Daily GK and Current Affairs Quiz - 4th January 2023
Daily GK and Current Affairs Quiz - 4th January 2023

Daily GK and Current Affairs Quiz – 4th January 2023

Today’s Current Affairs Quiz. Important Current Affairs Questions – January 2023. Monthly Current Affairs PDF. Latest Current Affairs Questions for Banking and Insurance Exams 2023. Welcome to the Let’s Study Together (LST) online Current Affairs section. If you are preparing for Banking & Insurance, SSC, Railways, and other competitive exams, you will come across a section on Current Affairs. Here we are providing you with “Current Affairs Quiz – 4th January 2023″ in PDF format based on the current events for your daily practice.

This “Current Affairs Quiz – 4th  January 2023″ is also important for other banking exams such as LIC AAO, IBPS PO, IBPS Clerk, SBI PO/Clerk, IBPS RRB Officer, IBPS RRB Office Assistant, IBPS SO, SBI SO, SSC, Railways and other competitive exams.

Current Affairs Quiz – 4th January 2023

In all Sarkari Exams/Govt Exams, Current Affairs Quiz which is asked generally framed on International News, National News, State News, Sports, Awards, Summits, Schemes, Books & Authors, Ranks & Reports, Important Days, Economy, Defence, Science & Technology, etc. To excel in the Current Affairs section of the competitive examinations you are required to cover Current Affairs Quiz in the above areas.

  1. The railways ministry has rolled out a energy efficiency plan to become carbon-neutral by ______________.
  1. 2025
  2. 2028
  3. 2030
  4. 2035
  5. None of these

Show Correct Answers

Correct Answer:  C. 2030

Explanation:  The railways ministry has rolled out a five-pronged energy efficiency plan to become carbon-neutral by 2030. The ministry is looking to reduce overall energy use with efficient operations and increase renewable energy usage. India, in its commitment to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, has set a target to become net zero by 2070. For the railways, the target year is 2030.

2. Defence minister Rajnath Singh has inaugurated the Siyom bridge in__________, along with 27 other infrastructure projects completed by the Border Roads Organisation (BRO).

  1. Ladakh
  2. Arunachal Pradesh
  3. Himachal Pradesh
  4. Jammu and Kashmir
  5. None of these

Show Correct Answers

Correct Answer:  B. Arunachal Pradesh

Explanation:  Defence minister Rajnath Singh has inaugurated the Siyom bridge in Arunachal Pradesh, along with 27 other infrastructure projects completed by the Border Roads Organisation (BRO). Built at a cost of 724 crore rupees, these projects will hugely augment India’s border infrastructure, mostly along the Chinese border, from Ladakh to Arunachal. 21 other bridges, three roads and three additional infrastructure projects in Arunachal Pradesh, J&K, Ladakh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Punjab and Rajasthan, were virtually inaugurated by Rajnath Singh from the Siyom bridge site. Singh also virtually inaugurated the 27 other projects of the BRO. Out of these, eight have been constructed in Ladakh, four in Jammu and Kashmir, five in Arunachal Pradesh, three each in Sikkim, Punjab and Uttarakhand and two in Rajasthan.

The 100-metre ‘Class-70’ steel arch superstructure on the Aalo-Yingkiong road between West Siang and Upper Siang districts, is one of the 28 projects completed by the BRO at a cost of Rs 724.3 crore to bolster border infrastructure. The Siyom bridge on the Along-Yinkiong Road will facilitate faster induction of troops, heavy equipment like howitzers and mechanised vehicles to forward areas of the Upper Siang district, Tuting and Yinkiong regions along the Line of Actual Control (LAC).

3. Who among the following has become the first woman officer to be operationally deployed at the Siachen glacier?

  1. Richa Kumari
  2. Shiva Chauhan
  3. Anjali Singh
  4. Abhilasha Barak
  5. None of these

Show Correct Answers

Correct Answer:  B. Shiva Chauhan

Explanation:  Captain Shiva Chauhan from the Corps of Engineers has been posted at a frontline post in Siachen Glacier, in first such operational deployment of an woman Army officer at the world’s highest battlefield. The officer was posted at the Kumar post, located at an altitude of around 15,600 feet in Siachen, for a three-month stint after she underwent rigorous training. The training included endurance training, ice wall climbing, avalanche and crevasse rescue and survival drills.

