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Static GK Study Material : Jammu & Kashmir

Static GK Study Material : Jammu & Kashmir. Welcome to the letsstudytogether.co online learning section. If you are preparing for IBPS 2017 and other competitive exams exam, you will come across a section on Static GK. Here we are providing you Static GK Study Material of every Indian State day to day.

This Static GK Study Material : Jammu & Kashmir is also important for other banking exams such as IBPS PO, IBPS Clerk, SBI Clerk, IBPS RRB Officer, IBPS RRB Office Assistant, IBPS SO, SBI SO and other competitive exams.

List of topics:-

  • Static GK Jammu & Kashmir
  • Nicknames of Jammu & Kashmir Cities
  • Important Festivals & Dance of Jammu & Kashmir
  • Important Rivers and Dams in Jammu & Kashmir
  • Important Lakes in Jammu & Kashmir
  •  Important National Parks in Jammu & Kashmir
  • Important Wildlife Sanctuary in Jammu & Kashmir
  • Important Mountains in Jammu & Kashmir
  • Important Temples/Archaeological Monuments/Sites in Jammu & Kashmir
  • Important stadiums in Jammu & Kashmir, Important Airports in Jammu & Kashmir
  • Important Hydro-Electric Power Stations in Jammu & Kashmir
  • ARTICLE 370  in Jammu and Kashmir

JAMMU & KASHMIR (भारत का स्वर्ग)

Jammu and Kashmir is a state in northern India, often denoted by the acronym J&K. It is located mostly in the Himalayan mountains, and shares borders with the states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south. Jammu and Kashmir has an international border with China in the north and east, and the Line of Control. The state has special autonomy under Article 370 of the Constitution of India.

Jammu and Kashmir consist of three regions: Jammu, the Kashmir Valley and Ladakh. Srinagar is the summer capital, and Jammu is the winter capital. Jammu and Kashmir is the only state in India with a Muslim-majority population. The Kashmir valley is famous for its beautiful mountainous landscape, and Jammu’s numerous shrines attract tens of thousands of Hindu pilgrims every year. Ladakh, also known as “Little Tibet”, is renowned for its remote mountain beauty and Buddhist culture.

JAMMU & KASHMIR

  • Capital Srinagar (Summer), Jammu (Winter)
  • No of Districts 22
  • Largest city Srinagar
  • Governor Narinder Nath Vohra
  • Chief Minister Chief Minister – Mehbooba Mufti(JKPDP)
  • Administrative Language Urdu
  • Major Industries Handicrafts & Handlooms
  • Official Animal –  Kashmir stag
  • Official Bird Black-necked crane

Nicknames of Jammu & Kashmir Cities

City Nicknames
Srinagar City of Rivers/lakes
Kashmir Switzerland of India
Siachen Highest and coldest battlefield in the world
Jammu City of Temples

Important Festivals & Dance of Jammu & Kashmir

Festivals Dance
Eid ul Azha Kud Dance
Eid ul Fitr Dumhal Dance
Urs Rouf Dance
Hemis Festival Bhand Pather
Baisakhi Bachha Nagma
Tulip Festival Hafiza Dance
Shikara Festival Bhand Jashan
Gurez Festival Bacha Nagma
Wuegi-Nachun

Important Rivers and Dams in Jammu & Kashmir

River Dam Purpose District
Baglihar Dam Chenab Hydroelectric Ramban
Dulhasti Dam Chenab Hydroelectric Kishtwar
Kishenganga Dam Kishanganga Hydroelectric Bandipore
Nimoo Bazgo Dam Indus Hydroelectric Leh (Ladakh)
Niu Karewa Storage Yusmarg Dam Irrigation Badgam
Pakal Dul Dam Marusudar Hydroelectric Kishtwar
Salal (Rockfill And Concrete ) Dam Chenab Hydroelectric Reasi
Sewa St II Dam Sewa Hydroelectric Kathua
Uri-II Dam Jhelum Hydroelectric Baramula

