Paragraph Completion Questions for SBI PO/Clerk 2018

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Paragraph Completion Questions for SBI PO/Clerk 2018

Paragraph Completion Questions for Bank Exams. Welcome to the www.letsstudytogether.co online English section. If you are preparing for SBI PO/Clerk, IBPS, RBI, Insurance Exams 2018-19, you will come across a section on the English language. Here we are providing you Paragraph Completion Questions for upcoming SBI PO/Clerk 2018 based on the latest pattern of your daily practice.

Paragraph Completion Questions for SBI PO/Clerk 2018 will help you learn concepts on important topics in English Section.This “Paragraph Completion Questions “ is also important for other banking exams such as SBI PO/Clerk, IBPS, RBI, Insurance Exams and other competitive exams.

Paragraph Completion Questions for Bank Exam: Set – 1


Directions:(1-10) Each of the following questions has a paragraph from which one sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way. 

1. The government launched the “Housing For All by 2022” programme in 2015, with the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Pmay) as a key anchor scheme. ____________________________. Global examples indicate that affordable housing activities generate direct and indirect employment in the medium term and sustained consumption in the long term. A 2014 study by the National Council of Applied Economic Research indicates that every additional rupee of capital invested in the housing sector adds Rs1.54 to the gross domestic product (GDP) and every Rs1 lakh invested in residential housing creates 2.69 new jobs in the economy. 

A. Pmay envisages building 20 million urban units by 2022.

B. On the demand side, while overall economic growth will create the right enablers to stimulate demand, loans need to be provided at affordable rates.

C. By building a strong support system and hand-holding the real estate entrepreneurs, we could create an ecosystem of quality developers.

D. The lending institutions and credit rating agencies need to design new frameworks/rating scales that benchmark companies on such new capabilities.

E. For a national housing dream of such a magnitude to fructify, the entire housing ecosystem needs to be well developed and all the stakeholders need to share a unified vision.

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A. Pmay envisages building 20 million urban units by 2022.

The paragraph is about the programme “Housing For All by 2022” launched by government along with Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Pmay), generating direct and indirect employment as indicated by the National Council of Applied Economic Research. Hence the blank must be filled by the sentence that tells more about the scheme as mentioned in the above sentence of the blank. After reading all the sentences, we can conclude that sentence (A) talking about the Pmay scheme that envisions building 20 million urban units by 2022, is making the paragraph more complete and meaningful than other sentences. Hence option (A) is the best choice. 

2.Young and aspirational, the millennial generation that makes up about 40% of India’s population has long been regarded as the saviour and driver of future economic growth. Yet, the gap between the productive labour force and the employment and entrepreneurial opportunities available to them continues to widen. The fourth Industrial Revolution has already made its mark on certain sectors. ___.

A. Fulfilling the great expectations set for the MSDE seems unlikely unless certain changes are made.

B. To be fair, policymakers recognize the problem and have taken steps to combat it.

C. As technology continues to surge forward in leaps and bounds, both blue- and white-collar jobs will become increasingly sparse.

D. Much of India’s workforce is already hampered with outdated and irrelevant skills.

E. The economic turmoil that could be brought on by further large-scale disruption should be a cause of concern.

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E. The economic turmoil that could be brought on by further large-scale disruption should be a cause of concern.

In this paragraph, future economic growth has been discussed, that depends on the young generation. The sentences before the blank talks about the wide gap between productive labour force and the employment and entrepreneurial opportunities available. The success of the fourth Industrial Revolution has also been discussed. Hence the blank must be filled the sentence related to the economic condition. Going through all the sentences, we can infer that sentence (E) goes correctly with the paragraph that talks about the large-scale disruption causing economic turmoil. Hence sentence (E) is the correct choice. 

3.In the past few years, the slowdown in exports could be attributed at least in part to tepid global growth and falling trade intensity. However, this year, the global economy has seen a strong cyclical upturn across geographies and sectors, driven by stronger growth in investment, trade and industrial production. As per S&P Global estimates, global GDP is expected to reverse a two-year slowdown and grow 3.6% in 2017, higher than the 3.1% logged in 2016. __________________________________. In particular, the US and the euro area—India’s largest export destinations—are expected to grow by 70 basis points (bps) and 30 bps higher than in 2016, at 2.2% and 2.3%, respectively.

A. The impact shows in the exports of labour-intensive sectors, which mainly comprise SMEs.

B. The pickup is expected to be broad-based, across both advanced and emerging market economies.

C. The fastest growth in exports was achieved when the rupee was strengthening against the dollar.

D. Clearly, India has not been able to take advantage of the improving global environment, especially compared with its Asian peers.

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B. The pickup is expected to be broad-based, across both advanced and emerging market economies.

Here the theme of the paragraph revolves around the global economy depending upon the investment, trade and industrial production. The sentences before the blank is about the statistics of GDP growth in 2017 from 2016 whereas the sentences after the blank talks about the expected growth of export from previous year. Hence the blank must be filled by the sentence related to this economic growth. After reading all the sentences, we find that sentence (B) goes in agreement with the passage talking about the pick up of GDP, as discussed in its above sentence, which is expected to be broad based across both advanced and emerging market. Hence option (B) is the correct choice. 

