que-3. Regarding “carbon credits” which one of the following statements is not correct?

         (a) The carbon credit system was ratified in conjunction with the Kyoto Protocol

          (b) Carbon credits are awarded to countries or groups that have reduced greenhouse gases below their emission quota

          (c) The goal of the carbon credit system is to limit the increase of carbon

         (d) Carbon credits are traded at a price fixed from time to time by the United Nations Environment Programme

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Que-4. Consider the following statements

  1. The international political response to climate change began with the adoption of the UNFCCC in 1997.
  2. The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) sets out a framework for action aimed at stabilizing atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases to avoid “dangerous anthropogenic interference” with the climate system.
  3. The UNFCCC entered into force in 1998, and now has 192 parties.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

            (a) 1, 2 and 3                        (b) 1 and 2

            (c) Only 2                            (d) Only 3


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Que-5. Consider the following statements

  1. The United Nation Conservation to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) is one of the Copenhagen Conventions that focuses on Desertification, Land Degradations and Drought (DLDD).
  2. ‘Desertification’ as defined in the UNCCD refers to land degradation in the dry lands (arid, semi-arid and dry- humid regions) resulting from various factors and does not connote spread of expansion of deserts.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

             (a) Only 1                     (b) Only 2

             (c) Both 1 and 2         (d) Neither 1 or 2


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Que-6. The effects of global warming are

  1. The sea level may rise.
  2. It will prevent the stirring up of the oceans.
  3. Fish population will migrate towards the Tropics.
  4. Precipitation will be frequent.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below.

             (a) 1, 2, 3 and 4          (b) 1 and 3

             (c) 1 and 4                  (d) 1, 2 and 4


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Que-7. Consider the following statements regarding ‘Kyoto Protocol’

  1. It is legally binding for Annex I countries.
  2. It emerged from the deliberations of COP-3 to the UNFCCC.
  3. The signatories have to reduce their individual Green House Gas emissions by 5.2% from 1990 level.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

             (a) Only 2                       (b) 1 and 2

             (c) 2 and 3                      (d) 1, 2 and 3


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Que-8. The ranking of countries as the highest per capita emitters of Carbon Dioxide in the world, takes into account their annual CO2 emission from

  1. Burning of fossil fuels.
  2. Cement manufacture.
  3. Land use such as deforestation.

 Select the correct answer using the Codes given below

             (a) Only 1                       (b) 1 and 2

             (c) 1 and 3                      (d) 1, 2 and 3


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Que-9. Consider the following statements 

  1. Tides are of great help in navigation and fishing.
  2. High tide enables big ships to enter or leave the harbor safely.
  3. Tide prevents siltation in the harbours.
  4. Kandla and Diamond Harbor are tidal ports.

Which of the statements given above are correct? 

             (a)   All of the above                           (b)  1, 2 and 3

            (c)  Both 2 and 3                                 (d)  None of these


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Que-10. Assertion  (A) Constant dredging is required to be done in the Kolkata Port.

                Reason (R) The rate of silting in the Hoogly River in very high.


            (a) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of A.

            (b) Both A and R are true, but R does not explains A

            (c) A is true, but R is false     

             (d)A is false, but R is true


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Que-11. Consider the following statements 

  1. The Grand Trunk Road (GT Road) travels in three South Asian countries-India Pakistan and Bangladesh.
  2. The stretch of the GT Road between Kolkata and Delhi is known as NH 2.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 

        (a)Only 1                                     (b) Only 2

        (c)  Both 2 and 3                        (d) Neither 1 nor 2


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Que-12. Consider the following statements 

  1. Kandla Port is situated at the head of Gulf of Khambhat.
  2. Paradeep Port is situated in the Mahanadi Delta.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below  

             (a) Only 1                                 (b)  Only 2

             (c)  Both 2 and 3                       (d)  Neither 1 nor 2


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Que-13. Consider the following statements:

            (i)  Westerly disturbances cause rainfall during winters in North-west India and in Northern India plains also.

            (ii)  North-east monsoon causes rainfall during summers in Tamil Nadu (eastern coast)

            (iii) Kotesh waram cell is formed due to Tibetan heating.

Which of the above statements are correct?

            (a) (i) & (ii)

            (b) (i) & (ii)

            (c) All of the above

            (d) None of the above


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Que-14. Consider the following statements:

          (i) Potential geo-thermal sites in India for energy purposes are: Surajkund  in Jharkhand and Tapovan, also in Jharkhand.

          (ii) This study has been done by the national Geo-physical Research Institute (NGRI).

Which of the above statement is /are correct?

            (a) Only (i)

            (b) Only (ii)

            (c) Both (i) and (ii)

            (d) Neither (i) nor (ii)


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Que-15. Consider the following statements:

(i) Temperature increases with increasing depth in the earth’s interior and its is also known as geo-Thermal gradient.

(ii) Temperature decreases with increasing altitude also, in the Troposphere and it is called Normal Lapse Rate.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?    

            (a) Only (i)

            (b) Only (ii)

            (c) Both (i) and (ii)

            (d) Neither (i) nor (ii)


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Geography and Environment Questions Answers Key:-

1.      A

2.      C

3.      D

4.      C

5.      B

6.      B

7.      B

8.      B

9.      A

10.  A

11.  C

12.  B

13.  B

14.  C

15.  C


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Thank you and all the best