Recent List of Geographical Indications in India 2021
Saffron (Lachha, Mongra, Guchhi) from Jammu and Kashmir is in recent of GI Tags in India 2021. Download PDF of Complete list of Geographical Indications (GI Tags) in India 2021. If you are preparing for Banking, SSC, Railways, UPSC, State Level Exams, and other competitive Exams, you are bound to find a few questions on Current Affairs in your General Awareness section on List of Geographical Indications (GI Tags) in India. So be prepared to tackle it all!
Today, here we are providing you a List of GI Tags in India 2021 (Updated) in PDF format. These Geographical Indications (GI Tags) are also part of GK and Current Affairs. In this post we are providing you with the list of Geographical Indication (GI) Tags issued recently and notes on the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999. So follow this newly List of Geographical Indications (GI Tags) in India and get good marks in the General Awareness section in the upcoming exams.
List of Geographical Indications (GI Tags) in India 2021
Geographical Indication is a tag used on products, natural or man-made, associated with a particular region or geographical location in a country. GI tag can be given to a wide range of products – agricultural, handicraft, foodstuff or manufactured goods.
Geographical Indications (GI Tags) in India:
- Geographical Indications (GI) got legal status in India through the enactment of the Geographical Indication of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999. It came into force on 15th September 2003.
- Darjeeling Tea became the first Indian product to get the GI tag in 2004. So far over three hundred and fifty goods in India have got the GI tag.
- The GI tag is awarded by the Geographical Indications Registry which is under the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
- The GI tag grants collective rights for a period of 10 years.
- Till now around 370 products have been added to the GI list.
- Karnataka has the highest 42 Geographical Indication tagged products in the country.
Recent GI tags awarded in India from April 2020- March 2021
Geographical Indications (GI Tags) tag is an acknowledgement of the intellectual property of the product. The tags are given to foodstuffs, handicrafts, wine and spirit drinks, industrial products, and agricultural products.
|Jammu and Kashmir||Saffron (Lachha, Mongra, Guchhi)||Agricultural|
|Jharkhand||Sohrai Khovar painting||Handicraft|
|Tamil Nadu||Kovilpatti Kadalai Mittai||Food Stuff|
|Tamil Nadu||Thanjavur Netti(Pith) works||Handicraft|
|Tamil Nadu||Arumbavur Wood Carvings||Handicraft|
|Uttar Pradesh||Gorakhpur Terracotta||Handicraft|
Kashmir saffron: A globally-renowned spice used in cosmetics and medication. India is the second-largest producer of saffron in the world close behind Iran. Kashmir saffron boasts of high aroma, natural deep red colour, bitter flavour, and organic processing. Kashmir saffron is grown at the highest altitude among all the saffrons of the world. The lacustrine deposits of Kashmir valley where it is grown imparts the saffron its unique characteristics. There are 3 types of saffron based on processing: Lachha saffron, Mongra Saffron, Guchhi Saffron. Sanskrit word for saffron is “Bahukam”.
Sohrai-Khovar painting: It is a traditional painting over 5700 years old, done by tribal women of Jharkhand, especially in the Hazaribagh region. Sohrai painting is associated with harvest and is done on mud walls of the houses after the rainy season. Khovar painting is associated with marriage and is used to decorate chambers where marriage is performed. The painting uses natural colours- red ochre, yellow ochre, white ochre, black ochre. The painting is done using fingers, twigs, cloth swab and broken bits of the comb. The motifs of the paintings are influenced heavily by forest life.
Chak-Hao rice: It is scented glutinous rice with very high nutritious value, and it is full of antioxidants. It has been in cultivation in Manipur for centuries. It is part of traditional medicine. It is consumed during community feasts and in the form of “chakhao kheer”.
Kovilpatti kadalai mittai: It is a sweet dish made of peanuts and grated coconut in different colours glued together with jaggery syrup. It is manufactured in Kovilpatti and other regions in the district of Toothukudi.
