Joint Military Exercises of India 2020
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List of Joint Military Exercises of India 2020
As we all know that, In a Joint Military Exercise, a country displays its Military strength be it through weapons or through the showcase of soldiers training it is an important point of International Relations where the country engages in Military Diplomacy in a show of strength. India over the many years has participated in Joint Military Exercises with different countries across the world. Below the table, we share a List of Joint Military Exercises of India conducted in the year 2020-
|Name of Exercise||Participating Nations||Conducted at|
|SIMBEX-20||Indian Navy and Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN)||Andaman Sea|
|SITMEX-2020||India, Singapore, Thailand||Andaman Sea|
|‘Bull Strike’||Elements of Indian Army’s Parachute Brigade, MARCOS (Marine Commando Force) and Special Forces||Andaman and Nicobar Command (ANC)|
|Malabar-2020||India & Australia||Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea|
|SLINEX-20||India & Sri Lanka||Trincomalee, Sri Lanka|
|“Bongosagar”||India-Bangladesh (Navy Bilateral Exercise)||Bay of Bengal|
|PASSEX (Passage Exercise)||India & Australia (Navy Bilateral Exercise)||East Indian Ocean Region|
|Suraksha Kavach||Maharashtra Police and Indian Army||Lulla Nagar, Pune, Maharashtra|
|4th JIMEX 2020||India and Japan||North Arabian Sea|
|EX Indradhanush – V 2020||Indian Air Force (IAF) and Royal Air Force (RAF)||Air Force Station Hindon, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh|
|AJEYA WARRIOR 2020||India and the United Kingdom||The United Kingdom|
|PASSEX (Passage Exercise)||India & US (Navy Bilateral Exercise)||Indian Ocean|
|Ajeya Warrior||India and the United Kingdom (Military Drill)||Salisbury Plains, the United Kingdom|
|DefExpo 2020||—||Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh|
|‘Sahyog-Kaijin’||India and Japan||Chennai|
|Matla Abhiyaan||Coastal security exercise||Kolkata, West Bengal|
|BIMSTEC disaster management exercise -2020||India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka & Myanmar||Puri (Odisha)|
|SAMPRITI-IX||India and Bangladesh||UMROI, Meghalaya, India|
|Naseem Al Bahr||India and Oman (Naval Exercise)||Mormugao Port, Goa|
Why is military exercise required?
- Military exercise has become an imperative part of the armed forces all around the world. They serve many purposes like:
- It trains soldiers in how to act, how to think, and how to work together in times of conflict.
- The military exercise is a method to showcase the power and might to other countries of the world.
- It also improves the coordination as well as cooperation among friendly militaries of the world.
- It provides an opportunity to test the precision of weapons and devices.
- Training for Natural Disasters and Humanitarian Relief.
- Military exercises are conducted as it serves many purposes like counter-terrorism, low-intensity conflict operations at Counter-Insurgency etc.
- Military exercises help Armed Forces to train themselves for Humanitarian Relief in case of Natural Calamity or Disaster.
The Indian military exercises can be segregated into 3 categories:
- Domestic exercise
- Bilateral Exercise
- Multilateral exercise
1. Domestic Military Exercises of India – This exercise aims to improve internal engagements and there can be inter-services or intra-services depending on nature and its application. List of military domestic Military Exercises of India:
|S. No.||Exercise Name||Remarks|
|1.||GANDIV VIJAY||Conducted by the Chetak corps of South Western Command of Indian Army in Mahajan field firing ranges of Rajasthan in May 2018. It was based on offensive operations through joint air-land battle in a network-centric environment employing modern technology.|
|2.||VIJAY PRAHAR||Conducted by the South Western Command of Indian Army. The month-long exercise was aimed to orchestrate a wide spectrum of threats which are planned to be tackled through high tempo joint air and land operation.|
|3.||PASCHIM LEHAR-18||Tri-service maritime exercise, conducted by Indian Navy off western coast in the Arabian Sea. The exercise is aimed at improving the interoperability between the Indian Navy, Indian Army, Indian Air Force, and Coast Guard.|
|4.||Vayu Shakti 2019||It is an Air Force Exercise conducted once in every 3 years. It was previously held in 2016 codenamed ‘Iron Fist’. It is a firepower demonstration exercise held at Pokhran, Rajasthan.|
Bilateral Military Exercises of Indian Army
|S. No.||Exercise Name||Participant Nations|
|1.||HAND IN HAND||China|
|4.||MITRA SHAKTI||Sri Lanka|
Bilateral Military Exercises of Indian Navy
|30.||Sahyog HOP TAC||Vietnam|
Bilateral Military Exercises of Indian Air Force
3. Multilateral Military Exercises of India: Multilateral Exercise as the name suggests, involves the forces and military of more than two countries. An example would be the “COBRA-GOLD Exercise” which was conducted in Russia between China, Tajikistan, India, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Pakistan & Uzbekistan.
|S. No.||Exercise Name||Remarks|
|1.||RIMPAC||It is the world’s largest maritime exercise. It was first conducted in 1971 and is held biannually near Honolulu, Hawaii (USA).
The Exercise is overlooked by the US Navy’s Pacific fleet. The recent 2018 edition saw 26 countries participating which included India.
|2.||MALABAR||An annual trilateral naval exercise involving the United States, Japan, and India as permanent partners. It originally began in 1992 as a bilateral exercise between India and the US. Later in 2015, Japan became a permanent partner|
|3.||MILEX-18||First joint military exercise between BIMSTEC countries, conducted in Pune, Maharashtra. All member BIMSTEC countries, except Thailand and Nepal, took an active part in this exercise. The main aim is to promote practices in areas of counter-terrorism.|
|4.||PEACE MISSION||A Counter Terror Military Exercise, held in Russia in September 2018, under the framework of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). For the first time, arch-rivals India and Pakistan took part in it.|
|5.||Samvedna-2018||The first multilateral Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) exercise of Indian Air Force (IAF) in association with South Asian Region nations, was held off the coast of Kerala.|
|6.||Ex COBRA GOLD||It is the largest Asia-Pacific military exercise held in Thailand every year.|
|7.||KAKADU||Started in 1993, it is a multilateral regional maritime engagement exercise hosted by the Royal Australian Navy. It derives its name from the Kakadu National Park.|
|8.||ARF DiR Ex||It stands for ASEAN Regional Forum Disaster Relief Exercise (ARF DiR Ex). It is aimed at organizing a large-scale disaster relief exercise. It was 1st held in 2009, & takes place biannually. It is co-hosted by one ASEAN member states and one non-ASEAN ARF member.|
|9.||Ex KOMODO||A biennial multilateral Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) exercise, conducted for the first time by the Indonesian Navy in April 2014 at Batam, Indonesia.|
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