Indian Polity Notes

Indian Polity Notes:

We have compiled Indian Polity notes very precisely by keeping the Exam previous year question papers and Syllabus. You should also study Indian Polity Notes other articles here:-

Making of constitution facts to rememberKnow all about preambleJudiciary and Tax system

Various constitutional bodies

All about governor and Parliament

Features of Indian constitution

Formation of different states

Remember schedules by trick


Fundamental Rights

Directive Principles of State Policy

Directive Principles of State Policy(DPSP) are ideal objectives that should state pursue.

  • In Part-4, from Article 36 to 51
  • DPSP gives resemblance to Instrument of Instruction of GOI Act, 1935
  • Not Justifiable i.e. in case of violation cannot reach to judiciary
  • Need legal Backing to implement
  • Borrowed from Ireland
  • Guidelines by constitution to states
  • Shows Economic and Social Justice

DPSP’s Classification:-imagecontroller

  • Socialistic
  • Gandhian
  • Liberal-Intellectual

Socialistic:- Socialistic DPSP’s are mirror to socialism Principle and i.e. based on welfare of society with masses and welfare of underprivileged.

Under this articles are:-

  • Article-38 :-Securing welfare of People
  • Article-39 :-Distribution of resources, equal pay for work(introduced by 42nd amendment 1976), Protection of childhood
  • Article-39 A:- Promotion of equal justice and to provide free legal aid to poor
  • Article-41 :-To secure right to work to education and to public assistance in cases of Unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement
  • Article-42 :- Maternity relief(increased)

Gandhian:- Gandhian Principles are based on Gandhian theory of state like development of small scale industries and all.

Under this articles are:-

  • Article-40 :- To organize village Panchayat
  • Article-43 :- To secure living wage, decent standard of living and to promote cottage industries(Introduced by 42ND Amendment)
  • Article-46 :- To promote educational & economic interests of SC, STs and other Backward educational class
  • Article-47 :- Prohibit the consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs
  • Article-48 :- Prohibit slaughter of cattles

Liberal-Intellectual- These principles are based on new liberal principles which developed with the society.

Under this articles are:-

  • Article-44 :- Uniform Civil Code
  • Article-45 :- To provide free and compulsory education to all children upto the age of 6 years(First age was 14 later on by 86th amendment it was amended to 6 years)
  • Article-49 :- Protect Monuments of National Importance
  • Article-50 :- Separate Judiciary from executive
  • Article-51 :- To promote international Peace
  • Article-48 A :- To protect environment
  • Article-43B :- Promotion of cooperative societies(introduced by 97th amendment 2011)

You may also see this:- Governor, Parliament, Attorney General, Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha

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