Daily Vocabulary Builder PDF - 29th April 2018
Daily Vocabulary Builder PDF - 29th April 2018

Daily Vocabulary Builder – The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary

The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary. Welcome to the www.letsstudytogether.co online editorial with vocabulary section. As we all know that now a day’s in All Banking Exams and other competitive exams most of the English Sections were taken from Editorial pages.

To help you in this part and to improve your score in English Section here we have provided you the Daily Vocabulary Builder PDF of The Hindu Editorial with VocabularyAspirants those who want to improve in English can read and download this The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary PDF. We will be updating daily by title “Daily Vocabulary Builder PDF “and make use of it.

The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary – “Master of The Next Steps”

With the notice for his impeachment rejected, Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra should proactively initiate reform.

In an unprecedented move, seven Opposition parties finally initiated the process to impeach the Chief Justice of India (CJI), Dipak Misra. Vice-President, and Rajya Sabha Chairman, Venkaiah Naidu has rejected the motion. Whether the Vice-President can himself examine the merits of the impeachment motion in itself is debatable as this is the job reserved for the inquiry committee under the Judges (Inquiry) Act,1968.. The matter may soon be in the Supreme Court. And if it is, the CJI should not constitute a Bench to hear this petition if the credibility of our judiciary is to be preserved.

On the Bench

One charge against Justice Mishra pertained to the arbitrary use of his powers as ‘master of the roster’. On April 11, a three-judge Bench headed by the CJI had given a judgment upholding absolute power of CJI in the constitution of benches. A similar order was passed by a five-judge Bench again headed by the CJI in November 2017, when for the first time in the Supreme Court’s history, administrative powers were used within 24 hours to overrule a judicial order of a Bench, in this case headed by Justice J. Chelameswar. Another two-judge Bench of Justices A.K. Sikri and Ashok Bhushan is scheduled to hear Shanti Bhushan’s petition later this week. Thus, Bench constitution is at the core of current crises and something must be done about it without attributing motives to the CJI.

“As a repository of constitutional trust, the Chief Justice is an institution in himself,” said Justice D.Y. Chandrachud, who authored the 16-page April 11 order. Thus we are told not to question the CJI’s decisions. But then by the same logic, is Rashtrapati Bhavan not an institution? Is the Prime Minister’s Office not an important institution of our democracy? Is Parliament not the most important institution? If the answer to these questions is in the positive, then how come decisions by these high constitutional functionaries are routinely struck down by the judges of High Courts and Supreme Court?

In fact if men were angels, there would be no need to limit the powers of public officials through constitutional means. Judges too are humans like us and thus are fallible. Judges are our last resort against governmental authoritarianism and that’s why they must be insulated from the governmental control. But similar protection at times may be needed against at least the ‘administrative actions’ of Chief Justices. Thus if civil liberties are seen to be under threat due to potential abuse of powers by Chief Justices, a review of earlier judgments like Prakash Chand (1998) that held the Chief Justice as an ‘absolute’ master of the roster should be urgently taken up.

Constitutionally speaking, the judiciary is not ‘state’ under Article 12. But in Naresh S. Mirajkar (1967), the apex court itself made a distinction between ‘judicial’ and ‘administrative’ powers of the court. Thus when the CJI acts in his ‘administrative’ capacity, his actions are certainly subject to fundamental rights, including the right to equality.

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On equality

Right to equality includes right against In E.P. Royappa (1973), the Supreme Court itself expanded the protection of equality when it observed that “From a positivistic point of view, equality is antithetic to arbitrariness. In fact equality and arbitrariness are sworn enemies; one belongs to the rule of law in a republic while the other, to the whim and caprice of an absolute monarch.” In Tulsiram Patel (1985), the Supreme Court itself held that non-observance of the principles of natural justice too violates right to equality. Thus the CJI’s participation in cases about his own powers has not gone well with those who believe in the fundamental rule of natural justice that ‘no one shall be a judge in his own case’. His recusal could have enhanced his own credibility and saved the judiciary from the crises.

