The Indian Express Editorial with Vocabulary 3rd November 2017

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The Indian Express Editorial with Vocabulary 3rd November 2017

Take it slow


Government will need to curb its zeal on Aadhaar till the constitutional bench gives its verdict.

Last week, the Supreme Court asked the government if it was forcing citizens to link their mobiles and bank accounts with Aadhaar. The Attorney General’s answer to this straightforward question did not satisfy the court. “There would be no coercion,” K.K. Venugopal told the court. But he refused to give a written undertaking ruling out punitive measures against those who default on the December 31 deadline to link the two essential services with Aadhaar. The government’s equivocation has pushed the apex court into constituting a five-member constitutional bench that will examine the validity of Aadhaar. On Monday, a three-judge bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra said the constitutional bench will begin its hearing in the last week of November. Till the bench delivers its verdict, the government should suspend its drive to link Aadhaar with mobile numbers and bank accounts.

The litigation against Aadhaar has seemed at odds with the government’s implementation of the scheme. In 2015, a constitutional bench declared “the Aadhaar card was purely voluntary”. It also ruled that the scheme should continue to be voluntary till a larger bench decided whether Aadhaar violated the privacy of Indians. The court ruling and the evidently contentious nature of the scheme required the government to go slow on it. But the government started to implement the scheme aggressively after the verdict. Nervous about its lack of numbers in the Rajya Sabha, it pushed the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Bill as a money bill in the Lok Sabha in March last year. In doing so, the government not only lost an opportunity to effectively engage the Opposition on legislation with far-reaching implications for rights, accountability and the power of the state, it also heightened the building disquiet over invasion of privacy and misuse of data. Less than six months after Parliament passed the Aadhaar Act, banks were asked to distribute forms to link customers’ Aadhaar cards with their accounts. In March, the Department of Telecommunications directed all mobile service providers to re-verify existing customers using their Aadhaar number and biometric details.

In Supreme Court hearings in July and August on Aadhaar, Venugopal — as well as his predecessor Mukul Rohatgi — argued that privacy is not a fundamental right. But the apex court’s verdict in August in the privacy case has reinvigorated the debate. The government now has to satisfy the court that linking Aadhaar to the delivery of essential services fulfills the test of “reasonable restriction” on privacy. It must answer questions: Does sharing a person’s biometric data with a private entity, like a mobile service provider, violate her right to privacy? The five-judge bench constituted by the court on Monday is expected to give its ruling on these contentious issues. Till then, the government should proceed cautiously on Aadhaar.

Magical Vocabulary from “The Indian Express Editorial”

  1. Zeal (noun) उत्साह/ जोश :Great energy or enthusiasm in pursuit of a cause or an objective.

Synonyms:  Passion, ardor, love, fervor, fire, avidity, devotion, enthusiasm, eagerness, keenness.

Antonyms: Laziness, indifference, neglect.

Example: Today the more religious zeal a person has, the more selfish and heartless he is apt to be.

  1. Coercion (noun) ज़बरदस्ती / बलप्रयोग / दबाव: The practice of persuading someone to do something by using force or threats.

Synonyms: Force, compulsion, constraint, duress, oppression, enforcement, harassment, intimidation.

Antonyms: liberty, choice, will,

Example:  She denies the charge and has lodged a defence of marital coercion

  1. Undertaking (noun) दायित्व लेना/ आरंभ करना: Something undertaken; task, venture, or enterprise or commit oneself to and begin (an enterprise or responsibility); take on.

Synonyms: Pledge, agreement, promise, oath, covenant, vow, commitment, guarantee, assurance, contract.

Example: The buyer has to give an undertaking that the acquired business can meet its liabilities.

  1. Equivocation (noun) गोलमोल बात/ संदिग्धार्थता/ शब्दछल: The use of ambiguous language to conceal the truth or to avoid committing oneself; prevarication.

Synonyms: Prevarication, vagueness, ambiguity, indecision.

Antonyms: alacrity,clarity.

Example: He seemed to read her equivocation, and suggested that she stay.

  1. Litigation (noun) मुकदमेबाज़ी : The act or process of bringing or contesting a legal action in court.

Synonyms: Legal proceedings, legal action, lawsuit, legal dispute, legal case, case, suit, prosecution.

Antonyms: cohesion, accord.

Example: The unborn beneficiaries of the trust were also represented by their litigation friend.

  1. Disquiet (noun) घबराहट / परेशान करना / बेचैनी:A feeling or condition of anxiety or uneasiness.

Synonyms: Unease, uneasiness, worry, anxiety, anxiousness, concern, disquietude, perturbation.

Antonyms –Ease,  calm, comfort .

Example: Some users also expressed their disquiet at the changes on social media.

  1. Invasion (adjective) आक्रमण / चढ़ाई / लंघन An instance of invading a country or region with an armed force.

Synonyms: Occupation, capture, seizure, annexation, annexing, takeover, storming, incursion, attack.

Antonyms: Retreat, surrender, withdrawal.

Example: Once a peaceful region after the invasion , it has seen a rise in attacks in recent weeks.

  1. Reinvigorated (verb) पुनर्जीवित करना / फिर ताजा करना: To put vitality and vigour back into (someone or something) Or give new energy or strength to.

Synonyms: Refresh, renew, revive, rejuvenate.

Antonyms: Conclude, deplete.

Example: The County claimed that the project would help the public by reinvigorating the economy, increasing tax receipts, and generating jobs.

  1. Contentious (adjective) विवादास्पद:A issue causes a lot of disagreement or arguments or causing or likely to cause an argument; controversial.

Synonyms: Controversial, disputable, debatable, disputed, open to debate, vexed.

Antonyms: Agreeable ,peaceful ,amicable.

Example: The most contentious area is likely to be nuclear power.

  1. Voluntary (adjective) स्वैच्छिक / अपनी ही इच्छा से किया हुआ Performed, undertaken, or brought about by free choice, willingly, or without being asked.

Synonyms: Optional, discretionary, elective, noncompulsory, volitional, permissive.

Antonyms – involuntary,unwilling,compulsory,forced.

Example: Some companies did make voluntary contributions, though.


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