Machine Input-Output Questions for Bank PO : Set-5

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Machine Input-Output Questions for Bank PO

Reasoning Machine Input-Output Questions for Bank PO. Welcome to the www.letsstudytogether.co online learning section. If you are preparing for SBI PO/Clerk 2018 and other competitive exams, you will come across a section on the Reasoning Ability. Here we are providing you “Reasoning Machine Input Output Question” based on the pattern for your daily practice.

This “Reasoning Machine Input Output Question For SBI PO | SBI Clerk″ is also important for other banking exams such as IBPS PO, IBPS Clerk, SBI Clerk, IBPS SO, SBI SO and other competitive exams.

Reasoning Machine Input Output Question | Set- 5


Directions: (1-5) Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions:

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular hide in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement. (All the numbers are two-digit numbers).
Input: point 46 22 hide angel 76 65 42 wood dig upper 32 56 ego
Step I: 22 point 46 hide 76 65 42 wood dig upper 32 56 ego angel
Step II: 32 22 point 46 hide 76 65 42 wood dig upper 56 angel ego
Step III: 42 32 22 point 46 hide 76 65 wood dig 56 angel ego upper
Step IV: 46 42 32 22 point hide 76 65 wood 56 angel ego upper dig
Step V: 56 46 42 32 22 point 76 65 wood angel ego upper dig hide
Step VI: 65 56 46 42 32 22 76 wood angel ego upper dig hide point
Step VII: 76 65 56 46 42 32 22 angel ego upper dig hide point wood
And Step VII is the last step of the above input, as the desired arrangement is obtained.
As per the hides followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.
Input: 86 youth hammer 18 34 user enter ocean ink 44 25 mock 63 98
(All the numbers are two digits numbers).

1.Which of the following represents the position of ‘youth’ in the sixth step?

A.Ninth from the left

B.Fifth from the right

C.Sixth from the left

D.Seventh from the left

E.Seventh from the right

Show Correct Answers

D. Seventh from the left

In the given illustration:
1) Numbers are arranged in descending order.
2) In case of words first vowels are arranged in ascending order followed by consonants in ascending order as per their position in dictionary.
3) A word and number is arranged simultaneously in each step.

In first step, the lowest number is arranged at left most position i.e. at first position and lowest vowel as per dictionary is arranged at right most position i.e. at last position of the sentence. Both word and number are arranged simultaneously and else all are shifted accordingly.

In step 2 next lowest number is placed again at first position i.e. immediate left to the previously arranged number and next lowest vowel/consonant is placed at last position i.e. immediate right to previously arranged word and else all are shifted accordingly.
The same process is followed till all the words and numbers are rearranged as all numbers at left side in decreasing order and all words first according to vowel than according to consonant at right side of the lowest number in increasing order as per dictionary.
Now given input is: 86 youth hammer 18 34 user enter ocean ink 44 25 mock 63 98

Step I: 18 86 youth hammer 34 user ocean ink 44 25 mock 63 98 enter
Step II: 25 18 86 youth hammer 34 user ocean 44 mock 63 98 enter ink
Step III: 34 25 18 86 youth hammer user 44 mock 63 98 enter ink ocean
Step IV: 44 34 25 18 86 youth hammer mock 63 98 enter ink ocean user
Step V: 63 44 34 25 18 86 youth mock 98 enter ink ocean user hammer
Step VI: 86 63 44 34 25 18 youth 98 enter ink ocean user hammer mock
Clearly, ‘youth’ is 7th from left and 8th from right in step VI.

2.How many elements (words or numbers) are there between ‘ink’ and ‘44’ as they appear in the last step of the output?
A. One

B. Two

C. Three

D. Four

E. Five

Show Correct Answers

D. Four

In the given illustration:
1) Numbers are arranged in descending order.
2) In case of words first vowels are arranged in ascending order followed by consonants in ascending order as per their position in dictionary.
3) A word and number is arranged simultaneously in each step.
In first step, the lowest number is arranged at leftmost position i.e. at first position and lowest vowel as per dictionary is arranged at rightmost position i.e. at last position of the sentence. Both word and number are arranged simultaneously and else all are shifted accordingly.
In step 2 next lowest number is placed again at first position i.e. immediate left to the previously arranged number and next lowest vowel/consonant is placed at last position i.e. immediate right to previously arranged word and else all are shifted accordingly.
The same process is followed till all the words and numbers are rearranged as all numbers at left side in decreasing order and all words first according to vowel than according to consonant at right side of the lowest number in increasing order as per dictionary.
Now given input is: 86 youth hammer 18 34 user enter ocean ink 44 25 mock 63 98
Step I: 18 86 youth hammer 34 user ocean ink 44 25 mock 63 98 enter
Step II: 25 18 86 youth hammer 34 user ocean 44 mock 63 98 enter ink
Step III: 34 25 18 86 youth hammer user 44 mock 63 98 enter ink ocean
Step IV: 44 34 25 18 86 youth hammer mock 63 98 enter ink ocean user
Step V: 63 44 34 25 18 86 youth mock 98 enter ink ocean user hammer
Step VI: 86 63 44 34 25 18 youth 98 enter ink ocean user hammer mock
Step VII: 98 86 63 44 34 25 18 enter ink ocean user hammer mock youth
Step VII is the last step of the given input.
Clearly, four words/numbers are there in between ‘ink’ and ‘44’ in last step of the input.

