Right approach to study Polity for UPSC: Various Constitutional and Statutory bodies

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Polity for UPSC, SSC and Bank:

Polity a subject with lots of facts, aspirants find it very tiring task to study polity . so we have designed this vary article to make you study Various Constitutional and Statutory bodies very fast and in a effective manner.

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Right approach to study Polity for UPSC, SSC and Bank

Polity for UPSC, SSC and Bank includes various constitutional and other statutory bodies too and aspirants find themselves hard time in remembering them. So with a lot of research we have developed this very tabular form to study these.

Candidates are required to study polity in this manner it will be easier to study and remember for longer time.

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Various Constitutional bodies:

Constitutional bodies are those bodies which are mentioned in constitution under some article.

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  CAG UPSC SPSC EC
Article 148 315-323 315-323 324
Appointment By president Chairman and Members by President Governor (but can be removed only by President) President
         
Qualification None None (except half the members govt servants>=10 yrs None (except half the members govt servants>=10 yrs  
Tenure Max six years till 65 years Max six years till 65 years. Single term. Max six years till 62 years. Single term Max six years till 65
Removal Same manner and ground as SC judge By president: Insolvent, outside employment, infirmity of mind or body. Also misbehaviour <has to refer to SC. Binding advice> President <same as UPSC> CEC: Same manner and ground at SC judge

Members: cannot be removed without the recommendation of the CEC

Further employment Not eligible under centre or state govt Chairman: Not under the govt or state (except governor).

Members: Only as UPSC or SPSC chairman

Chairman: As Chairman of UPSC of any other SPSC but no other under govt.

Members: Same except that they can also be appointed as same SPSC chairman

 

Not debarred from any further employment
Service conditions Determined by Parliament By president. Jurisdiction can be extended by parliament   Similar to that of SC Judge
Others   President can exclude posts, services and matters from purview of SPSC. Rejected recommendations to be approved by the Appointments Committee Governor can exclude posts, services and matters from purview of SPSC
  Nat Comm SC Nat Comm ST Officer Linguistic Minorities
Article 338. By 65th amendment (1990) as Nat Comm of SC and ST 338A <89th amendment> 350 B – 7th Amendment.

1957

Appointment President President  
    Chair, VC, 3 members  
Qualification      
Tenure Determined by Pres. Hold office for 3 years Determined by Pres. Hold office for 3 years  
Removal      
Further employment      
Service conditions      
Others Can regulate its own procedure

 

Powers of civil court

 

Also enquires matters relating to OBCs and Anglo Indians

Bifurcated after 89th amendment (2003). So came into being in 2004

 

Can regulate its own procedure

 

Powers of civil court

 

HQ: Allahabad

Regional office: Belgaum, Chennai, Kolkata

 

Falls under the ministry of Minority Affairs

 

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Statutory and Other Bodies:

 

  NHRC SHRC CVC CIC
Estd 1993 – Statutory 1993 – Statutory 1964 – executive resolution

2003 – statute

2005 – statute
Composition 1 Chair, 4 Members, 4 ex-officio members (Chair of Nat com of SC, ST, Minorities, Women) 1 Chair, 2 Members 1 CVC, 2 VC 1 CIC and <=10 members. Persons of eminence in public life etc.
Qualification Chair: Ex CJI

Members: Ex or serving SC/HC judge; 2 persons having human rights knowledge or experience

Chair: Ex CJI of HC

Members: Ex or serving HCJ/Dist J min 7 year exp and a person having knowledge of HR

Appointment President on recommendation of six member committee – PM, Speaker, Dy Chair (RS), Leaders of Opposition in Both Houses, Home Min By Governor on recommendation of committee –( centre counterparts) President – 3 member committee President by committee: PL, Leader of Opp in LS, a Cabinet Minister
Tenure 5 years or till age of 70 5 yrs of till age 70 4 years or till age of 65 5 years of 65 age. No reappointment. IC can be appointed as CIC but total term <= 5years
Further employment No No No
Removal By President. Same as UPSC. By President. Same as UPSC. By President. Same as UPSC. By President. Same as UPSC.
Conditions of services By Central Govt By State Govt Same as UPSC Same as EC/SC
Powers Of a civil court. Can look into a matter only within one year of its occurance. Powers of Civil court. Can look into a matter only within one year of its occurrence. Can enquire only on HR violations in matters relating to state list and concurrent list. Powers of a civil court Powers of a civil court

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Thank you and all the best

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