Daily Vocabulary Builder – The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary
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The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary – Tibet Is Not a Card
India must refresh its overseas China policy and its domestic engagement with the Tibetan community.
The government’s bid to ease tensions with China has been met with some criticism, particularly over a leaked memo to officials telling them to stay away from events that commemorate the 60th anniversary of the Dalai Lama’s 1959 flight to India. This has led to the cancellation of several public events related to Tibet. Much of the criticism stems from the perception that the government is attempting to appease China by giving up its “Tibet card”. Clearly, giving in to China’s aggression on the subject is the wrong pretext to nuance its Tibet policy, and as the government has said, where the Dalai Lama goes within India is a sovereign issue. However, the bigger error may be for the government to be using Tibetan refugees in India as a card in its relations with China.
To begin with, ties between New Delhi and Beijing have deteriorated over the past few years for a number of reasons unconnected to the Dalai Lama and the Tibetan population in India: border incursions, including the standoff at the part of Doklam claimed by Bhutan; India’s strategic shift in line with the U.S.’s Indo-Pacific pivot that targets China; China’s ‘deep-pocket’ inroads into South Asia; and differences on the international stage, including over the Nuclear Suppliers Group membership and terror designations to Masood Azhar. It would be simplistic to assume that these problems would go away if India were to make the Tibetan community and its leader less visible. Therefore, while it is a mistake to play every visit of the Dalai Lama or official meeting with the leader of the ‘Tibetan government-in-exile’, Lobsang Sangay, as a ‘challenge to China’, it is equally ridiculous to portray strictures on their activities as a ‘peace offering to Beijing’.
Second, while Indian strategists have handed down the idea of a Tibet card for decades, it is time to revise this policy with a thorough evaluation of the ground, from New Delhi to Beijing and Lhasa to Dharamshala. For starters, the landscape of Tibet, now crisscrossed with railway lines, super-speed highways, tunnels and airports, has changed drastically in the past two decades. While many have written about the Beijing-Lhasa railway line, the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) now sees many more such engineering marvels albeitat the cost of its environment), and downtown Lhasa has all the of a modern city. All of this has made Tibet more self-reliant, with more jobs for the next generation. There’s an ongoing demographic shift in Tibet, with Beijing populating areas with majority ‘Han’ Chinese workers, encouraging mixed marriages, and mainstreaming Chinese culture into the region. At the same time, the outflow of refugees from Tibet has been curtailed by the Chinese authorities over the last decade, mainly by convincing Nepal to close a popular route. As a result, the number of new arrivals from Tibet into Dharamshala is down to a trickle and the once bustling informal trade route between India and Tibet has also dried up. Bollywood DVDs, once easily available in Lhasa’s bustling markets, have been replaced by Chinese and Tibetan films.
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The new reality means that India’s population of the 100,000 or so registered Tibetan refugees are more cut off from developments in their homeland than ever before. New generations of Tibetans born in India are brought up as exiles, without a real sense of what Tibet may actually be like, should they ever return. As most live separately in about 40 settlements around India, they also have a tenuous link to the host country itself. The government’s attitude towards giving them citizenship has been stern, although it lost its case in the Delhi High Court (Namgyal Dolkar v. Government of India) and must give citizenship to all Tibetan refugees born between 1950 and 1987, the cut-off year. It will be equally important to devise a mechanism for those born after 1987, many now in their twenties, living in this limbo.
The bigger question that looms over the community is that of its future leadership. During his lifetime, the Dalai Lama has been a unifying force, guiding the community through their struggle in a peaceful manner, while accepting an autonomous Tibet as a part of China. While his spiritual incarnation will be chosen through a religious process, his political successor presents a more difficult task — he or she needs to be both groomed and publicly presented to the community at the earliest. The Dalai Lama himself has retained an air of mystery on the subject, suggesting at different times that his successor may be a woman, one born in a “free” land, or there may be none at all. Another possible leader, Ogyen Trinley Dorje, recognised by the Dalai Lama as the head of the Karma Kagyu sect after he escaped to Dharamshala in 2000, has been abroad for the past year. A cryptic message from his office says he will remain in the U.S. for “rest and recovery” from undisclosed “health concerns”, with no word on when he may return to India. The Central Tibetan Administration (CTA), which is empowered to run affairs and is headed by Mr. Sangay, may be the more democratic option, but it will need to carry the entire community with it. For the moment, the CTA is following a “five-50” path, to pursue talks with China in the next five years, while committing to a struggle for a more autonomous Tibet in the next 50 years. However, the past few years have seen a rise in the younger and more radical “Rangtsen” (freedom) groups that says they will settle for nothing short of an independent Tibet.
As a result, the government’s misgivings about officials attending the “Thank You, India” events with the Dalai Lama are minor compared to worries about the more restive Tibetan Youth Congress’s “Bharat Jagran Yatra”, with rallies in several cities across the country to “raise awareness for a free Tibet”. In his lifetime, there is no question that the Dalai Lama holds sway over the whole community; after him, the direction the community takes will be of vital interest to India as well.
Of equal interest are possible talks between the Dalai Lama and the Chinese government. Reports that the Dalai Lama’s special emissary, Samdhong Rinpoche, travelled to Yunnan last year have fuelled rumours that the Dalai Lama is preparing to re-enter talks with China, that were dropped in 2010. Chinese President Xi Jinping, who has now secured his position for the foreseeable future, may well take a more proactive interest in the Tibet issue, which his father once discussed with the Dalai Lama.
