Expected Reading Comprehension Questions
New Pattern Reading Comprehension for SBI PO/Clerk. Welcome to the www.letsstudytogether.co online English section. If you are preparing for SBI PO/Clerk & NABARD Grade A 2018 exam, you will come across a section on the English language. Here we are providing you New Pattern Reading Comprehension for SBI Clerk, IDBI Executive, and NABARD Grade A, based on the latest pattern of your daily practice.
Important Reading Comprehension Questions for SBI PO will help you learn concepts on important topics in English Section. This “New Pattern Reading Comprehension Questions “ is also important for other banking exams such as SBI Clerk, IDBI Executive and Syndicate PO, IBPS PO, IBPS Clerk, SBI Clerk, IBPS RRB Officer, IBPS RRB Office Assistant, IBPS SO, SBI SO and other competitive exams.
New Pattern Reading Comprehension for SBI PO 2018 | Set – 62
Directions:(1-10) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
Privatisation of water is unwarranted, unjustified and unnecessary. In pushing for it, we are not really addressing the key issue plaguing the water sector, which is a need for better governance. We need a democratic, transparent, accountable and participatory governance in a bottom-up approach, on each aspect of the urban water sector where water privatisation is advocated.
There are lacunae in the urban water sector which are being used as a justification for pushing water privatisation. Lacunae include losses, inefficiency, unreliability, corruption, issues of quality, and mismanagement. All of these are symptoms; the root cause is lack of democratic governance.
If we look at the experiences anywhere in the world with privatisation of water, nowhere has it sustained over a long period of time in a comprehensive manner, encompassing most of, or even large parts of, the urban water sector. What has been attempted is privatisation of some small sub-sector, say, water distribution, keeping the rest of the issues still in the public sector.
Water is not merely a commodity, and the urban water sector is not just about supplying fresh potable water to people in urban dwellings. The urban water sector also involves multiple layers, including sourcing of water, deciding which is the best among available options, getting potable water through purification plants for equitable distribution through huge infrastructure, and managing the sewage generated through another set of huge infrastructure.
It involves not only creating infrastructure at so many different levels and managing such created infrastructure along with natural sources, but also aims to achieve a sustainable and optimumsystem.
For example, how do we use rainwater in an optimum way, in connection with lakes, ponds, tanks, wetlands, forests like the ridge in Delhi, groundwater aquifers, river and streams, and storm water drains? How do we manage all this? How and where do we treat sewage? What happens to treated sewage? How do we manage the system? Considering all aspects of the urban water sector comprehensively is necessary to achieve better water management and good governance. This becomes even more important when the urban water footprint is growing fast and when changing climate is also affecting the way we deal with various aspects of the water sector.
In many places where most of the water sector remains in the public domain even where some piecemeal water privatisation has been implemented, re-municipalisation is the trend. The private sector works on one bottom line: profit maximisation. But the management of water supply is an issue of rights and a basic need, as acknowledged by the judiciary. Moreover, water is embedded in the ecosystem. Any attempt to see water only as a commodity is bound to have multiple disruptive consequences.
When privatisation is mooted as a solution, it comes with a promise that it will create competition and that the consumer will benefit. A look at the power sector shows that this promise has not been delivered. The power sector is not only a monopoly but refuses to submit itself to public audit. This is not to suggest that people should not pay for the water they consume. Those who can must be made to pay. The current government in Delhi has not only provided free water to the lowest consumers, but has also managed to expand the distribution network and bring down losses. It is possible and necessary to improve public water governance. That is the only way forward.
1. What is the factor used to support the demand for privatisation of the water sector?
I. issues of quality
II. unreliability and corruption
III. inefficiency and limited supply
A. Both (I) and (III)
B. Both (II) and (III)
C. Both (I) and (II)
D. Only (II)
E. All (I), (II) and (III)
2. Which of the following is not covered under an urban water sector?
A. selecting the best available source of water
B. managing the sewage generated through the water infrastructure
C. getting potable water through purification plants
D. collecting fees for equitable distribution of water
E. sourcing of water
3. What can be understood from the performance of the power sector?
A. its privatisation has not benefitted the government exchequer
B. its privatisation has led to a friction between the government and the public
C. its privatisation has neither encouraged competition nor benefitted its consumers
D. its privatisation has started a new trend of exploitation in the name of regulations
E. its privatisation has encouraged a higher level of cooperation between public and private sectors
4. As per the author, what is the real problem in the water sector?
I. the need for a detailed privatisation plan
II. the need to encourage water harvesting
III. the need for better governance
A. Only (I)
B. Only (II)
C. Only (III)
D. Both (I) and (II)
E. None of (I), (II) and (III)
5. Why is the author against the idea of privatisation of the water sector?
A. as private sector focuses on only profit maximisation
B. as private sector in incompetent to handle the water sector
C. as private sector lacks the experience in managing public utilities
D. as public sector has sufficient funds to run non-profit businesses
E. All of these
6. Which of the following becomes even more important with speedily growing urban water footprint?
A. considering all aspects of the urban water sector
B. achieving better water management
C. assuring equal distribution of water
D. achieving good governance
E. More than one of the above
7. Choose the word/group of words which is most SIMILAR in meaning to the word/group of words printed in bold as used in passage. Mooted
8. Choose the word/group of words which is most similar in meaning to the word/group of words printed in bold as used in the passage. Lacunae
9. Choose the word/group of words which is most OPPOSITE in meaning to the word/group of words printed in bold as used in the passage. Optimum
10. Choose the word/group of words which is most opposite in meaning to the word/group of words printed in bold as used in the passage. Disruptive
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