Capt Shiva Chouhan, who hails from Rajasthan, is a Bengal Sapper Officer. Chouhan lost her father at the age of 11 and her mother, a housewife, took care of her studies. She did her schooling from Udaipur and graduated from NJR Institute of Technology, Udaipur, in civil engineering. Covering a distance of 508 kms, Capt Chouhan successfully led the Sura Soi Cycling Expedition from Siachen War Memorial to Kargil War Memorial conducted on the occasion of Kargil Vijay Diwas in July 2022. She then took up the challenge of leading the men of Sura Soi Engineer Regiment at Siachen and, based on her performance, was selected to undergo training at the Siachen Battle School.

4. Which of the following country becomes the First Country in Asia to Launch Hydrogen Powered Train?

  1. China
  2. Japan
  3. India
  4. Bangladesh
  5. None of these

Show Correct Answers

Correct Answer:  A. China

Explanation:  China’s CRRC Corporation Ltd. Launched a hydrogen urban train, and it is the first in Asia and the second such train in the world. Germany introduced green trains a few months back. The hydrogen trains have a speed of 160 km per hour and the operational range without refueling is 600 km. The trains launched by Germany have a record of 1175 km range set. The Indian Railway on the other hand is moving fast to induct the ‘World’s Greenest Train’ soon. India will get its first-ever Indigenous Hydrogen trains by December 2023. Railway Minister Ashwini Vaishnav informed that Indian Railways is working on new environment-friendly trains and the engineers are designing them.

  • The hydrogen train was developed ok the basis of a high-speed platform and includes 4 cars with it.
  • CRRC also introduced such a shunting locomotive in 2021 and hydrogen trams were produced earlier in the mid-2010s.
  • The train will also get Digital solutions from the CRRC including GoA2 automation, component monitoring sensors, and 5G data transmission equipment.
  • It is expected that the operation of the train will reduce CO2 emissions compared to diesel traction by 10 tons per year.

Germany became the first country to operate the world’s first-ever hydrogen-powered passenger train fleet. The German government has informed that 15 diesel trains will be replaced. These trains were previously being operated on tracks that lacked electric supply in Lower Saxony, Germany. The fleet comprises 14 trains, which use fuel cells to generate power, making it the cleanest-greenest train fleet ever.

5. Siddeshwara Swamiji, who has been passed away, was one of the prominent Lingayat seers in which Indian states?

  1. Kerala
  2. Karnataka
  3. Andra Pradesh
  4. Tamil Nadu
  5. None of these

Show Correct Answers

Correct Answer:  B. Karnataka

Explanation:  Siddeshwara Swamiji, one of the prominent Lingayat seers in Karnataka, has been passed away at the age of 82 at Jnanayogashrama. He was born and brought up in Bijjaragi, Vijayapura in Karnataka. He was often referred to as the ‘Walking God of North Karnataka’. He was ordained as a math seer by his guru, Vedanta Kesari Sri Mallikarjuna Mahashivayogi. In 2018, he refused to accept the Padma Shri award.

6. Which of the following year was announced as the “International Year of millets”?

  1. 2023
  2. 2025
  3. 2023
  4. 2024
  5. None of these

Show Correct Answers

Correct Answer:  C. 2023

Explanation:  The Government of India sponsored the proposal for International Year of Millets (IYM) 2023 which was accepted by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). The declaration has been instrumental for the Government of India to be at the forefront in celebrating the IYM. PM Narendra Modi has also shared his vision to make IYM 2023 a ‘People’s Movement’ alongside positioning India as the ‘Global Hub for Millets’.

  • Recognising the enormous potential of Millets, which also aligns with several UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Government of India (GoI) has prioritized Millets. In April 2018, Millets were rebranded as “Nutri Cereals”, followed by the year 2018 being declared as the National Year of Millets, aiming at larger promotion and demand generation. The global millets market is projected to register a CAGR of 4.5% during the forecast period between 2021-2026.
  • On 6thDecember 2022, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, organized an opening ceremony for the International Year of Millets – 2023 at Rome, Italy. The event was attended by a delegation of senior government officials from India. Next in the series, prior to the year-long celebration of ‘International Year of Millets (IYM) 2023’, the Department of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare hosted a special ‘Millet Luncheon’ for the Members of the Parliament at the Parliament house.

Millet is a common term for categorising small-seeded grasses that are often called Nutri-cereals. Some of them are sorghum (jowar), pearl millet (bajra), finger millet (ragi), little millet (kutki), foxtail millet (kakun), proso millet (cheena), barnyard millet (sawa), and kodo millet (kodon). An essential staple cereal crop for millions of smallholder dryland farmers across Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, millets offer nutrition, resilience, income and livelihood for farmers, and have multiple uses such as food, feed, fodder, biofuels and brewing.

