Vocabulary from The Hindu Editorial : Perform or perish

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Vocabulary from The Hindu Editorial. Welcome to the letsstudytogether.co online Editorial Vocabulary section. Here we are presenting you Vocabulary from The Hindu Editorial from The Hindu Newspaper’s Editorial. This will help you to sail and score good marks in English Language section.

Monthly Editorial pages - July 2017


Vocabulary from The Hindu Editorial

Perform or perish: On the Cabinet reshuffle


A Cabinet reshuffle that was unusually free from political considerations.

For a change, performance, and not political expedience, seems to have dictated the nature and extent of the shuffle in the Council of Ministers. A few of the poor performers have been shown the door, notably Ministers of State Bandaru Dattatreya and Rajiv Pratap Rudy, and some of the better performers among the Ministers of State have been elevated to Cabinet rank, including Nirmala Sitharaman, Piyush Goyal and Dharmendra Pradhan. Kalraj Mishra probably lost out because of the age factor, an indication that Prime Minister Narendra Modi is serious about the 75-year-rule. Four of the entrants are former civil servants, and two of them, Hardeep Singh Puri and Alphons Kannanthanam, are not even MPs. As Ministers with independent charge, their mandate will be to single-mindedly focus on results without having to worry about nurturing a constituency or reporting to a career politician. After her eventful stint in the Commerce Ministry, Ms. Sitharaman was rewarded with the Defence Ministry, making her only the second woman after Indira Gandhi to hold the portfolio. But the choices are also an indication of the small talent pool before Mr. Modi. At the time he was sworn in, he included in his team Arun Jaitley and Smriti Irani despite their having lost in the Lok Sabha election. Manohar Parrikar was asked to resign as Chief Minister of Goa to assume responsibility as Defence Minister, only to be sent back after the BJP all but lost Goa in the Assembly election this year. V.K. Singh, a former Army Chief who joined the BJP just before he was given the party ticket, was made Minister of State for External Affairs. Suresh Prabhu, who was sidelined in the Shiv Sena, was persuaded to join the BJP and given the important portfolio of Railways. And now, despite his offer to resign after a series of rail accidents, he was asked to wait and then made Minister for Commerce and Industry.

Of course, it will be far from the truth to say that nothing but performance has mattered. Ms. Irani, who was moved out of the Human Resource Development Ministry after a string of controversies, retains the key Information and Broadcasting portfolio. Uma Bharti was divested of her pet portfolio of River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation but got Drinking Water and Sanitation instead. The mercurial Ms. Bharti would have been a difficult person to keep out, and the change of portfolios is a political compromise. However, by choosing to ignore the claims of the BJP’s allies, and by making no attempt to correct imbalances in regional representation, Mr. Modi succeeded in creating the impression that he had nothing in mind other than picking the best person for each job. In neglecting political claims he actually sent the political signal he wanted to: that he is his own man and that he will have the team he wants.




Magical Vocabulary from “The Hindu Editorial”

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Reshuffle (verb) फेरबदल : Reorganize or change the positions of (government appointees, members of a team, etc.).
Synonyms–  Reorganization, restructuring, change, rearrangement, shake-up.
Example– The team reshuffled its defensive line in an effort to get its most experienced players on the field.

Expedience (noun) फ़ायदा / लाभ/ मुनाफ़ा : The quality of being convenient and practical despite possibly being improper or immoral; convenience.
Synonyms –
Advantage, benefit, measure, tactic, method.
Example – 
As a matter of expedience,the government is not be announcing any new policies this year.

Dictate( Noun) हुक्मनामा / आज्ञापत्र : An order or principle that must be obeyed.
Synonyms
– Order, command, commandment, decree, edict, ruling, dictum, diktat, directive, direction.
Example – 
The school did not dictate what themes had to be followed or depicted.

Show the door (phrase)  निष्कासित करना – To make someone leave.
Synonyms –
dismiss, remove, expel.
Example – 
Deepa’s boss  was rude to my friends and she simply showed him the door.

Entrant (noun शामिल होनेवाला / सेवा आदि में प्रवेश करने वालाA person or group that enters or takes part in something.
Synonyms 
– New member, new arrival, beginner, newcomer, freshman, recruit, novice, neophyte, tenderfoot.
Example –
The Letsstudytogether.co is a new entrant into an established market.

Nurture (verb)  पालन – पोषण करनाThe process of caring for and encouraging the growth or development of someone or something
Synonyms 
– Encouragement, promotion, fostering, development, cultivation.
Example –
They also want to maintain their carefully nurtured relationships with individual solicitors.

Stint (noun)  कार्यकालA person’s fixed or allotted a particular job or in a particular place.
Synonyms
–   Run time, tenure of work, Incumbency session/spell.
Example –
The new council would be selected to a three-year stint beginning August 28, 2017.




String( Noun) शृंखला / तारHang (something) so that it stretches in a long line.
Synonyms
– Series, succession, chain, sequence, run, streak.
Example – 
Modi was first string on the varsity Make in India team.

Divest (verb)   वंचित करना / ले लेनाDeprive (someone) of power, rights, or possessions.
Synonyms –
Deprive of, strip of, dispossess of, rob of, cheat out of, trick out of.
Example –It was time to retire, so he began to divest himself of his businesses.

Mercurial (adjective) अस्थिर / चंचल(of a person) subject to sudden or unpredictable changes of mood or mind.
Synonyms –  
Volatile, capricious, temperamental, excitable, fickle, changeable, unpredictable, variable.
Example – 
Jeet’s mind is mercurial , but I like his company more than anything.


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