Vocabulary Words from The Times of India : Where We Top: Hope, Optimism

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Vocabulary Words from The Times of India. Welcome to the letsstudytogether.co online Editorial Vocabulary section. Here we are presenting you Vocabulary from TThe Times of India’s Editorial. This will help you to sail and score good marks in English Language section.

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Vocabulary Words from The Times of India

Where We Top: Hope, Optimism

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Mr India and Mrs Bharat go before a judge. After hearing Mr India’s testimony, the judge says, “It seems you are right.” But after Mrs Bharat presents her case, the judge says, “It seems you are right too.“ The court steno chronicling the case pipes up, “Judge, how can both be right?“ Judge: “Hmmm…you are right too.”

India speaks in many voices. India is also seen from many angles through many prisms and many eyes, making it hard to assess objectively. Famously it is said, “Whatever you can rightly say about India, the opposite is also true.”

Many see India at 70 as a stupendous success. The very survival of a young nation born of an old civilisation, derided by the racist-imperialist Winston Churchill as “a geographical term… no more a united nation than the Equator,” is accomplishment enough for most Indians and Indophiles. Some see India as being more united than,  the United Kingdom. That it has stuck steadfastly to its founding ideals ­ and civilizational underpinnings ­ and has thrived as a plural democracy in the face of many odds, occasional aberration aside, is cause for celebration. The rest is bonus.

Others see abject failure. A nation of immense promise at its birth, helmed by progressive visionaries, has muddled along in fits and starts wracked by internecine warfare involving regions, religion, caste, and class. From “functioning anarchy” it appears to have descended into anarchic functioning; a small affluent society has no eyes or ears for the large effluent ( Not developed) society. A country that has landed spacecraft on Moon and Mars cannot overcome its dismal infant mortality rates, its abysmal social practices, its infantile politics.

For these among other reasons, India is alternately admired and scorned venerated and derided outside India.

Hot Borders: At a moment when its borders are overheated, it is evident that one of India’s biggest failures in the global and regional domain has been its inability to arrive at settled boundaries with contentious neighbours ­ two in particular. Of course, it takes two to tango. No country can make peace ­ or concessions ­ unilaterally. But for a country of its size (and self-importance) India has been singularly lacking in sustained energy and focus to resolve an issue that would have allowed it to adequately parlay influence beyond its neighbourhood.

The result has been a country hamstrung in its attempted tryst with destiny, locked instead in seemingly petty neighbourhood squabbles. Compared to the immense skill with which it navigated the Cold War, where it managed not to antagonise or aggravate the United States excessively despite its non-aligned alignment with the former Soviet Union, New Delhi’s regional policy has been lackadaisical  ­ an approach bordering more on hope (that somehow the problems will disappear) than on purposeful urgency.

Second Failure: Some half century later, its two main borders still unsettled, India appears to have ceded its natural sphere of influence stretching from the Gulf and Africa to southeast Asia, to China. Our history textbooks are heavily centred on north to northwest India, all but ignoring peninsular ties around the Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea, and Bay of Bengal.Our singular obsession with Pakistan and its provocations has simply allowed China to get around us and get a lock on many countries where India has deeper roots.

Our biggest fiascos though have been domestic; our global slip-ups pale in comparison to the self-injury we have brought on ourselves with our inability to address basic issues relating to healthcare and sanitation, education and employment, infrastructure and development, all areas that countries (such as South Korea, Malaysia, Indonesia) with even lower metrics than India at the cusp of its Independence have improved dramatically to race ahead in the global economic sweepstakes. We are still playing catch-up.

There is in India a tendency to take comfort in small, sectoral successes: the fact that life expectancy and literacy have improved significantly since Independence; that agricultural production has increased so much that we are self-sufficient in foodgrains; that we have had signal successes in our nuclear and space programmes; that we are finally getting a decent communications and highway network. There is both self-gratification and self-glorification over all these admirable feats.