7. Which of the following country took over the leadership of the Asian Pacific Postal Union (APPU)?

  1. Thailand
  2. Singapore
  3. India
  4. Philippines
  5. None of these

Show Correct Answers

Correct Answer:  C. India

Explanation:  India will take over the leadership of Asian Pacific Postal Union having its Headquarters in Bangkok, Thailand from this month. APPU is an intergovernmental organization of 32-member countries of the Asian-Pacific region. The goal of APPU is to extend, facilitate and improve postal relations between member countries and to promote cooperation in the field of postal service.  Dr. Vinaya Prakash Singh, erstwhile Member (Personnel), Postal Services Board will take over the charge of Secretary General of the Union for a tenure of four years.

8. World Braille Day, marked on__________, emphasises the significance of Braille as a form of communication for the partially sighted and blind.

  1. 1st January
  2. 2nd January
  3. 3rd January
  4. 4th January
  5. None of these

Show Correct Answers

Correct Answer:  D. 4th January

Explanation:  World Braille Day, marked on January 4, emphasises the significance of Braille as a form of communication for the partially sighted and blind. The United Nations has been commemorating the day since 2019. World Braille Day also commemorates the birth anniversary of Louis Braille, who was born on January 4, 1809. After losing his sight during childhood, the French educator devised the Braille technique.

The purpose of the day is to raise awareness of the braille language, which attempts to bridge the gap among normal and differently-abled individuals. Coupvray, France, gave birth to the creator of an extensively adopted touch device enabling blind persons to read and write. Braille created a system of writing that employed, paradoxically, an awl-like instrument to punch symbols on a sheet that can be sensed and read by blind people after himself being irreparably blinded at the age of three in his father’s saddle-making factory. The method was generally neglected until Braille died in misery on January 6, 1852, in Paris, from illness. The United Nations declared January 4th as World Braille Day in a proclamation issued in 2018.

9. Recently, the Indian government has signed various loan agreements with _________________ to boost the infrastructure sector in Maharashtra, Assam, Tripura, and Chennai, Tamil Nadu.

  1. World Bank
  2. New Development Bank
  3. Asian Development Bank
  4. International Finance Corporation
  5. None of these

Show Correct Answers

Correct Answer:  C. Asian Development Bank

Explanation:  India has signed various loan agreements with the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to boost the infrastructure sector in the country. A loan agreement of 350 million US dollars was signed to improve connectivity in Maharashtra. Govt also signed agreement worth 300 million US dollars to upgrade over 300 Km of State highways and district roads in Assam. A 220 million dollar loan agreement was signed to improve energy security, and resilience of the power sector in Tripura. A loan agreement worth 350 million US dollars was signed to build new lines and improve the connectivity of the metro rail system in Chennai.

10. Recently, Sumitra Sen, who has passed away, was a noted exponent of __________.

  1. Pakhawaj
  2. Nadaswaram
  3. Harmonium
  4. Rabindra Sangeet
  5. None of these

Show Correct Answers

Correct Answer:  D. Rabindra Sangeet

Explanation:  Noted Rabindra Sangeet exponent, Sumitra Sen has passed away at the age of 89. She will be remembered for her rendition of songs like Jokhon Porbe Na Mor, Sokhi Vabona Kahare Bole and Mone Ki Dwidha. Her rendition of Aaj Jyotsna Raate Shobai Gechhe Bone in Ritwik Ghatak’s classic movie Komal Gandhar has remained a steadfast interpretation of the song. She was honoured with the Sangeet Mahasamman award by West Bengal government in 2012.

Rabindra Sangeet also known as Tagore Songs, are songs from the Indian subcontinent written and composed by the Bengali polymath Rabindranath Tagore, winner of the 1913 Nobel Prize in Literature. Rabindra Sangeet refers to the 2000 plus songs and poetry of love and devotion composed by Tagore. Out of these only 730 songs for which the bard had written the notations are currently sung. These songs are regarded as cultural treasures of Bengal in both West Bengal and the predominantly Muslim Bangladesh.

11. Sundaram Finance Limited has signed a corporate agency agreement with which of the following health insurance company to offer select range of indemnity plans to Sundaram Finance customers?

  1. TATA AIG
  2. ICICI Lombard
  3. Star Health and Allied Insurance
  4. Niva Bupa Health Insurance Company
  5. None of these

Show Correct Answers

Correct Answer:  D. Niva Bupa Health Insurance Company

Explanation:  Niva Bupa Health Insurance Company (formerly Max Bupa Health Insurance Company) has signed a corporate agency agreement with Sundaram Finance Limited. Sundaram Finance will use its network across the country to reach out to customers as part of this partnership. Niva Bupa’s select range of indemnity plans would be offered to Sundaram Finance’s growing customers.