The Supreme Court Rules, 2013, framed under Article 145 of the Constitution, do state that CJI is master of rolls. But since constitution of Benches is an ‘administrative’ function, this function cannot be exercised at the CJI’s whims and wishes. Thus the cherry-picking in Bench constitution may not be violative of ‘the rule by law’ but is definitely contrary to the ideals of ‘the rule of law’. Spirit of law at times is more important than letter of law.

An interpretation accepting no limitations on the exercise of the powers of the CJI and justifying even power to act in an arbitrary manner means a re-writing of the entire jurisprudence developed by the Supreme Court on the exercise of ‘administrative discretion’. Isolated cases of even improper use of power should never be criticised, and the Vice President rejected the motion because of this. But if there is pattern in which Benches are being constituted, it is to be more closely examined.

In Prem Chand Garg (1962), the apex court held that rules made by the court violative of fundamental rights may be struck down as ultra vires of the Constitution. Thus if the rule of the CJI being master of rolls is used in an arbitrary manner, such a rule should either be read down or there should be safeguards built into it.

Certainly, all judges are equal and seniority has no bearing on the constitution of Benches. But then equality also means that senior judges be treated equally with junior judges. Their exclusion from all constitutional Benches has certainly sent the wrong signals. Since in the roster prepared by the CJI after the press conference by four senior-most judges, some subjects have been assigned to more than one judge, the CJI again decides on his own who gets which matters and thus has not in any way improved the situation in reducing his discretion. Moreover, all important matters have been reserved for the CJI.

Amend the Rules

The CJI yet again has this opportunity today which he should proactively use to bring in real reforms by amending the Supreme Court Rules on constitution of Benches. Any CJI would have a fairly good idea about the ideological positions of all the brother judges and therefore even if there is no malice on his part, he can always constitute a Bench with judges who are likely to go this way or that. This power therefore has a huge impact on the justice delivery system. In the wake of the current crises, some mechanism can be evolved to ensure that one individual does not have absolute power to make or unmake Benches. We may disagree with a number of judicial and administrative decisions of the CJI. But none of his actions can really amount to ‘incapacity or proved misbehaviour’, i.e. grounds of impeachment, and thus the rejection of the notice by the Vice-President.

Let the CJI himself come forward in leading the process of developing the mechanism that will exclude the remotest possibility of arbitrariness by future CJIs.

Vocabulary Words from The Hindu Editorial

1. Pertain(verb) सरोकार रखना/ संबद्ध होना : be appropriate, related, or applicable to (to belong; be connected or associated; be a part, accessory, etc.)

Synonyms: Appertain, Associate, Concern, Relate

Antonyms: Apocarpous, Separate, Disengage, Aloof

Example: You want the answers to any questions you have pertaining to your venture.

2. Repository(noun) भंडार गृह/ कोष :  A location for storage, often for safety or preservation. (A repository is a place where something is kept safely.)

Synonyms:  Archive, Coffers, Vault, Storehouse

Example: Gradually the house becomes a repository for the narrative of our lives.

3. Fallible(adjective) अविश्वसनीय/ भ्रमशील : Capable of making mistakes or being wrong. (If you say that someone or something is fallible, you mean that they are not perfect and are likely to make mistakes or to fail in what they are doing.)

Synonyms:  Deceptive, Imperfect, Untrustworthy, Heedless

Antonyms: Perfect, Infallible, Definite, Reliable, Unerring

Example: It was only his imagination, fallible and untrustworthy, that had caused his anxiety.

4. Arbitrariness(noun) मनमानी करना/ निरंकुशता : The quality of being based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system. ( based on one’s preference, notion, whim, etc.; capricious)

Synonyms:  Caprice, Illogicality, Vagrancy, Autocracy

Antonyms: Fair, Impartial, Reasonable, Ethical

Example: It makes what appear to be arbitrary choices between alternative possibilities..

5. Antithetic (adjective) विरोधात्मक Directly opposed or contrasted; mutually incompatible. (Something that is antithetical to something else is the opposite of it and is unable to exist with it.)