In short, the idea that India holds the “Tibet card” is out of step with all the shifts on the ground, and the government needs a proactive policy that takes into account these new realities. There is an urgent need for community outreach, surveys and a referendum, if necessary, to map what the Tibetan community in India wants in its future. For those who want to make India a permanent home, especially those in the new generation, India must reconsider its citizenship laws. Above all, the Indian foreign policy establishment needs to stop seeing the Tibetan population in India as a strategic tool.
Vocabulary Words from The Hindu Editorial
1. Cmmemorate (verb) अभिनंदन करना/ उत्सव मनाना : Recall and show respect for (someone or something) in a ceremony.
Synonyms: Celebrate, Pay Homage To, Honour
Antonyms: Mournful, Unhappy, Melancholy
Example: Together with many of his old comrades and his wife, Stella, Peter will be at a ceremony in Westminster to commemorate the anniversary of the battle.
2. Incursion (noun) यकायक आक्रमण/ अचानक हमला: A sudden invasion, attack, or raid.
Synonyms: Attack, Infiltration, Invasion
Antonyms: Retreat, Defend, Recoil
Example: “There is an incursion happening at the western end of the Perimeter right now,” he said.
3. Standoff (noun) गतिरोध/ तटस्थ बनाना / रूखा : A standoff is a situation in which neither of two opposing groups or forces will make a move until the other one does something, so nothing can happen until one of them gives way.
Synonyms: Deadlock, Stalemate, Impasse
Antonyms: Affable, Agreeable, Concordant
Example: The industry hopes the result will pave the way for an end to the standoff.
4. Stricture on (noun) निंदा, गुण–दोष की व्याख्या : You can use strictures to refer to severe criticism or disapproval of something.
Synonyms: Criticism, Censure, Blame,Condemnation.
Antonyms: Gratitude, Praise, Accolade, Advocacy
Example: With similar financial strictures, he had hired a competent secretary for two days a week.
5. Albeit (conjunction) यद्यपि, हालांकि, तथापि : Although; even if: – You use albeit to introduce a fact or comment which reduces the force or significance of what you have just said.
Synonyms: Though, Even Though, However
Example: Technology is playing a key role, albeit a double-edged one
6. Downtown (noun) शहर का मध्यविंदु : Downtown places are in or towards the centre of a large town or city, where the shops and places of business are
Synonyms: Central Part, Business Area, Commercial Area (Of A City)
Antonyms: Suburbs, Outskirts, Purlieus
Example: Going online was expensive and the profit margins are narrower, made worse by an economic downtown.
7. Trappings (noun) ताम–झाम/ किसी विशेष स्थिति : The trappings of power, wealth, or a particular job are the extra things, such as decorations and luxury items, that go with it.
Synonyms: Outward Features, Frills, Extras, Ornaments, Decoration.
Example: The trappings of power, wealth, or a particular job are the extra things, such as decorations and luxury items, that go with it.
8. Bustling (adjective) हलचल/ एक ऊर्जावान या शोर तरीके से आगे बढ़ना : To hurry or cause to hurry with a great show of energy or activity.
Synonyms: Lively, Full of activity (of a place), Energetic, Hustling
Antonyms: Laziness, Inactive, Quiet, Dormant
Example: Perhaps you live in a city and crave a tranquil oasis that is an escape from the hustle and bustle of your surroundings.
9. Tenuous (adjective) तुच्छ/ सूक्ष्म/ हल्का : Of slight importance or significance; unsubstantial, If you describe something such as a connection, a reason, or someone’s position as tenuous, you mean that it is very uncertain or weak.
Synonyms: Weak, Fragile, Slender
Antonyms: Convincing, Substantial, Strong
Example: This tenuous link does not help me to be entirely clear as to the riddle’s solution.
10. Cryptic (adjective) छिपा हुआ/ गुप्त : Having a meaning that is mysterious or obscure. A cryptic remark or message contains a hidden meaning or is difficult to understand.
Synonyms: Mysterious, Hard To Understand, Puzzling, Enigmatic, Perplexing
Antonyms: Clear, Straightforward, Evident, Explicit
Example: You can find success in unlikely ways by working through cryptic clues.
Word of the Day – “Infallible”
- Incurious (adjective) अमोघ, अचूक, अपरिहार्य, अभ्रांत.
- Meaning:- A person or thing that is incapable of error or failure.
- Synonyms: Unerring, unfailing, faultless, flawless, impeccable, perfect, precise, accurate, meticulous, scrupulous.
- Antonyms: Erring, imperfect, fallible.
- Example: Can fingerprints at a crime scene still be considered infallible evidence?
- उदाहरण: क्या अपराध स्थल पर अंगुलियों के निशानों को अभी भी अमोघ साक्ष्य माना जा सकता है?
Quote of the Day
“Don’t waste time calculating your chances of success and failure. Just fix your aim and begin.” Guan Yin Tzu
“अपनी सफलता अथवा असफलता की संभावनाओं का आकलन करने में अपना समय नष्ट न करें। केवल अपना लक्ष्य निर्धारित करें और कार्य आरम्भ करें।” गुआन यिन त्ज़ू
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