Thanjavur Netti works: It is made from the pith of a marshy plant named Aeschynomene Aspera. The traditional artwork is made by artisans from Thanjavur, Kumbakonam, Pudukottai with the skill being transferred from generation to generation. It can be found in Brihadeshwara Temple also.
Arumbavur wood carvings: It is made by artisans of the Perambalur region. It is made from wooden logs of mango, lingam tree, Indian ash tree, Reese wood and neem. The entire sculpture is made on a single wooden block.
Telia Rumal: It is done in Puttapaka, Nalgonda district. Earlier done on handkerchiefs(rumal) but now on sarees, dupattas and sheets as well. It made by a unique tie and dye technique that uses oil to retain the softness of the yarn and gives it a distinct smell. The motifs vary from geometric and vegetal designs to figurative elements like lions, elephants, and aeroplanes.
Gorakhpur terracotta: It is made from special clay found in the Bhathat area of the Gorakhpur district in Uttar Pradesh. It is a traditional art form practised by potters of the region for centuries. Animal figures like elephants, horse, camel, with hand-applied ornamentation, are common.
List of GI Tags in India from April 2019- March 2020
|Arunachal Pradesh||Idu Mishmi Textiles||Handicraft|
|Karnataka||Gulbarga Tur Dal||Agricultural|
|Kerala||Tirur Vettila (betel leaf)||Agricultural|
|Odisha||Odisha Rasagola||Food Stuff|
|Tamil Nadu||Kodaikanal Malai Poondu||Agricultural|
|Tamil Nadu||Palani Panchamirtham||Food Stuff|
|Tamil Nadu||Dindigul Locks||Manufactured|
|Tamil Nadu||Kandangi Saree||Handicraft|
|Tamil Nadu||Srivilliputtur Palkova||Foodstuff|
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Idu Mishmi textiles: It is a handloom product made by Idu Mishmi (a sub-tribe of Mishmi) of Lohit, Lower Dibang Valley and Dibang Valley. It is woven primarily by women of the tribal community. The patterns of Idu Mishmi textiles are inspired by nature and may consist of complicated geometrical designs.
Kaji Nemu(Lemon): It is grown all over Assam and has a unique cylindrical shape with light green to yellow colour. It has a distinct aroma and helps in the treatment of dark spots, scurvy and has anti-ageing properties. It is comparatively larger than a regular lemon.
Chokuwa Rice: It is a semi glutinous rice variety grown in winters in Assam. Also known as ‘Komal Saul’, Chokuwa is an integral part of Assamese culture especially in social and religious ceremonies.
Khola Chilli: It famous for its brilliant red colour and medium pungent taste. Khola chilli or kholchi mirchi is grown on the hill slopes of Khola village of Canacona region under rain fed conditions only.
Irish Whiskey: India is the largest whiskey market of the world and the consumption of Irish whiskey in India doubled in 2018. With the GI tag, only the whiskey produced in Ireland can by sold as Irish whiskey in India.
Gulbarga Tur dal: Gulbarga tur dal also known as ‘Kalaburagi Red Gram’ is known for its superior quality world over primarily due to the high calcium and potassium content of the local soil in which it is grown. Tur is the main Kharif crop of the dry interior region of Hyderabad and Karnataka with more than 35% being grown in Kalaburagi district alone.
Tirur Vettila: Grown in Tirur and adjacent region in the district of Mallapuram in Kerala, this betel leaf is unique owing to its high protein and chlorophyll content. It’s nutritious leaves have a distinct aroma and flavour along with anti carcinogenic and anti microbial properties.
The next 5 GI tagged products are traditional shawls of Mizoram***
- Pawndum: It is worn on the occasion of a funeral as a symbol of mourning.
- Ngotekherh: It is a popular Mizo shawl worn on special occasions. It is claimed by Hmar tribe of Mizoram.
- Hmaram: Another shawl claimed by the Hmar tribe, Hmaram is also worn on special occasions only.
- Tawlhohpuan: It has a unique cultural significance among all puans (shawls) of Mizoram. It is worn exclusively by extremely courageous warriors among Mizo men as a symbol of their bravery.