 Important Lakes in Jammu & Kashmir

Lake Remarks Located in/near
Dal Lake “Jewel in the crown of Kashmir” Srinagar
Gadsar Lake “Lake of flowers” Sonamarg
Krishnasar Lake Sonamarg
Gangabal Lake “Haramukh Ganga” Sonamarg
Nagin Lake “Jewel In The Ring” Srinagar
Wular Lake “Largest fresh water lake in Asia” Srinagar
Manasbal Lake “Bird’s Paradise” Srinagar
Pangong Lake Share international boundary with China Leh
Tso Kar Lake “White or Salty lake” Ladakh
Sheshnag Lake Pahalgam

 Important National Parks in Jammu & Kashmir




National Park Famous species Place/near
Dachigam National Park Hangul(Kashmiri Stag) Srinagar
Salim Ali National Park Paradise flycathcher, Himlayan Snow Cock Srinagar
Kazinag National Park Markhor(Capra falconeri) Srinagar
Kishtwar High Altitude National Park Himalayan Snow Cock and brown bear
City Forest National Park (CFO) known as “Salim National Park” Srinagar
Hemis National Park it is believed to have the highest density of snow leopards of any protected area in the world &famous for Snow Leopard, Asiatic ibex, Argali (Great Tibetian Sheep). Ladakh

 Important Wildlife Sanctuary in Jammu & Kashmir

Wildlife Sanctuary Place/near
Gulmarg Wildlife Sanctuary Baramulla
Limber Wildlife Sanctuary Baramulla
Lachipora Wildlife Sanctuary Baramulla
Overa – Aru Wildlife Sanctuary Anantnag
Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary Shopian
Rajparian (Daksum) Wildlife Sanctuary Anantnag
Karkoram Wildlife Sanctuary Leh
Changthang Wildlife Sanctuary Leh
Ramnagar Wildlife Sanctuary Jammu
Jasrota Wildlife Sanctuary Kathua
Surinsar Mansar Sanctuary Udhampur / Samba / Jammu
Nandi Wildlife Sanctuary Jammu
Thajwas (Baltal) Wildlife Sanctuary Ganderbal
Trikuta Wildlife Sanctuary Reasi

 Important Mountains in Jammu & Kashmir




Mountains

Heights Special Remarks Place/near
Karakoram & Kyunlun ranges (k2) 8615 M Second highest peak of the world. these mountains lie to the north and north-east of the State
Nanga Parbat Range 8107 M It is also known as “NAKED MOUNTAIN” or “DEO MIR” or “KILLER MOUNTAIN” Gilgit
Soyamji (volcanic mountain) 1860M North Machhipura (Handwara)
Pir Panjal Range (part of greater Himalyan) 1400-4100M J & K and Himachal Pradesh
Amarnath (part of Himalyan) 5372 M It is Called SHESHANG as its peak resemble the heads of seven big snakes. Gander district of Kashmir
Harmukh (part of Himalyan) 5142 M It is the abode of LORD SHIVA. Ganderbal District of Jammu and Kashmir
Shiwalik Range 1500 M Shiwalik means “TREES OF SHIVA” and known as “MANAK PARBAT” in ancient time.