4.Land and housing rights have been a contentious topic in Kyrgyzstan since the country achieved independence following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Although under Kyrgyz law the state is supposed to provide a free plot of land to every citizen, as Eurasianet notes, “In reality, a land-allocation process thick with corruption and bureaucratic obstacles awaits anyone attempting to claim his share.” As a result, while elites and those with access to them have acquired more than their fair share of land for housing and construction projects, the majority of the population has been left to fend for themselves, vulnerable to elite power plays and manipulation. __________.

A. In this context, land rights and housing issues have long been at the center of political controversy, particularly at times of upheaval

B. This is especially true in and around Bishkek, where prime land is very attractive and expensive due to plot scarcity and services availability.

C. In exchange for their support at crunch time for the then newly installed interim government, they expected to be rewarded with the same land for housing.

D. To this day, however, it has been impossible to establish exactly how many people participated in this scheme and the total sum that was collected.

E. Land rights and housing issues have long been at the center of political controversy, particularly at times of upheaval.

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B. This is especially true in and around Bishkek, where prime land is very attractive and expensive due to plot scarcity and services availability.

The paragraph talks about the unavailability of land to the Kyrgystan’s citizens that is supposed to provide free to every citizen under Kyrgyz law. Hence the blank must be filled by the sentence related to this theme. Going through all the sentences, we can conclude that sentence (B) goes in harmony with the paragraph talking about the attractive and expensive land because of plot scarcity in Bishkek. Hence option (B) is the correct choice. 

5.On October 8, 2005, a magnitude 7.6 earthquake rocked Kashmir, resulting in nearly 75,000 deaths, injuring more than 100,000 people, and causing extensive damage. Although the epicenter was on the border between the Pakistani- and Indian-administered portions of Kashmir, the quake and its aftershocks were felt across the region from Central Asia to China. The tremors of Kashmir also created volatility in the region’s already precarious security structure. _________.

A. The two countries nearly came to war in 1986-1987 and have engaged in numerous smaller border confrontations.

B. This is due to the overlapping territorial claims of India, Pakistan, and China.

C. Currently, Pakistan occupies about 78,114 sq. km and China about 42,685 sq. km (Aksai Chin), including 5,180 sq. km controversially ceded by Pakistan to China (Shaksam Valley) in 1964.

D. The planned corridor enters at the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Kashmir, which is controlled by Pakistan, but claimed by India.

E. The two countries nearly came to war in 1986-1987 and have engaged in numerous smaller border confrontations.

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B. This is due to the overlapping territorial claims of India, Pakistan, and China.

 The paragraph is about the earthquake occurred on October 8, 2005, that has affected Kashmir and its aftershocks been felt from across the region from Central Asia to China. The sentence before the blank talks about volatility created in Kashmir hence the blank must be filled by the sentence related to these arguments. Sentence (b) that talks about the reason behind the volatility in Kashmir are going appropriately with the paragraph. Hence option (b) is the correct choice.

6.Legend has it that during the 90 days of monsoon in Bihar, one of the largest and most densely populated states in India, an overflowing river wouldn’t dare touch the pole outside a rural house, where cattle would be tied. There were names for different levels of the water: water until the doorstep is termed baarh, water reaching the lower edge of the window is boh, cattle safely floating in the water is humma, water until the roof is saah, and water beyond the roof is pralay – best translated as “deluge.” __________

A. In each of these instances, life came to a standstill, and for long periods.

B. This year, floods in Bihar killed 370 people and rendered more than 12 million homeless.

C. The excess moisture would enable the cultivation of rabi (winter) crops, thus allowing for successful multi-cropping.

D. Until about 25 years ago, the rural and agrarian residents of Bihar welcomed this inundation of river water.

E. The water would stand still just for two-and-a-half days, and this would happen several times during the 90-day monsoon period.

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E. The water would stand still just for two-and-a-half days, and this would happen several times during the 90-day monsoon period.

The paragraph is all about the flood situation in Bihar during the 90 days of monsoon and the names given to different levels of the river water. The blank must be filled by the sentence related to this situation of Bihar. We can easily point out that sentence (E) is in harmony with the paragraph talking about the water level standing still. All other sentences are irrelevant.

7.No sooner had India wrapped up celebrations of its annual “Wildlife Week” (October 2-8) — spotlighting the richness and diversity of its flora and fauna — than the sensational conviction of a notorious group of Indian wildlife traffickers grabbed headlines. ______.But what had animal activists up in arms was the disproportionately small punishment (four years in jail) meted out to the criminals compared to the magnitude of the crime they had committed.

A. The gang was involved in smuggling the body parts of 125 tigers and 1,200 leopards.

B. This is not to suggest that India lacks a robust legal and policy framework to regulate and restrict the wildlife trade.

C. Blackbucks, blue bulls, chinkaras, elephants, leopards, rhinoceroses, spotted deer, and wild boars are all threatened.