- Mizo Puanchei: It is the most colourful among all the Mizo shawls and is worn by wrapping is around the waist.
Kandhamal Haldi: Kandhamal handi is a variety of turmeric indigenous to Odisha’s Kandhamal district. It is known for its healing properties and distinct aroma.
Odisha Rasagola: Odisha rasogulla got GI tag two years after West Bengal got GI tag for its rasogulla after intense battle of claims between the two states. Odisha’s rasogulla is relatively soft, juicy and non-chewy compared to West Bengal rasogulla.
Kodaikanal Malai Poondu: It is species of garlic that is white to pale yellow in colour. Grown in the Kodaikanal hills, this garlic is known for its medicinal and preservative properties due high percentage of organosulfur, phenols and flavonoids.
Dindigul Locks: Dindigul, due to large iron present in the region developed as a manufacturer of locks. The Dindigul locks are so famous for their quality and strength, that Dindigul came to be known as ‘lock city’.
Kandangi saree: It is produced manually in the Karaikudi region of the Shivaganga district in Tamil Nadu. Kandangi sarees have characteristic broad borders and bright colours.
Srivilliputtur Palkova: It is a traditional sweet of Tamil Nadu made by simmering milk until it turns into a thick paste. The unique feature of this sweet is that it is made of milk only from cows around Srivilliputtur of Virudhunagar district in Tamil Nadu. The milk here is naturally sweet and hence requires very little addition of sugar to make the sweet.
Advantages of Geographical Indications (GI Tags)
- It offers legal protection to the products and prevents unauthorised use of GI tagged products by other producers who aren’t producing in that locality.
- GI tags make it easy for consumers to get quality products of desired traits, and they’re assured of its authenticity.
- GI tags promote the economic prosperity of producers of GI tagged goods by enhancing their demand in national and international markets. This can also help boost the country’s rate of economic growth.
- GI tagged goods which are exported can help the country improve its Balance of Payments position.
- GI tagged food materials can also help a country boost its GDP through tourism. More tourists might frequent the geographical origin of the product to get their hands on the delicious delicacy being produced there.
- Most importantly, the use of GI tags can help allocate resources more efficiently. For instance, the quality of rice grown in a specific region may be excellent in region-A, while the quality of wheat may be excellent in region-B. While previously, there was no specialise involved in the food production process, once both region-A and region-B begin to specialise in different crop production, that particular country can then make the most efficient use of available resources.
- One of the most beautiful sides to embracing the use of GI tags in the food production process is how it can help preserve traditional cuisines.
- More importantly, a significant portion of the food processing industry is done in an unorganized manner in many countries. The adoption of GI tags for food production can allow for systematic food production and food processing.
- GI can be considered either directly or indirectly, as driving forces of food safety. We hope that GI tags will help bring about a revolution in the global food industry concerning food quality and food safety.
- GIs are specific to a region. It means that they are specific to the climatic, biotic, topographic, edaphic conditions and/or specific traditional skills of the people involved in their production. These factors combine to give the final product the characteristics that are unique to it. GI tag helps in its preservation and continuity without alteration.
Why Geographical Indications (GI) Tags are Used?
Geographical Indications are typically used to identify foodstuffs, agricultural products, handicrafts, and industrial products. Geographical Indications (GI) Tag is similar to products like Copyright, Patent, Trademark etc. i.e., a GI Tag ensures that no one copies the popular product name and also a GI tag helps in the branding and marketing of the product representing a specific geographic location. GI tagged products ensure you good quality and distinctiveness which is contributed to its origin in that defined geographical locality, region or country.
The Geographical Indications (GI) Tags registration ensures the following benefits:
- Legal protection to the products.
- Prevents unauthorized use of GI tag products by others.
- It helps consumers to get quality products of desired traits and is assured of authenticity.
- Promotes the economic prosperity of producers of GI tag goods produced in a geographical territory. Thus, enhancing their demand in national and international markets.
Hope you have benefited from this article. Check us for further details. Let’s Study Together (LST) wishes you all the best for your upcoming exams.
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