12. Who among the following has authored of the book “Breaking Barriers: the Story of a Dalit Chief Secretary”?

  1. Smita Sabharwal
  2. U. Sagayam
  3. Kaki Madhava Rao
  4. Hari Chandana Dasari
  5. None of these

Show Correct Answers

Correct Answer:  C. Kaki Madhava Rao

Explanation:   Former IAS officer Kaki Madhava Rao has authored a new book titled “Breaking Barriers: the Story of a Dalit Chief Secretary” which addresses the details about the dynamics of civil services at the ground level and also fills the gap in the knowledge about micro policies and governance. The book is published by Emesco Books Private Limited. K Madhava Rao is a 1962 batch Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer, who retired as Chief Secretary of Andhra Pradesh (AP). He was born in Pedamaddali village of Krishna district, AP in 1939. He also served in the Reserve Bank of India(RBI) as a Director and as a member of a sub-committee, the Board for Financial Supervision.

  • The first chapter titled “Village Days” captures the very soul of the book.
  • Chapters 2,3,4, and 5 are full of details on his exposure to the national stage, a different world from rural Andhra Pradesh. The account here is of how a provincial young man matures into an adult in the world at large.
  • Chapters 6,7,8 and 9 cover broadly the socio-political aspects particularly in regard to administration at the de-centralised level and at the state level. The pulls and pressures, politics and economics, formal and informal aspects of the administration, are all captured here.
  • Chapters 10 and 11 deal with the political economy of the country in which politics and economics overlap significantly. They contain interactions with several leaders like Chenna Reddy, Vijaya Bhaskar Reddy, NT Rama Rao, N Chandrababu Naidu, N Janardhan Reddy, etc.

13. Who among the following has been appointed as CEO of the Fintech unicorn BharatPe?

  1. Ashok Kumar
  2. Nalin Negi
  3. Maju Kuruvilla
  4. Amrish Rau
  5. None of these

Show Correct Answers

Correct Answer:  B. Nalin Negi

Explanation:  Fintech unicorn BharatPe has appointed current chief financial officer Nalin Negi as the firm’s interim chief executive officer (CEO) until its board finds a replacement for Suhail Sameer, who stepped down from the position. Sameer took over as the CEO of BharatPe in August 2021, a year after he was appointed as the president of the company.

14. Which of the following companies has announced that it will acquire a 50 per cent stake in Gujarat-based Sosyo Hajoori Beverages?

  1. Godrej & Boyce
  2. Future Group India
  3. Reliance Consumer Products
  4. Aditya Birla Fashion & Retail Ltd.
  5. None of these

Show Correct Answers

Correct Answer:  C. Reliance Consumer Products

Explanation:  Reliance Consumer Products (RCP), the FMCG arm of Reliance Retail Ventures (RRV), has announced that it will acquire a 50 per cent stake in Gujarat-based Sosyo Hajoori Beverages, the owner of soft drink brand Sosyo. A product of the Swadeshi movement of the Indian independence struggle, Sosyo was established in 1923 by Abbas Abdulrahim Hajoori. Isha Ambani, executive director, RRV Abbas Hajoori, chairman, Sosyo Hajoori Beverages.

15. HDFC Bank has partnered with ____________ in the next phase of its digital transformation.

  1. Amazon
  2. Meta
  3. Google
  4. Microsoft
  5. None of these

Show Correct Answers

Correct Answer:  D. Microsoft

Explanation:  HDFC Bank, India’s largest private sector bank, is partnering with Microsoft in the next phase of its digital transformation journey and unlocking business value by transforming the application portfolio, modernizing the data landscape and securing the enterprise with Microsoft Cloud. HDFC Bank as a part of its Future Ready strategy is developing in house IPs as well as partnering with several companies including FinTechs’ to co -create technology IPs. HDFC Bank as a part of its Future Ready strategy is developing in house IPs as well as partnering with several companies including FinTechs’ to co -create technology IPs.

The bank will leverage Microsoft Azure to consolidate and modernize its enterprise data landscape through a Federated Data Lake to scale its information management capabilities across enterprise reporting, and advanced analytics using artificial intelligence. Built on Microsoft Azure stack, the solution will enable the bank to democratize and monetize its data landscape catering to several business units, spanning multiple systems, reports and processes. The solution powered by its unified architecture, collaborative engineering environment, industry-leading security and ecosystem of AI/ML based deep learning capabilities.

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