3.Which step number is the following output?
44 34 18 25 86 hammer youth mock 63 98 enter ink ocean user
A.Step V

B.Step VI

C.Step IV

D.Step III

E.There is no such step

Show Correct Answers

E. There is no such step

In the given illustration:
1) Numbers are arranged in descending order.
2) In case of words first vowels are arranged in ascending order followed by consonants in ascending order as per their position in dictionary.
3) A word and number is arranged simultaneously in each step.

In first step, the lowest number is arranged at leftmost position i.e. at first position and lowest vowel as per dictionary is arranged at rightmost position i.e. at last position of the sentence. Both word and number are arranged simultaneously and else all are shifted accordingly.
In step 2 next lowest number is placed again at first position i.e. immediate left to the previously arranged number and next lowest vowel/consonant is placed at last position i.e. immediate right to previously arranged word and else all are shifted accordingly.
The same process is followed till all the words and numbers are rearranged as all numbers at left side in decreasing order and all words first according to vowel than according to consonant at right side of the lowest number in increasing order as per dictionary.
Now given input is: 86 youth hammer 18 34 user enter ocean ink 44 25 mock 63 98
Step I: 18 86 youth hammer 34 user ocean ink 44 25 mock 63 98 enter
Step II: 25 18 86 youth hammer 34 user ocean 44 mock 63 98 enter ink
Step III: 34 25 18 86 youth hammer user 44 mock 63 98 enter ink ocean
Step IV: 44 34 25 18 86 youth hammer mock 63 98 enter ink ocean user
Step V: 63 44 34 25 18 86 youth mock 98 enter ink ocean user hammer
Step VI: 86 63 44 34 25 18 youth 98 enter ink ocean user hammer mock
Step VII: 98 86 63 44 34 25 18 enter ink ocean user hammer mock youth
Step VII is the last step of the given input.
Clearly, there is no such step which matches the given step.

4.Which word/number would be at 6th position from the right in Step V?
A.18

B. 98

C. ink

D. enter

E. youth

Show Correct Answers

B. 98

In the given illustration:
1) Numbers are arranged in descending order.
2) In case of words first vowels are arranged in ascending order followed by consonants in ascending order as per their position in dictionary.
3) A word and number is arranged simultaneously in each step.

In first step, the lowest number is arranged at leftmost position i.e. at first position and lowest vowel as per dictionary is arranged at rightmost position i.e. at last position of the sentence. Both word and number are arranged simultaneously and else all are shifted accordingly.
In step 2 next lowest number is placed again at first position i.e. immediate left to the previously arranged number and next lowest vowel/consonant is placed at last position i.e. immediate right to previously arranged word and else all are shifted accordingly.
The same process is followed till all the words and numbers are rearranged as all numbers at left side in decreasing order and all words first according to vowel than according to consonant at right side of the lowest number in increasing order as per dictionary.
Now given input is: 86 youth hammer 18 34 user enter ocean ink 44 25 mock 63 98
Step I: 18 86 youth hammer 34 user ocean ink 44 25 mock 63 98 enter
Step II: 25 18 86 youth hammer 34 user ocean 44 mock 63 98 enter ink
Step III: 34 25 18 86 youth hammer user 44 mock 63 98 enter ink ocean
Step IV: 44 34 25 18 86 youth hammer mock 63 98 enter ink ocean user
Step V: 63 44 34 25 18 86 youth mock 98 enter ink ocean user hammer

(Left) Step V: 63 44 34 25 18 86 youth mock 98 enter ink ocean user hammer (Right)
Clearly, number ‘98’ is at 6th position from right in step V.

5.What is the difference between 3 number from left end and 6 number from left end in penultimate step?