Synonyms:  Conflicting, Contrary, Adverse, Antagonistic

Antonyms: Harmonious, Same, Similar, Confirming, Reconcilable

Example: It’s certainly antithetical to left wing politics, which requires you to remain engaged and would require the artist to include politics in his art.

6. Interpretation(noun) विवेचन/ व्याख्या /अर्थ:  An explanation or way of explaining. (the act or process of interpreting or explaining; elucidation)

Synonyms: Analysis, Clarification, Explanation, Perception, Apprehension

Antonyms: Complication, Ignorance, Misconception

Example: The previous interpretation of the law was fairly easy to follow.

7. Discretion(noun) कार्य-स्वतंत्रता/ विवेकाधिकार / बुद्धिमानी : The quality of behaving or speaking in such a way as to avoid causing offence or revealing confidential information. (the freedom or authority to make decisions and choices; power to judge or act)

Synonyms:  Prudence, Wisdom, Intelligence, Sapience

Antonyms: Disregard, Ignorance, Indiscretion, Indiscretion, Heedlessness

Example: The remuneration committee used its discretion and approved the awards.

8. Exclusion(noun) बहिष्करण/ निषेध : The process of excluding or the state of being excluded (The exclusion of something is the act of deliberately not using, allowing, or considering it.)

Synonyms: Boycott, Elimination, Embargo, Omission, Segregation, Dismissal

Antonyms: Admittance, Inclusion, Permission, Sanction

Example: The Panel agreed that permanent exclusion would have a highly detrimental effect on him at the present time.

9. Malice(noun) द्वेष / दुर्भावना : The desire to harm someone; ill will. (Malice is behaviour that is intended to harm people or their reputations, or cause them embarrassment and upset.)

Synonyms:  Hatred, Malevolence, Malignity, Resentment, Animosity

Antonyms: Friendliness, Amicability, Amicableness

Example: I bear no malice towards your people.

10. Distinction(noun) विशिष्टता/ भेदभाव :  A difference or contrast between similar things or people.

Synonyms:  Contrast, Difference, Discrepancy, Discrimination, Separation

Antonyms: Similarity, Accord, Uniformity, Likeness

Example: They also add that a clear distinction will be made between freedom of movement and freedom to work.

11. Impeachment (noun) दोषारोपण / महाभियोग:  The impeachment of a senior official is the process of charging them with a crime which makes them unfit for office.

Synonyms:  Diatrible, arraignment, prosecution, allegation, presentment.

Antonyms: Exoneration, absolution, acquittal, praise.

Example: She has been suspended from office and her impeachment trial is set to take place during the Olympics.

12. Proactive (adjective) सक्रिय,/क्रियात्मक:  (of a person, policy, or action) creating or controlling a situation by causing something to happen rather than responding to it after it has happened.

Synonyms:  Enterprising, take-charge, energetic, driven, bold, dynamic, motivated.

Antonyms: Indifferent, unenthusiastic, unfaithful, lethargic.

Example: It requires a proactive approach and an international footprint.

Word of the Day –  “Subvention”

  • Subvention (noun) आर्थिक/वित्तीय सहायता, अनुदान, परिदान, इमदाद, राजकीय सहायता
  • Meaning:-  A grant, aid, or subsidy, as from a government to an educational institution.
  • Synonyms: Subvent, underwrite, appropriation, subsidy, privilege.
  • Antonym: Disadvantage, repudiation, refusal, denial.
  • Example: In whole of the Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh , the Governments are offering subventions to their farmers on regular basis.
  • उदाहरण: पूरे राजस्थान और उत्तर प्रदेश में सरकारें अपने किसानों को नियमित रूप से आर्थिक सहायता प्रदान कर रही हैं।

Quote of the Day

“The self is not something ready-made but something in continuous formation through choice of action.” john Dewey

“स्वत्व (आत्म तत्व) कोई बनी बनाई वस्तु नहीं होती है, कर्म के चयन के परिणाम स्वरूप इसका निरन्तर निर्माण करना पड़ता है।” जॉन ड्यूई

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