Daily Vocabulary Builder – The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary
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The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary – Curbing The Khaps
Many crimes committed in the name of defending the honour of a caste, clan or family may have their origin in India’s abominable caste system, but there are other contributing factors as well. Entrenched social prejudices, feudal structures and patriarchal attitudes are behind what are referred to as ‘honour killings’. While these cannot be eradicated overnight through law or judicial diktat, it is inevitable that a stern law and order approach is adopted as the first step towards curbing groups that seek to enforce such medieval notions of ‘honour’ through murder or the threat of murder, or ostracization. It is in this context that the Supreme Court’s strident observations against khap panchayats and guidelines to deal with them acquire significance. It is not the first time that the apex court has voiced its strong disapproval of khaps, or village assemblies that assume the authority to discipline what they deem behaviour that offends their notions of honour. Previous judgments have made it clear that the life choices of individual adults, especially with regard to love and marriage, do not brook any sort of interference from any quarter. In the latest judgment, a three-judge Bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra has located the problem as one that violates the liberty and dignity of individuals, and something that requires preventive, remedial and punitive measures.
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The High Courts of Punjab and Haryana and Madras have laid down guidelines to the police on creating special cells and 24-hour helplines to provide assistance and protection to young couples. The Supreme Court has now gone a step further and asked the police to establish safe-houses for couples under threat. The direction asking police officers to try and persuade khaps to desist from making illegal decisions may appear soft. But in the same breath, the court has also empowered the police to prohibit such gatherings and effect preventive arrests. How far it is feasible to videograph the proceedings of such assemblies remains to be seen, but it may be a deterrent against any brazen flouting of the law. The verdict is also notable for dealing with some points made often in defence of khap panchayats, rejecting outright the claims that they were only engaged in raising awareness about permissible marriages, including inter-caste and inter-faith ones, and against sapinda and sagotra marriages. The court has rightly laid down that deciding what is permitted and what is not is the job of civil courts. While these guidelines, if they are adhered to, may have some salutary effect on society, the government should not remain content with asking the States to implement these norms. It should expedite its own efforts to bring in a comprehensive law to curb killings in the name of honour and to prohibit interference in the matrimonial choices of individuals.
Vocabulary Words from The Hindu Editorial
1. Abominable (adjective) घिनौना/ अप्रिय : Something that is abominable is very unpleasant or bad.
Synonyms: loathsome, detestable, hateful, odious, obnoxious, despicable, contemptible, damnable
Antonyms: Pleasant, Desirous, Honourable.
Example: The rooms were carefully examined, and results all pointed to an abominable crime.
2. Entrenched (adjective) आरोपित हुआ/ मोरचाबंदी करना : (of an attitude, habit, or belief) firmly established and difficult or unlikely to change; ingrained.
Synonyms: establish, settle, lodge, set, root, install, plant, embed, seat, enshrine
Antonyms: Changeable, Irresolute, Dislodge, Superficial
Example: We look forward to amendments further down the track to expand and entrench this legislation.
3. Prejudice (noun) पक्षपात/ पूर्वधारणा/ प्रतिकूल प्रभाव डालना: Preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience.
Synonyms: preconceived idea, preconception, prejudgment
Antonyms: Fairness, Impartiality, Indifference, Open-Mindedness, Neutrality
Example: It is one of the most misunderstood conditions in society, leaving sufferers facing prejudice on a daily basis.
4. Patriarchal (adjective) परिवार–पति या जाति सरदार संबंधी/ वंश या धर्म का प्रधान / पित्तंत्रात्मक : of, Relating to, or characteristic of a system of society or government controlled by men.
Synonyms: Patricentric, Paternal, Fatherly, Authoritarian,
Antonyms: Matriarchal, Maternal, Motherly
Example: She has totally internalised patriarchal values that are common to our society
5. Inevitable (adjective) अनिवार्य/ अटल/ अपरिहार्य : (Certain to happen; unavoidable.) (अपरिहार्य, अनिवार्य, अटल)
Synonyms: unavoidable, inescapable, inexorable, ineluctable, assured, certain, sure, fixed.
Antonyms: Avoidable, Escapable, Uncertain
Example: A strong Indian navy was expected by the public, as was the inevitable naval victory.
6. Ostracize (verb) बहिष्कृत / समाज से बाहर निकालना : Exclude from a society or group.
Synonyms: exclude, shun, spurn, cold-shoulder, reject, shut out, avoid, ignore, snub.
Antonyms: Include, Admit, Accept, Accede, Append
Example: I would hate to see the children ostracized because of their father’s activities.
7. Punitive (adjective) दंडात्मक : Relating to, involving, or with the intention of inflicting punishment.
Synonyms: Penal, disciplinary, corrective, correctional, retributive.
Antonyms: Rewarding, Beneficial
Example: Modern smokers are clearly able to ignore punitive taxes and health warnings on packaging.
8. Persuade (verb) राज़ी करना/ मनाना, फुसलाना : Cause (someone) to do something through reasoning or argument.
Synonyms: Prevail on, coax, convince, get, induce, win over, bring around, coerce, influence, sway.
Antonyms: Dissuade, Prevent
Example: Why would individuals expend effort to persuade an audience about something that it already believes?
9. Deterrent (noun) निवारक / निराश या हतोत्साह करनेवाला : A thing that discourages or is intended to discourage someone from doing something.
Synonyms: Disincentive, discouragement, damper, curb, check, restraint, obstacle, hindrance, impediment.
Antonyms: Encouragement, Incentive, Inducement, Fillip
Example: There is substantial doubt that capital punishment has any significant deterrent effect.
10. Brazen (adjective) निर्लज, बेशर्म : Bold and without shame.
Synonyms: Bold, shameless, unashamed, unabashed, unembarrassed, defiant, impudent, and impertinent.
Antonyms: Shame, Abashed, Embarrassed
Example: He was forced into an admission, including the use of 2,000 prepaid envelopes to send out the forgery, and hoped to brazen things out with an apology.
Word of the Day – “furore”
- furore (Noun) सनक, फितूर, तीव्र उत्तेजना, कोपावेश, गुस्सा, क्रोध, जोश, उमंग, शोर-शराबा
- A furore is a very angry or excited reaction by people to something
- Synonyms: Commotion, craze, rage, enthusiasm.
- Example: The book has been used for primary classes and has caused a furore in the north-eastern states, where more than 70% of the population is Christians.
- उदाहरण: पुस्तक का प्रयोग प्राथमिक कक्षाओं के लिए किया गया तथा इसके कारण उत्तर-पूर्व के राज्यों में काफी उत्तेजना फैल गई, जहां पर 70% जनसंख्या इसाईयों की है।
Quote of the Day
“The great thing in the world is not so much where we stand as in what direction we are moving.” – Oliver Wendell Holmes
“इस बात का अधिक महत्त्व नहीं है कि दुनिया में हम कहां खड़े हैं अपितु महत्त्व तो इस बात का है कि हम किस दिशा की तरफ अग्रसर हैं।” –ओलिवर वेन्डेल होम्स
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