Daily Vocabulary Builder – The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary
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The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary – Testing exam
The HRD Ministry must pull out all the stops to restore trust in the CBSE exam process. The Central Board of Secondary Education faces a serious erosion of credibility with the leak of its annual examination question papers on Economics for Class 12 and Mathematics for Class 10. Thousands of students are naturally frustrated that their best shot at these papers has come to nought; they must now make another strenuous effort in a re-examination. Clearly, the Ministry of Human Resource Development failed to assign top priority to secrecy and integrity of the process, considering that its standard operating procedure was easily breached, and the questions were circulated on instant messaging platforms. Yet, the problem is not new. State board question papers have been leaked in the past. When the HRD Ministry was asked in the Lok Sabha three years ago what it intended to do to secure the CBSE Class 12 and 10 examinations, Smriti Irani, who was the Minister then, asserted the inviolability of the process, since the question papers were sealed and stored in secret places and released to authorised officials with a window of only a few hours. In addition, the board has dedicated secrecy officers for each region. But the protocol has failed, and HRD Minister Prakash Javadekar should conduct a thorough inquiry to get at the truth and initiate remedial steps without delay. One of the options is to institute a National Testing Agency, although it was originally supposed to take charge of entrance examinations in the first phase. State school boards also need help to reform systems.
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A major leak such as the one that has hit the CBSE raises a question often debated in academic circles: is a high-stakes test the best option? To some sociologists, the use of a quantitative indicator with rising importance for social decision-making makes it more vulnerable to corruption pressures, and distorts and undermines the very processes it is intended to monitor. That seems to be an apt description of what has taken place. Today, what is needed is a credible testing method to assess a student’s aptitude and learning. But the answer may lie not in one all-important examination, but in multiple assessments that achieve the same goal. Such an approach will end the scramble for high scores in a definitive board examination, and the exam stress that the government has been trying to alleviate. It will also limit the fallout of a leak. These and other options need to be debated by academic experts. More immediately, the CBSE has to restore faith in its processes. The board went into denial mode when the leaks were first reported, but subsequently decided to acknowledge the problem and ordered a fresh examination in the two subjects. In the current scheme, the annual exercise is all-important to students. Everything should be done to inspire total confidence in the board examinations.
Vocabulary Words from The Hindu Editorial
1. Breach (verb) उल्लंघन/ अतिक्रमण / नैतिकता या आचरण का कोड का उल्लंघन: A violation of an agreement, law, or code of ethics or conduct.
Synonyms: Contravention, Violation, Rupture, Transgression, Infringement
Antonyms: No infringement, Observance, Obedience, Abidance
Example: Officers would notify the association if they were called to a property on a matter which was in breach of tenancy agreements.
2. Inviolability (noun) अनुल्लंघनीयता / पवित्रता: Never to be broken, infringed, ignored or dishonoured /prohibiting violation; secure from destruction, violence, infringement, or desecration.
Synonyms: Inviolate, Sacred, Sacrosanct, Purity, Divinity
Antonyms: Profane, Appropriable, Blasphemous, Impious, Irreverent
Example: Unusually, what remained absolutely constant and inviolable was the ritual
3. Pull out all the stops (Idiom) कुछ हासिल करने के लिए प्रयास करना: To apply maximum effort; use everything possible.
Synonyms: Try Hard, Strive, Endeavour, Venture, Zeal
Antonyms: Drop, Give Up, Quit, Surrender, Relinquish, Forgo
Example: I’ve had to pull out all the stops to get away at all, there’s so much going on.
4. Come to naught (phrase) पूरी तरह से असफल होना / ध्वस्त होना: To come to nothing; be without result or fruition
Synonyms: Fruitless, Fail, In Vain, Wreck, Abort, Fizzle Out
Antonyms: Succeed, Thrive, Fruitful, Resurrection, Flourish
Example: All those hours I spent researching my graduate thesis have come to naught.
5. Strenuous (adjective) ज़ोरदार/जटिल/ अति उत्साही: Requiring or using great effort or exertion.
Synonyms: Arduous, Difficult, Hard, Taxing, Laborious, Toilsome, Exhausting
Antonyms: Easy, Effortless, Half-Hearted, Feeble, Facile
Example: They also can make users feel more aggressive and better able to perform strenuous physical activity.
6. Get at (phrasal verb) तक पहुँचने में सफल होना/ पकड़ना: To manage to reach or touch something/ to try to suggest something without saying it directly/to discover the true facts about something.
Synonyms: Access, Gain Access To, Get To, Reach, Approach,
Antonyms: Exclusion, Egress, Dismissal, Escape, Vent, Elimination
Example: He couldn’t begin to get at Ruhr, who had disappeared without the courtesy of a clue.
7. Vulnerable (adjective) आलोचनीय/ जो सहज में घायल हो सके/ क्षति होने की संभावना: Someone who is vulnerable is weak and without protection, with the result that they are easily hurt physically or emotionally.
Synonyms: Endangered, Unsafe, Unprotected Unguarded, Impuissant, Resistless
Antonyms: Well Protected, Invulnerable, Resilient, Invincible, Unbeatable
Example: There are times when it would be emotionally healthy to make yourself vulnerable and let people in.
8. Distort (verb) बिगाड़ना, विकृत करना: Change the form of (an electrical signal or sound wave) during transmission, amplification, or other processing
Synonyms: Misrepresent, Pervert, Twist, Falsify, Misreport, Deform
Antonyms: Accurate, Correct, Precise, Exact, Right,
Example: They said that it had printed false information to distort the facts.
9. Scramble (noun) हाथापाई / संघर्ष करना / अव्यवस्थित कार्यवाही : A difficult or hurried clamber up or over something.
Synonyms: Tussle, jostle, scrimmage, scuffle, struggle, free-for-all, competition, contention, vying.
Antonyms: Unscramble, Concord
Example: A rise in the number of expensive private fitness centres in Scotland has led to an unprecedented scramble for customers.
10. Fallout (noun) विवाद/किसी स्थिति या कार्रवाई के प्रतिकूल परिणाम : The adverse results of a situation or action.
Synonyms: Outgrowth, Consequence, Offshoot, Repercussion, Outcome, After-Effect
Antonyms: Cause, Origin, Source, Engender
Example: The prosecutors must also consider the possible negative economic fallout that likely will result at a time when the economy is already struggling.
Word of the Day – “Hostile”
- Hostile (adjective) शत्रुतापूर्ण, शत्रु, विरोधी, प्रतिपक्षी, प्रतिकूल, युद्ध संबंधी
- A hostile is a very angry or excited reaction by people to something
- Synonyms: Unfriendly, unkind, bitter, unsympathetic, malicious, vicious, rancorous, venomous, poisonous.
- Example: The region of north-eastern Kenya where at least 61 people were killed on Tuesday is one of the country’s most hostile and remote terrains, where rival groups often clash.
- उदाहरण: पूर्वोत्तर केन्या का वह क्षेत्र जहां पर पिछले मंगलवार को कम से कम 61 लोग मारे गए, देश के सर्वाधिक शत्रुतापूर्ण और दूरस्थ क्षेत्रों में से एक हैं, जहां पर विरोधी गुट अकसर युद्धरत रहते हैं।
Quote of the Day
“The pessimist complains about the wind; the optimist expects it to change; the realist adjusts the sails.” – William Arthur Ward
“निराशावादी व्यक्ति पवन के बारे में शिकायत करता है; आशावादी इसका रुख बदलने की आशा करता है; लेकिन यथार्थवादी पाल को अनुकूल बनाता है।” – विलियम आर्थर वार्ड
Daily Vocabulary Builder PDF – 3rd April 2018
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