D. The number of species that are poached or illegally traded in the country likewise trended upwards from 400 in 2014 to 465 in 2016, the book notes.

E. In 1997 a Tiger Conservation Program was added to bolster the protection of tiger activities in India and other Asian countries.

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A. The gang was involved in smuggling the body parts of 125 tigers and 1,200 leopards.

The paragraph revolves around the theme of protest against the traffickers who grabbed the public attention. The sentence before the blank discusses about wildlife traffickers grabbing attention while sentence after the blank talks about the punishment assigned to them. Hence the blank must be filled by the sentence talking about the traffickers activities. Sentence (A) talks about the smuggling by trafficker gang and is making the paragraph complete and meaningful. 

8.The highly lucrative whale shark watching business in Oslob has boosted the local economy, allowing former fishermen to earn around 1,500 pesos ($30) per day, more than ten times their daily earnings from before they switched to guiding tourists. Dozens of resorts and restaurants opened to accommodate the hordes of tourists that descend on the tiny town every day. Marcelo, a former fisherman turned guide, says that his family’s life is much better now than before, when the only activity was fishing. _________.

A. Unfortunately, as in most cases where mass tourism is present, not all is bright in the lives of Philippine whale sharks.

B. The whale shark ended up being a gold mine for the country’s tourism industry, and is even featured on national banknotes.

C. He is sending his children to university with the money earned from the whale shark tourism.

D. It is a problem of awareness and education of the local communities and tourists but also of creating national laws regulating the whale shark tourism.

E. By banning the fishing of the whale sharks and punishing illegal fishing, Philippines shifted towards eco-tourism, and the fishermen became tour guides.

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C. He is sending his children to university with the money earned from the whale shark tourism.

 The paragraph is about the boost in the business of whale watching in Oslob. The business of fisherman Marcelo has been described in the paragraph. The sentences above the blank is about the Fisherman that turned to guide has now better living standard. Hence the blank must be filled by the sentence discussing about the Marcelo’s improved life conditions. Sentence (c) is going correctly with the paragraph and hence is the right choice. 

9.That old access road was once a sealed highway that sliced through wilderness connecting Isaan with Bangkok. However, in the 1980s this forest block was declared a national park and a contiguous forest to the south was gazetted as a national park the following year. The road was then decommissioned in favor of wildlife, forming part of what is now known as the Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex, a UNESCO World Heritage site. ________. This sprawling tropical forest dodged a bullet with the closure of that road, though a highway, set to widen and upgrade, and a bullet train whizzing down from Yunnan, China will one day pass close.  

A. Most of the cameras were set up right on this old access road, which the jungle was reclaiming.

B. The dams will kill the Mekong and its tributaries, creating a series of stagnant toxic ponds behind their walls.

C. The entire region would, from an ecological standpoint, be laid to waste — wherever the canal is actually built.

D. An infrastructure bonanza like none the region has ever seen before looks set to fragment, dice up, and eat into some of the region’s last great wild places, and the prospects for the region’s natural heritage are grim.

E. This is one of the last places you’ll find a breeding population of Indochinese tigers.

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E. This is one of the last places you’ll find a breeding population of Indochinese tigers.

The paragraph is about the old access road that was once a sealed highway and then it was declared a national park and a contiguous forest. The sentences before the blank talks about the decommissioning of the road to wildlife while sentence after the blank talks about passing of the bullet train through the forest. Hence the blank must be filled by the sentence related to these statements. Going through the sentences, we can infer that sentence (E) goes correctly with the paragraph. Other sentences are irrelevant. 

10 .Kazakhstan’s track record in energy is famously linked to fossil fuels. The discovery of massive reserves of oil and gas in fields such as Tengiz and Kashagan in the late 1990s and early 2000s set the stage for robust economic development in Kazakhstan after the breakup of the Soviet Union. The country is also home to abundant quantities of anthracite and bituminous coal. _________. 

A. Competitive feed-in-tariffs were introduced in 2013 and subsequently refined, and a Green Economy law was enacted in 2015.

B. This first iteration was vague and lacked a strong regulatory component. Since then, however, existing legislation has been amended.

C. The first meaningful step was taken in 2009 when the Kazakh government adopted a law to support the development of renewable energy projects.

D. Indeed, some 75 percent of Kazakh electricity and heating is generated by coal plants located in close proximity to coal mines in northeast Kazakhstan.

E. Given these factors, it may come as news to some that Kazakhstan is also the leading proponent of renewable energy in Central Asia.

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D. Indeed, some 75 percent of Kazakh electricity and heating is generated by coal plants located in close proximity to coal mines in northeast Kazakhstan.

The paragraph revolves around the theme of Kazakhstan’s economic development through oil and gas reserves and through coal. The sentence before the blank talks about the abundant quantities of anthracite and bituminous coal in Kazakhstan which is responsible for country’s economic development and hence the blank must be filled by the sentence related to coal promoting the development of Kazakhstan. Sentence (d) talks about the production of electricity by coal supporting the development of the country and making it a correct choice.


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