World Polio Day 24th October
World Polio Day 24th October. World Polio Day was established by Rotary International over a decade ago to commemorate the birth of Jonas Salk, who led the first team to develop a vaccine against poliomyelitis. Use of this inactivated poliovirus vaccine and subsequent widespread use of the oral poliovirus, developed by Albert Sabin, led to the establishment of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) in 1988. As of 2013, GPEI had reduced polio worldwide by 99%.
Polio is a crippling and potentially fatal infectious disease. There is no cure, but there are safe and effective vaccines. Polio can be prevented through immunization. Polio vaccine, given multiple times, almost always protects a child for life. The strategy to eradicate polio is therefore based on preventing infection by immunizing every child until transmission stops and the world is polio-free.
What is World Polio Day?
Poliomyelitis is a decapitating disease caused by the polio virus. This disease primarily affects children, particularly those below the age of 5. Various voluntary organizations have been working steadfastly against this illness.
What is the Importance of the day?
The importance of the day can be attributed to the journey of polio eradication that began in 1988 by Rotary International . The activities against polio are not restricted to 24th October alone and are spread out throughout the year. The outbreaks of this disease are now restricted to 3 countries, viz. Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria. The reported cases have also come down dramatically from 350,000 children a year, a decade ago to mere thousands today.
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