A. 25

B 33

C. 26

D. Not Possible

E. None of these

Show Correct Answers

E. None of these

In the given illustration:
1) Numbers are arranged in descending order.
2) In case of words first vowels are arranged in ascending order followed by consonants in ascending order as per their position in dictionary.
3) A word and number is arranged simultaneously in each step.

In first step, the lowest number is arranged at leftmost position i.e. at first position and lowest vowel as per dictionary is arranged at rightmost position i.e. at last position of the sentence. Both word and number are arranged simultaneously and else all are shifted accordingly.
In step 2 next lowest number is placed again at first position i.e. immediate left to the previously arranged number and next lowest vowel/consonant is placed at last position i.e. immediate right to previously arranged word and else all are shifted accordingly.
The same process is followed till all the words and numbers are rearranged as all numbers at left side in decreasing order and all words first according to vowel than according to consonant at right side of the lowest number in increasing order as per dictionary.
Now given input is: 86 youth hammer 18 34 user enter ocean ink 44 25 mock 63 98
Step I: 18 86 youth hammer 34 user ocean ink 44 25 mock 63 98 enter
Step II: 25 18 86 youth hammer 34 user ocean 44 mock 63 98 enter ink
Step III: 34 25 18 86 youth hammer user 44 mock 63 98 enter ink ocean
Step IV: 44 34 25 18 86 youth hammer mock 63 98 enter ink ocean user
Step V: 63 44 34 25 18 86 youth mock 98 enter ink ocean user hammer
Step VI: 86 63 44 34 25 18 youth 98 enter ink ocean user hammer mock
Step VII: 98 86 63 44 34 25 18 enter ink ocean user hammer mock youth
Step VII is the last step of the given input.

Thus step VI is the penultimate step.
Here 3 number from left end is 44 and 6 number from left end is 18.
Difference between 44 and 18 is 26.
Thus difference between 3 number from left end and 6 number from left end in penultimate step is 63-25= 38.

Directions: (6-10) Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions:
A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular hide in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement. (All the numbers are two digit numbers).
Input:          99 store 20 welcome joy 12 long rubber 34 63 92 mobile
Step I:        12 joy 99 store 20 welcome long rubber 34 63 92 mobile
Step II:       12 20 joy long 99 store welcome rubber 34 63 92 mobile
Step III:      12 20 34 joy long mobile 99 store welcome rubber 63 92
Step IV:      12 20 34 63 joy long mobile rubber 99 store welcome 92
Step V:       12 20 34 63 92 joy long mobile rubber store 99 welcome
Step VI:      12 20 34 63 92 99 joy long mobile rubber store welcome
And Step VI is the last step of the above input, as the desired arrangement is obtained.
As per the hides followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.
Input:         king 45 77 edge 82 39 back 50 44 cage pad square
(All the numbers are two digits numbers)

6.What is the difference between the first and the last number in Step V?

A.54

B.53

C.34

D.43

E.33

Show Correct Answers

D. 43

In the given illustration:
Numbers and Words are arranged simultaneously.
In the first step, the smallest number and the smallest word according to the dictionary are arranged at the 1 and 2 position. And the rest of the numbers are shifted accordingly.
Then the second smallest number and the second smallest word are arranged after the smallest number and smallest word respectively. This means the second smallest number will be in 2 position and the smallest word will be in 3 position now. The rest of the numbers are shifted.
This continues till all the numbers and words are arranged so that first the numbers are arranged in ascending order then the words are arranged in ascending order. Now given input is:
Input:        king 45 77 edge 82 39 back 50 44 cage pad square
Step I:       39 back king 45 77 edge 82 50 44 cage pad square
Step II:      39 44 back cage king 45 77 edge 82 50 pad square
Step III:     39 44 45 back cage edge king 77 82 50 pad square
Step IV:     39 44 45 50 back cage edge king 77 82 pad square
Step V:      39 44 45 50 77 back cage edge king pad 82 square
Step VI:     39 44 45 50 77 82 back cage edge king pad square
Step VI is the last step.
Hence, the first and the last numbers in Step V are 39 and 82 respectively and the difference between them is 82 – 39 = 43

7.What is the fifth word/number in Step V?

