Daily Vocabulary Builder – The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary
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The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary – “War For War: On U.S. Strikes On Syria”
With missile strikes, the United States has irresponsibly escalated the Syrian conflict.
By launching a missile attack on Syria, U.S. President Donald Trump has made good on his threat to use force if chemical weapons are used in the civil war-stricken country, but he has also escalated the devastating, multi-sided conflict. This is the second time Mr. Trump has ordered a missile attack on Syria. Last year, after a chemical attack in Idlib province, the U.S. fired 59 cruise missiles at an airbase of President Bashar al-Assad. This time, after a suspected chemical attack in Douma near Damascus, the U.K. and France joined hands with the U.S. to punish Mr. Assad’s regime. On Friday night, over 100 missiles targeted three regime facilities; with this, the Pentagon said, Syria’s chemical weapons programme has been gutted. While the use of chemical agents against civilians cannot and must not go unpunished, the manner in which the U.S. and its allies have acted raises serious questions. The U.S. undertook the strike before the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons even began its investigation in Douma to ascertain if chemical weapons had in fact been used. It should have waited till the inter-governmental watchdog completed its investigation and then presented the case for action in the UN Security Council with requisite evidence. By acting merely on the basis of inputs from their intelligence agencies, the U.S.-led alliance flouted international law.
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It is also doubtful if Mr. Trump’s “mission accomplished” bravado is justified. The fact that a provocation was perceived for a second strike within a year suggests that the first one failed to deter the Assad regime. On the other hand, Mr. Trump has dragged the U.S. deeper into the Syrian civil war. If there is a future chemical attack, either by Mr. Assad or by his rivals, the U.S. will be forced to act again, perhaps more harshly. Worryingly, every time the U.S. bombs Syria, the chances of a military confrontation in the country between the U.S. and Russia heighten, given that Moscow remains firmly behind Mr. Assad. What Syrians need is not more bombs and missiles, but an end to the war, which has killed at least 400,000 people in seven years. There is no dispute that Mr. Assad is presiding over a monstrous military machine that has used brute force against his own people. But the ground reality in Syria is so complex that a sudden collapse of the regime would push the country and the millions who live in relative stability in regime-held territories into further misery. That is the last thing anyone wants. The focus of the West needs to shift from unilateral military action to aggressive multilateral diplomacy to find an immediate end to violence and then a long-lasting political solution. For that, the U.S. and Russia have to work together under a UN mandate. There is no other path to peace in Syria.
Vocabulary Words from The Hindu Editorial
1. Conflict (noun) संघर्ष होना / टकराव: A serious disagreement or argument, typically a protracted one.
Synonyms: Dispute, quarrel, squabble, disagreement, dissension, clash, discord, friction, strife
Antonyms: Agreement, concord, harmony, calm.
Example: According to the deal, both sides should have withdrawn artillery from the conflict zone.
2. Made good on something (idiom) कुछ पर अच्छा बनाया/ कर के दिखाना : To fulfill an obligation, such as keeping a promise or paying a debt
Synonyms: Come Through, Fulfil, Deliver
Example: My grandfather said he would pay for me to go to college, and he made good on that promise.
3. Escalate (verb) तीव्र करना / तेजी से वृद्धि : To increase or be increased in extent, intensity, or magnitude (to grow or increase rapidly, often to the point of becoming unmanageable, as prices or wages).
Synonyms: Heighten, Strengthen, Intensify, Accelerate
Antonyms: Plunge, Decline, Decrease, Diminish
Example: “He was steaming, and I could tell from his tone that this argument was only going to escalate.
4. Gutted (adjective) निराश : Cause (someone) to feel extremely upset or disappointed. (you feel extremely disappointed or depressed about something that has happened.)
Synonyms: Devastated, Heart-Broken, Disappointed, Inconsolable
Antonyms: Pleased, Successful
Example: She said she was happy but gutted.
5. Watchdog (noun) प्रहरी/ रखवाली करने वाला : A group that watches the activities of a particular part of government in order to report illegal acts or problems/ maintain surveillance over (a person, activity, or situation)..
