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Reading Comprehension: Set – 45
Directions:(1-7)Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them.
The Working Group on Minorities at its Geneva session in May 2002 highlighted that constructive resolution of tensions involving minorities is by way of “integrating diversity”. This means that persons belonging to minorities acting alone or in a community should be given adequate opportunity to maintain and develop their distinct identities while at the same time participating in and making a contribution to the wider society and respecting the territorial integrity of the State.
Integrating diversity goes hand in hand with governance which is firmly grounded in international human rights law. This requires that States protect the rights of all those residing within their jurisdiction without distinction of any kind. It is immaterial whether these persons are recognized by the State as a national minority.
The Human Rights Committee functioning under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 has expressed the view that to secure State protection, members of the minority community need not be citizens of the country nor its permanent residents. The protection extends to migrant workers who constitute a minority.
In order to accord this protection, States should take special measures to ensure the existence of conditions for minorities to maintain and develop their own distinct cultural identities. More specifically, what is required is: (A) sensitivity to the needs, especially linguistic and educational, of persons belonging to minorities so as to enable each individual to develop his/ her identity; (B) allowing minorities the opportunity to participate effectively in public life, including the political decision- making process; and (C) providing minorities with access to a fair share of public goods, including economic opportunity.
Such measures do not constitute preferential treatment. Their aim is to achieve equal and meaningful enjoyment of above rights in order to ensure de facto equality.Nothing is impossible in the world of politics. States which were implacable foes and had their deadly missiles pointed at each other find themselves partners in military alliances. A NATO-Russian Council has been created within the Atlantic Alliance. Russia will have an equal voice on a predetermined number of issues that range from counter-terrorism to the spread of nuclear weapons. But Russia will have no possibility of blocking or vetoing decisions taken by the North Atlantic Council. Although Russia is not a full-fledged partner of NATO the spectacle of “two former foes now joined as partners, overcoming 50 years of division, and a decade of uncertainty” is heartening.
1.Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning of the word “accord” as used in the passage.
2.What should the state do to protect the rights of the minorities?
A. They should create institutional set-up to monitor the integration of diverse sub-cultures of minorities.
B. They should allow the Working Group on Minorities to come to the States and evaluate the conditions of minorities.
C. They should allow and facilitate minorities to maintain and develop their own distinct cultural identities.
D. They should join hands in the eradication of poverty among minority communities.
E. None of these.
3.What is the meaning of the term “integrating diversity” as used in the passage?
A. abandoning the minorities
B. achieving the objectives of Human Rights Committee
C. giving linguistic and educational independence to backward communities by making them empowered and bringing them into the national mainstream
D. giving minorities sufficient chances to maintain and develop their distinct identities
E. none of the above
4.Which of the following statements is/are true in the context of the passage?
(1) the Working Group on Minorities had met at Geneva in May 2002
(2) Integrating diversity means national solidarity and secularism
(3) integrating diversity and good governance are the two sides of the same coin
A. only (1).
B. only (2) and (3).
C. only (1) and (2).
D. only (1) and (3).
E. all (1), (2) and (3)
5.What special measures should the State take to accord protection to minorities?
A. Giving them preferential treatment
B. Giving them social and political rights
C. Providing them basic necessities of life.
D. Inculcating in them the national pride and sentiments.
E. Bringing them above the poverty line.
6.The term integrity diversity suggests that-
A. minorities have been subjected to social discrimination
B. minorities should make contribution to the wider society
C. conflicts involving minorities must be legalized.
D. minorities should be given preferential treatment.
E. Members of the minority community must be citizen of the country.
7.What is required of the State while maintaining integrating diversity?
A. Protect the right of all residing within their jurisdiction without distinction of any kind.
B. Provide employment opportunities to all as per the provisions in the constitution
C. States should clearly state their policies regarding minorities.
D. Formulate Human rights committee to supervise the status of minorities.
E. Safeguard their territorial integrity.