Polity for UPSC, SSC and Bank:
Polity a subject with lots of facts, aspirants find it very tiring task to study polity . so we have designed this vary article to make you study Various Constitutional and Statutory bodies very fast and in a effective manner.
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Right approach to study Polity for UPSC, SSC and Bank
Polity for UPSC, SSC and Bank includes various constitutional and other statutory bodies too and aspirants find themselves hard time in remembering them. So with a lot of research we have developed this very tabular form to study these.
Candidates are required to study polity in this manner it will be easier to study and remember for longer time.
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Various Constitutional bodies:
Constitutional bodies are those bodies which are mentioned in constitution under some article.
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|Appointment||By president||Chairman and Members by President||Governor (but can be removed only by President)||President|
|Qualification||None||None (except half the members govt servants>=10 yrs||None (except half the members govt servants>=10 yrs|
|Tenure||Max six years till 65 years||Max six years till 65 years. Single term.||Max six years till 62 years. Single term||Max six years till 65|
|Removal||Same manner and ground as SC judge||By president: Insolvent, outside employment, infirmity of mind or body. Also misbehaviour <has to refer to SC. Binding advice>||President <same as UPSC>||CEC: Same manner and ground at SC judge
Members: cannot be removed without the recommendation of the CEC
|Further employment||Not eligible under centre or state govt||Chairman: Not under the govt or state (except governor).
Members: Only as UPSC or SPSC chairman
|Chairman: As Chairman of UPSC of any other SPSC but no other under govt.
Members: Same except that they can also be appointed as same SPSC chairman
|Not debarred from any further employment|
|Service conditions||Determined by Parliament||By president. Jurisdiction can be extended by parliament||Similar to that of SC Judge|
|Others||President can exclude posts, services and matters from purview of SPSC. Rejected recommendations to be approved by the Appointments Committee||Governor can exclude posts, services and matters from purview of SPSC|
|Nat Comm SC||Nat Comm ST||Officer Linguistic Minorities|
|Article||338. By 65th amendment (1990) as Nat Comm of SC and ST||338A <89th amendment>||350 B – 7th Amendment.
|Chair, VC, 3 members|
|Tenure||Determined by Pres. Hold office for 3 years||Determined by Pres. Hold office for 3 years|
|Others||Can regulate its own procedure
Powers of civil court
Also enquires matters relating to OBCs and Anglo Indians
|Bifurcated after 89th amendment (2003). So came into being in 2004
Can regulate its own procedure
Powers of civil court
Regional office: Belgaum, Chennai, Kolkata
Falls under the ministry of Minority Affairs
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Statutory and Other Bodies:
|Estd||1993 – Statutory||1993 – Statutory||1964 – executive resolution
2003 – statute
|2005 – statute|
|Composition||1 Chair, 4 Members, 4 ex-officio members (Chair of Nat com of SC, ST, Minorities, Women)||1 Chair, 2 Members||1 CVC, 2 VC||1 CIC and <=10 members. Persons of eminence in public life etc.|
|Qualification||Chair: Ex CJI
Members: Ex or serving SC/HC judge; 2 persons having human rights knowledge or experience
|Chair: Ex CJI of HC
Members: Ex or serving HCJ/Dist J min 7 year exp and a person having knowledge of HR
|Appointment||President on recommendation of six member committee – PM, Speaker, Dy Chair (RS), Leaders of Opposition in Both Houses, Home Min||By Governor on recommendation of committee –( centre counterparts)||President – 3 member committee||President by committee: PL, Leader of Opp in LS, a Cabinet Minister|
|Tenure||5 years or till age of 70||5 yrs of till age 70||4 years or till age of 65||5 years of 65 age. No reappointment. IC can be appointed as CIC but total term <= 5years|
|Removal||By President. Same as UPSC.||By President. Same as UPSC.||By President. Same as UPSC.||By President. Same as UPSC.|
|Conditions of services||By Central Govt||By State Govt||Same as UPSC||Same as EC/SC|
|Powers||Of a civil court. Can look into a matter only within one year of its occurance.||Powers of Civil court. Can look into a matter only within one year of its occurrence. Can enquire only on HR violations in matters relating to state list and concurrent list.||Powers of a civil court||Powers of a civil court|
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Thank you and all the best
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