But as we are reminded every single day, our success is spotty and random. Our increased (low quality) life expectancy is weighted down by our grim infant mortality metrics, lower than that of sub-Saharan Africa, reflected in the unspeakable tragedy in Gorakhpur. With some of most fecund and arable lands and riverine systems in the world, we remain a low-yield agricultural society despite becoming self-sufficient in food, our messy market mechanisms making a meal of farm incomes. Our annual roadkill stats ­ more than 150,000 lives lost ­ would qualify as a genocide. Our cities and towns speak for themselves ­ grim, dirty, and chaotic ­ with not one qualifying to be worthy of a Top Ten tourist destination.

Where we top: Hope, optimism, and where both fail, a sense of resigned acceptance. Karma.

So how and what do we score for India given its dodgy record both on the domestic and global front? A 30/100 or a 70/100? A 100/100 we certainly aren’t (unless you are one of those delusional hyperpatriots working up a lather on social media), so a 50/100? It’s your call.

Purely subjectively, i’d go with 35100 (pass marks in Indian systems), with the reasonable prospects of nailing a first class, if not a distinction, if we act with urgency and purpose in the thirty years to our centennial. Happy Independence Day.

Magical Vocabulary from “The Times of India”

  1. Stupendous (adjective) अति विशाल / विस्मयकारी / आश्चर्यजनक :Very amazing, astonishing or overwhelming.

Synonyms: Amazing, astounding, astonishing, extraordinary, remarkable, phenomenal, staggering.

Example: The report finds that the cost of these disparities is stupendous .

  1. Aberration (noun) सामान्य से विचलन : A departure from what is normal, usual, or expected, typically one that is unwelcome.

Synonyms: Anomaly, deviation, departure from the norm, divergence, abnormality, irregularity, variation.

Example: He understood mathematically why a spherical mirror produces aberration .

  1. Internecine (adjective) परस्पर-विध्वंसी / घातक Destructive to both sides in a conflict.

Synonyms: Deadly, Fierce, Destructive, Ruinous, Pernicious.

Example: He was one internecine battle, and he became cruel to her because of it.

  1. Abysmal (adjective) अति-गहन/ बहुत खराब Extremely bad; appalling.

Synonyms: Very bad, dreadful, awful, terrible, frightful, atrocious, disgraceful, deplorable, shameful.

Example: The airline schedules are abysmal, and getting worse.

  1. Scorn (verb) तिरस्कार करना/उपहास करना : The state of being despised or dishonoured.

Synonyms: Deride, Mock, Disdain, Disparage, Scoff, despise, disdain, contemn.

Example: I was routinely ridiculed and scorned by conservatives and liberals alike.

  1. Parlay (verb) दाँव पर लगाना/ परिणत करना:Turn an initial stake or winnings from a previous bet into (a greater amount) by gambling.

Synonyms: Metamorphose, Construct, Renew.

Example: All that most of them can hope for is to parlay their film work into lucrative nude dancing careers or Internet fan sites.

  1. Lackadaisical (adjective) भावुक / लापरवाह/ उत्साह रहित :Lacking enthusiasm and determination; carelessly lazy.

Synonyms: lethargic, apathetic, listless, sluggish, spiritless, passionless, careless, lazy, lax, unenthusiastic.

Example: He still is too inconsistent and too lackadaisical .

  1. Fiasco (noun) असफलता / नाकामयाबी : A thing that is a complete failure, especially in a ludicrous or humiliating way.

Synonyms: Failure, disaster, catastrophe, debacle, shambles, farce, mess, wreck, flop, washout.

Example: The recent fiasco over parking charges has demonstrated their arrogance and incompetence.

  1. Fecund (adjective) उपजाऊ / उत्पादक :Producing or capable of producing an abundance of offspring or new growth; fertile.

Synonyms: Fertile, fruitful, productive, high-yielding, rich, lush, flourishing, thriving.

Example: A smart shopkeeper will seek fecund deals to enhance his wealth.

  1. Arable (adjective) कृषि-योग्य (of land) used or suitable for growing crops.

Synonyms: Farmable, Cultivatable, Tillable, Fertile, Productive.

Example: This area of the nation had once been an incredibly rich source of arable land.

  1. Dodgy (adjective) कुशल / कपटी / पैंतरेबाज़ Unsound, unstable, and unreliable.

Synonyms: Cunning, guileful, sly, tricky, wily, knavish, slick, tricksy, crafty.

Example: If some business at the margin gets turned away because it is slightly dodgy , then so be it.

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