from the Indus and ends close to the Brahmaputra

 Important Temples/Archaeological Monuments/Sites in Jammu & Kashmir

Temples/Archaeological Monuments/Sites Special Remarks
Amarnath Temple The famous Hindu Monuments.
Vaishno Devi Mandir Reserve Bank of India (RBI) released coins with Maa Vaishno Devi’s image on the Head side of the coins.
Bahu Fort
Raghunath Temple temple are covered with gold sheet on three sides while the interiors of the temple are plated with gold
Peer kho cave temple it is widely believed that Ramayan character Jamvant (the bear God) meditated in this cave.
Panchbakhtar Temple It is one of the oldest Shivalya in the city and the Lingam in this temple is self manifested (Aap Shambu).
Mahamaya Temple
Shankaracharya Temple known as Takht-I-Sulaiman
Hari Parbat Fort & Temple of Sharika Devi
Kheer Bhawani
Jama Masjid Originally built by Sultan Sikandar in 1400 AD
Hazratbal Mosque only domed mosque in Srinagar
Khanqah of Shah Hamadan first mosque ever built in 1395Srinagar
Chhatti Padshahi Gurudwara
Shalimar Bagh Mughal Garden
Chashme Shahi one of the Mughal gardens built in 1632 ADNubra Valley, north east of Ladakh valley
Thikse Monastery Leh in Ladakh
Shanti Stupa Buddhist white-domed stupa on a hilltop in Chanspa, Leh district
Magnetic Hill Leh
Leh Palace built by King Sengge Namgyal in the 17th century
St. Joseph’s Catholic Church It was established in 1891, by Mill Hill Missionaries, making it the oldest Catholic church in Jammu and Kashmir
Martand Temple dedicated to Lord Surya , the “Sun God”
Amar Mahal Palace built in the nineteenth century for Raja Amar Singh, a Dogra king

Important stadiums in Jammu & Kashmir

Stadiums Sport Place/near
Sher-i-Kashmir Cricket Srinagar
Bakshi football Srinagar
Maulana Azad Cricket Jammu
Gandhi Memorial Science College Ground Cricket Jammu
Baljata Cricket/ Horse riding Jammu

 Important Airports in Jammu & Kashmir

Airports Place/near
Sheikh Ul Alam International airport (Srinagar airport) Srinagar
Jammu airport Jammu
Leh Kushok Bakula Rimpochee Airport Leh
Udhampur Air Force Station Jammu & Kashmir
Thoise Airport Jammu & Kashmir
Kargil Airport Jammu & Kashmir
Fukche Advanced Landing Ground Jammu & Kashmir
Awantipur Air Force Station Jammu & Kashmir
Daulat Beg Oldi Advanced Landing Ground Jammu & Kashmir
Rajouri Airport Jammu & Kashmir
Poonch Airport Jammu

 Important Hydro-Electric Power Stations in Jammu & Kashmir

Hydro-Electric Power Stations Place/near River
Baglihar Stage- I Hydroelectric Project Doda Chenab
Chenani Hydroelectric Project Ladden 8 km from Udhampur, J&K River Tawi tributary of Chenab
Chutak Hydroelectric Project Village-Minji, Kargil Suru
Dulhasti Hydroelectric Project Doda CHENAB
Ganderbal Hydroelectric Project Srinagar, J&K Sindh Nallah tributary of Jhelum
Iqbal (Kargil) Hydroelectric Project Kargil/leh Wakharong
Kishenganga Hydroelectric Project Kishanganga
Lower Jhelum Hydroelectric Project Near Warikhah, Baramulla Jhelum
Nimmo-Bazgo Hydroelectric Project Indus
Ranjit Sagar Dam Hydroelectric Project SHAHPURKANDI (Pathankot)/ GURDASPUR Ravi
Salal – I & II Hydroelectric Project Reasi/Udhampur Chenab
Sewa-II & III Hydroelectric Project Kathua Sewa, Ravi (III)
Stakna Hydroelectric Project Leh Indus
Upper Sindh Hydroelectric Project Sindh Nallah tributary of Jhelum Srinagar, J&K
Uri-I Hydroelectric Project Sindh Nallah & Wangath nallah of Jhelum Baramula,Distt-Kashmir North

 ARTICLE 370  in Jammu and Kashmir

Article 370 of the Indian constitution is an article that grants special autonomous status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The article is drafted in Part XXI of the Constitution: Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions. The State’s Constituent Assembly was empowered to recommend the articles of the Indian constitution to be applied to the state or to abrogate the Article 370 altogether. After the state Constituent Assembly dissolved itself without recommending abrogation, the Article 370 was deemed to have become a permanent feature of the Indian Constitution.

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