UNSC extends South Sudan arms embargo until May 2021
UNSC extends South Sudan arms embargo until May 2021

UNSC extends South Sudan arms embargo until May 2021

  • The U.N. Security Council approved a resolution Friday extending for a year an arms embargo on South Sudan and a travel ban and financial sanctions for targeted individuals, with Russia, China and South Africa abstaining.
  • The U.S.-drafted resolution welcomes “encouraging developments in South Sudan’s peace process,” including the beginning of the formation of a transitional government. But it also expresses “deep concern at continued fighting in South Sudan” and condemns violations of the peace deal and cessation of hostilities agreement.
  • There were high hopes that South Sudan would have peace and stability after gaining its long-fought independence from neighboring Sudan in 2011. But the world’s youngest nation slid into ethnic violence in December 2013, when forces loyal to President Salva Kiir, a Dinka, started battling those loyal to Riek Machar, his former vice president who belongs to the Nuer people.
  • Numerous attempts at peace failed, including a deal that saw Mr. Machar return as vice president in 2016 only to flee the country months later amid fresh fighting. The civil war has killed nearly 400,000 people and displaced millions.
  • Intense international pressure followed the most recent peace deal in 2018, and on Feb. 22 a coalition government led by Mr. Kiir, with Mr. Machar as his deputy, was formed.
  • The resolution urges South Sudan’s leaders to finalize establishment of the transitional national unity government and fully implement all provisions of the 2018 peace agreement, including allowing unhindered humanitarian access to deliver aid.
  • The resolution recognizes that violence has been reduced since the peace deal was signed, that the cease-fire is being upheld in most of the country, and that the transitional government is striving to address the coronavirus pandemic.
  • But it reiterates the council’s concern at the political, security, economic and humanitarian situation in South Sudan and strongly condemns human rights violations, including “harassment and targeting of civil society, humanitarian personnel and journalists.” It also expresses “deep concern at reports of misappropriation of funds that undermine the stability and security of South Sudan.”

About South Sudan-

  • South Sudan, officially known as the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa.
  • Capital– Juba
  • Currency– South Sudanese Pound
  • President– Salva Kiir Mayardit

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