The SSC exams are approaching again, and it is time to start preparing. Whether this is your first time or writing the exams again, you need to pass it at one go to get your desired job. However, before you can get that dream job at the staff commission, there is a hurdle to overcome. You must pass the Descriptive Essay exam before you can be selected. This exam usually consists of a formal or informal essay consisting of 250 words, more or less 10%, and a piece of 150 words more or less 10%.

If you are not proficient at writing essays, you may find yourself on the verge of losing a considerable chunk of your marks as each segment; essay and letter, carry 50 marks each. When looking to improve your essay writing skills, check for tips on how to improve your writing skills. You should also pay attention to the rest of this article as we provide you with a comprehensive guide to writing formal and informal letters in SSC Descriptive Exam.

When writing the Staff Selection Commission exam, you have to know the proper ways to write formal and informal letters. So let’s start with a formal letter.

How to write a Formal Letter

A formal letter is a letter written to someone with which you have a formal or business relationship. You can also write it to someone in a position of authority. Examples of people you write formal letters to include your boss, the leader of your state, the head of a company, and so on. If you need help writing a formal letter, here is the format laid out.


The heading should comprise the sender’s address written at the top left corner of the booklet, the date; written directly underneath the sender’s address, the receiver’s address beneath that, and finally, the letter’s subject. After getting these down, you can now move onto the salutation.


Salutation is very important in formal letter writing. You can write Sir or Madam. If you are unsure of the gender, write Sir. Don’t forget this part.


The next part, and arguably the essential part, is the body. Here, you have the opportunity to table your matter. The body of the letter must have an introduction, body, and conclusion. Using this structure is the general requirement, and it will allow you to organize your concerns in a logical manner. Not following this structure may result in a loss of marks in the SSC marking guide.


The closing of your essay should consist of a salutation, your signature, your name, and your title if you have any relevant ones.

The do’s and don’ts of Formal Letter

When writing a formal letter in the SSC exam, you must follow the standard writing rules. If you don’t, you may lose some marks. Here are some tips required to take measure of:

  • Write in a formal tone;
  • Talk respectfully;
  • Go straight to the point;
  • Don’t use abbreviations or contracted forms like don’t cant shouldn’t ;
  • Don’t use idioms, phrasal verbs, imperatives, and the likes.

There are more rules but let’s keep it short and straightforward. If you follow these, you should not have any problem while writing your formal letter.

How to write an Informal Letter

As the name suggests, an informal letter is written to people with whom you have an intimate relationship; it can be written to your family, friends, classmates, and so on. When writing an informal letter, you also have to follow some rules to ensure that you get the best marks possible. Here is a format to help you when writing an informal letter:


The heading of an informal letter consists of just the sender’s address and the date. After this, you move on to the salutation.


The salutation here is usually more friendly and cheerful. It would be best if you started with “dear” and then wrote the receiver’s name. If you are writing to your friend, make sure to write the name of that friend and not “dear friend.” Add a comma after the salutation and get to the body of the letter.


The body of an informal letter is similar to that of a formal letter. You should follow the structure of an introduction, body, and conclusion. The significant difference is that you can be more liberal with your choice of words and writing style. However, remember to keep it short as the SSC Descriptive Exam has a word count limit for each segment.


You should close your informal letter with a complimentary greeting. For example, you can refer affectionately to your loved one and then sign off with your first name.

In informal letters, you can use protracted format, idioms, phrasal verbs, imperatives, and so on.

Tips to Ace the Descriptive Exams

Here are some general tips that will assist you pass the SSC Descriptive exams in flying colours.

Don’t exceed the word count limit.

The word count is usually 250 words (-/+ 10%). They have designed the booklet so that you can write one word in each column. Therefore, exceeding the word count may lead to getting some negative marks.

Avoid grammatical errors

Markers are always on the lookout for grammatical errors. Try not to fall victim to any grammatical mistakes in the exam. They can lower your mark in the essay part and affect your total score.

Make your essay stand out.

Many applicants will be writing on the same topic, so the markers might quickly get bored. Try to make your essay stand out by writing clearly in a manner that communicates your message as succinctly as possible. You can also be creative with the essay part so that your piece is memorable.

Get familiar with likely topics.

SSC Descriptive Exam essay and letter topics come from current issues. It may be political, social, economic, and so on. It would help if you know what is happening and form a concrete opinion on the most important ones before the exam date.

Obey all instructions

This final part is vital. Many people fail exams because they fail to obey the instructions. It is not enough to know what to write; you must write it as instructed.

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