Magical Vocabulary from The Hindu Editorial 25th October 2017

Magical Vocabulary from The Hindu Editorial 25th October 2017. Welcome to the online Editorial Vocabulary section. Here we are presenting you Vocabulary from The Hindu Editorial from The Hindu Newspaper’s Editorial. This will help you to sail and score good marks in English Language section.

Magical Vocabulary from The Hindu Editorial 25th October 2017

Unacceptable fetters: on the Rajasthan ordinance

Rajasthan’s ordinance shields the corrupt, threatens the media and whistle-blowers

The Rajasthan ordinance(An authoritative order) making it a punishable offence to disclose the names of public servants facing allegations of corruption before the government grants formal sanction to prosecute them is a grave threat to media freedom and the public’s right to know. In recent times, the legislative mood is consolidating towards adding more layers of protection to officials from corruption cases. While no one can object to genuine measures aimed at insulating honest officials from frivolous or motivated charges of wrong-doing, there can be no justification for the Vasundhara Raje government to prescribe a two-year prison term for disclosing the identity of the public servants concerned. Section 228-B, the newly introduced Indian Penal Code offence that relates to acts done in the course of discharging official functions, is a direct threat to the functioning of the media and whistle-blowersIt is a patently unreasonable restriction on legitimate journalism and activism against venality. In addition, the Criminal Laws (Rajasthan Amendment) Ordinance, 2017 fetters judicial magistrates from ordering an investigation without prior sanction, as an additional shield for public servants who already enjoy the protection of Section 197 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, and Section 19 of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, which make prior sanction mandatory before a court can take cognizance of a case. It may even paralyse an impending probe, as no investigating agency can approach a sanctioning authority without gathering any material.

This is the first time a section prescribing punishment for disclosure is being introduced in India, though provisions barring investigation or prosecution without prior sanction are also in force in Maharashtra. However, the time limit for the sanctioning authority to act is 180 days in Rajasthan, and 90 days in Maharashtra. The Union government, too, has a set of amendments to the Prevention of Corruption Act pending since 2013, including a proviso for prior sanction. The Supreme Court verdict of May 2014 striking down a statutory provision for prior government clearance for a Central Bureau of Investigation probe against officials of the rank of joint secretary and above is the touchstone against which the constitutionality of the pre-investigation sanction requirement will be tested. The court had observed that such a provision destroys the objective of anti-corruption legislation, blocks the truth from surfacing, thwarts independent investigation and forewarns corrupt officers. Anti-corruption legislation in India seems to be in a state of unacceptable flux. Amendments, including those redefining criminal misconduct among public servants so that bona fide decisions by officials do not result in corruption charges, are yet to be passed. The Lokpal Act is yet to be operationalised. It is time the Centre enforced a strong body of legislation that punishes the corrupt, protects the honest, and ensures time-bound public services and whistle-blower safety. Nothing less will behove a government ostensibly keen on bringing down the edifice of corruption.

Magical Vocabulary from “The Hindu Editorial”

  1. Ordinance (noun) अध्यादेश/ हुक्म : An ordinance is an official rule or order.

Synonyms: Edict, decree, law, injunction, fiat, command, order, rule, ruling, dictum, dictate.

Example:  “The government has the intention to draft an ordinance regulating human reproductive technology in the future, and this will also regulate the use of stem cells, ” the spokeswoman said.

  1. Consolidate (verb) मजबूत बनाना / समेकित करना : To strengthen or improve one’s control over (a situation, force, newly captured area, etc)

Synonyms:  Strengthen, secure, stabilize, reinforce, fortify, enhance, improve.

Antonyms: Disjoin, Divide, Dissaude

Example: We need to consolidate our allies, to get them in a place where we can do the most good.

  1. Insulating (verb) पृथक करना/ रोधक : Protect (someone or something) from unpleasant influences or experiences.

Synonyms:  Keep safe, cushion, buffer, cocoon, isolate, segregate, sequester,

Antonyms: Uncover, mingle

Example: The closing in of the weather, the gloom, the sleet, had all conspired to insulate him.

  1. Frivolous (adjective) तुच्छ / गंभीरता से विचार करने वाला : Not serious or sensible in content, attitude, or behaviour; silly.

Synonyms: Flippant, Glib, Waggish, Joking, Jokey, Light-hearted, Facetious

Antonyms: Intelligent, Wise, Mature, Solemn

Example:  This summer the government is looking to introduce significant changes to reduce the number of frivolous claims.

  1. Venality (adjective) भ्रष्टणीयता :Showing or motivated by susceptibility to bribery; corrupt).

Synonyms: Corrupt, Corruptible, Bribable, Vendibility

Example: However, there is no imperative need for me to inform your superiors of your venality.

  1. Cognizance (noun) ध्यान में रखते/ विचाराधिकारपूर्ण जानकार होना : Knowledge of certain facts upon which the court must act without requiring proof.

Synonyms: Notice, knowledge, consciousness, knowingness, awareness

Antonyms: Disregard, Ignorance, Neglect

Example: It was a moment of shared cognizance as we saw one another through the bond.

  1. Proviso (noun) नियम / प्रतिबन्ध : A condition or qualification attached to an agreement or statement.

Synonyms: Condition, stipulation, provision, clause, rider, qualification, restriction, caveat.

Example: He had declared his support for the gas but with the proviso that it be brought ashore safely.

  1. Behove (verb) योग्य होना/ उपयुक्त होना : It is a duty or responsibility for someone to do something; it is incumbent on.

Synonyms: befit, become, suit, be required of, be expected of, be appropriate for.

Verb Forms: behove, behoved

Example: it behooves any coach to study his predecessors

  1. Ostensibly(adverb) जाहिरा तौर पर/ प्रकट रूप से : Apparently or purportedly, but perhaps not actually.

Synonyms: Apparently, seemingly, on the face of it, to all intents and purposes, outwardly, superficially.

Antonyms: Improbably, Unlikely

Example: Does any of this make sense in a show ostensibly about business?

  1. Edifice (noun) भवन : A complex or elaborate institution or organization.

Synonyms: Building, structure, construction, erection, pile, complex, property, development, premises.

Example: How can we raise a secure and objective historiographical edifice on such flimsy foundations?

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