Synonyms: Ombudsman, Monitor, Scrutineer, Inspector, Observer, Supervisor,
Example: The hospital has been slammed by health watchdogs and patient groups.
6. Flout (verb) अनादर करना/ उल्लंघन करना : To intentionally not obey a rule, law, or custom & openly disregard (a rule, law or convention).
Synonyms: Ignore, Disregard, Despise , Neglect, Defy Violate
Antonyms: Obey, Approve, Observe
Example: The Government needs to bring in more stringent punishments for drivers who flout the law.
7. Bravado (noun) साहस प्रदर्शन/ वाहवाही: Bravado is an appearance of courage or confidence that someone shows in order to impress other people.
Synonyms: Boasting, Bombast, Bragging, Swagger, Machismo
Antonyms: Modesty, Cowardice, Bashfulness
Example: Unless you give some sort of rough chance, your apparent confidence is just bravado.
8. Deter (verb) रोक रखना/ निवारण करना/ प्रतिरोध करना: Discourage (someone) from doing something, typically by instilling doubt or fear of the consequences.
Synonyms: Prevent, Stop, Dissuade, Impede, Hinder, Restrain
Antonyms: Encourage, Advance, Instigate, Incite, Facilitate
Example: Government officials say that potential investors may be deterred by political instability if’No’ were to win.
9. Confrontation (noun) आमना–सामना/ मुक़ाबला : A hostile or argumentative meeting or situation between opposing parties. (a state of conflict between two antagonistic forces, creeds, or ideas etc)
Synonyms: Conflict, Clash, Brush, Fight, Battle, Contest, Encounter,
Antonyms: Concord, Harmony, Peace, Agreement
Example: My advice is to avoid confrontations at all costs.
10. Brute (adjective) निर्दयी/ कठोर :Great physical force or strength. (If you call someone, usually a man, a brute, you mean that they are rough, violent, and insensitive.
Synonyms: Atrocious, Barbarous, Brutal, Beastly, Bestial
Antonyms: Tender, Warm-Hearted, Humane, Merciful
Example: There was improvisation as well as brute force and timing.
11. Multilateral (adjective) बहुपक्षीय / बहुमुखी : Agreed upon or participated in by three or more parties, especially the governments of different countries.( Multilateral means involving at least three different groups of people or nations.)
Synonyms: Many-Sided, Multidimensional, Multifaceted
Antonyms: Unilateral, One-Sided, Separate, Independent
Example: The last 20 years have seen a change in the relative efficiency and effectiveness of multilateral and bilateral aid.
12. Mandate (noun) शासनादेश / आज्ञापत्र/ आदेश : The support or commission given to a government and its policies or an elected representative and his or her policies through an electoral victory
Synonyms: Instruction, directive, decree, command, order, injunction, edict, charge, commission.
Antonyms: Breach, request, refusal, question.
Example: No president for more than a century has assumed office with less of a popular mandate for his policies.
Word of the Day – “Pervert”
- Pervert (Verb) विकृत करना, दूषित करना, दुरुपयोग करना, दूषित करना, बिगाड़ना, भ्रष्ट करना, बिगाड़ना
- Meaning:- If you pervert something such as a process or society, you interfere with it so that it is not as good as it used to be or as it should be.
- Synonyms: Distort, corrupt, subvert, twist, bend, abuse, misapply, misuse, misrepresent, misinterpret.
- Antonyms: Make Useful, Innovative.
- Example: He is also charged with possession of a firearm and attempting to pervert the course of justice.
- उदाहरण: उसके विरूद्ध हथियार रखने और न्याय के मार्ग को विकृत करने का प्रयास करने का भी आरोप लगाया गया है।
Quote of the Day
“You cannot plough a field by turning it over in your mind.” Let’s Study Together
“आप खेत में बुवाई केवल सोचने भर से नहीं कर सकते हैं। (केवल सोचने से कुछ उपलब्धि प्राप्त नहीं होती है)” Let’s Study Together
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