A. 50

B 45

C. back

D. cage

E. 77

Show Correct Answers

E. 77

In the given illustration:
Numbers and Words are arranged simultaneously.
In the first step, the smallest number and the smallest word according to the dictionary are arranged at the 1 and 2 position. And the rest of the numbers are shifted accordingly.
Then the second smallest number and the second smallest word are arranged after the smallest number and smallest word respectively. This means the second smallest number will be in 2 position and the smallest word will be in 3 position now. The rest of the numbers are shifted.
This continues till all the numbers and words are arranged so that first the numbers are arranged in ascending order then the words are arranged in ascending order. Now given input is:
Input:        king 45 77 edge 82 39 back 50 44 cage pad square
Step I:       39 back king 45 77 edge 82 50 44 cage pad square
Step II:      39 44 back cage king 45 77 edge 82 50 pad square
Step III:     39 44 45 back cage edge king 77 82 50 pad square
Step IV:     39 44 45 50 back cage edge king 77 82 pad square
Step V:      39 44 45 50 77 back cage edge king pad 82 square
Step VI:     39 44 45 50 77 82 back cage edge king pad square
Step VI is the last step.

Hence, the fifth number/word in Step V is 77

8.How many numbers/words are between back and 82 in Step IV?

A. 5

B. 7

C. 4

D. 3

E. 6

Show Correct Answers

C. 4

In the given illustration:
Numbers and Words are arranged simultaneously.
In the first step, the smallest number and the smallest word according to the dictionary are arranged at the 1 and 2 position. And the rest of the numbers are shifted accordingly.
Then the second smallest number and the second smallest word are arranged after the smallest number and smallest word respectively. This means the second smallest number will be in 2 position and the smallest word will be in 3 position now. The rest of the numbers are shifted.
This continues till all the numbers and words are arranged so that first the numbers are arranged in ascending order then the words are arranged in ascending order. Now given input is:
Input:        king 45 77 edge 82 39 back 50 44 cage pad square
Step I:       39 back king 45 77 edge 82 50 44 cage pad square
Step II:      39 44 back cage king 45 77 edge 82 50 pad square
Step III:     39 44 45 back cage edge king 77 82 50 pad square
Step IV:     39 44 45 50 back cage edge king 77 82 pad square
Step V:      39 44 45 50 77 back cage edge king pad 82 square
Step VI:     39 44 45 50 77 82 back cage edge king pad square
Step VI is the last step.

Hence, there are 4 numbers/words between back and 82 in Step IV.

9.How many words are there between cage and square in Step II?

A. 3

B. 4

C. 5

D. 6

E.  7

Show Correct Answers

A. 3

In the given illustration:
Numbers and Words are arranged simultaneously.
In the first step, the smallest number and the smallest word according to the dictionary are arranged at the 1 and 2 position. And the rest of the numbers are shifted accordingly.
Then the second smallest number and the second smallest word are arranged after the smallest number and smallest word respectively. This means the second smallest number will be in 2 position and the smallest word will be in 3 position now. The rest of the numbers are shifted.
This continues till all the numbers and words are arranged so that first the numbers are arranged in ascending order then the words are arranged in ascending order. Now given input is:
Input:        king 45 77 edge 82 39 back 50 44 cage pad square
Step I:       39 back king 45 77 edge 82 50 44 cage pad square
Step II:      39 44 back cage king 45 77 edge 82 50 pad square
Step III:     39 44 45 back cage edge king 77 82 50 pad square
Step IV:     39 44 45 50 back cage edge king 77 82 pad square
Step V:      39 44 45 50 77 back cage edge king pad 82 square
Step VI:     39 44 45 50 77 82 back cage edge king pad square
Step VI is the last step.. Hence, there are 3 words between cage and square in Step II

10.What is the sum of first and last numbers in Step III?

A.82

B.89

C.79

D.44

E.80

Show Correct Answers

B. 89

In the given illustration:
Numbers and Words are arranged simultaneously.
In the first step, the smallest number and the smallest word according to the dictionary are arranged at the 1 and 2 position. And the rest of the numbers are shifted accordingly.
Then the second smallest number and the second smallest word are arranged after the smallest number and smallest word respectively. This means the second smallest number will be in 2 position and the smallest word will be in 3 position now. The rest of the numbers are shifted.
This continues till all the numbers and words are arranged so that first the numbers are arranged in ascending order then the words are arranged in ascending order. Now given input is:
Input:        king 45 77 edge 82 39 back 50 44 cage pad square
Step I:       39 back king 45 77 edge 82 50 44 cage pad square
Step II:      39 44 back cage king 45 77 edge 82 50 pad square
Step III:     39 44 45 back cage edge king 77 82 50 pad square
Step IV:     39 44 45 50 back cage edge king 77 82 pad square
Step V:      39 44 45 50 77 back cage edge king pad 82 square
Step VI:     39 44 45 50 77 82 back cage edge king pad square
Step VI is the last step.

Hence, the sum of the first and last numbers in Step III is 39 + 50 = 89


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