The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary : Held at ransom – On the recent Ransomware Attacks

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Welcome to letsstudytogether.co, as we all know that now a day’s in All Banking Exams and other competitive exams most of the English Sections were taken from Editorial pages. So it is essential to have a sound knowledge and understanding of English vocabulary. So here we are presenting you THE Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary from THE HINDU newspapers. This will help you to sail and score good marks in English Language section.

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The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary

Held at ransom – On the recent Ransomware Attacks

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The menacing spread, starting last Friday, of the malicious software WannaCry, which has since infected thousands of computer systems in 150 countries, is a frightening reminder of the vulnerabilities of a connected world. The cyber-attackers who unleashed it, as yet unknown, have essentially used chinks in Microsoft’s outdated software to remotely gain access to computers of unsuspecting users so as to lock them out of their files. These attacks have been in the nature of what are called ‘ransomware,’ wherein attackers demand a ransom (usually in Bitcoins, which are tougher to trace than regular currency) to decrypt the files they have force-encrypted (convert (information or data) into a cipher or code, especially to prevent unauthorized access). Cyber risk modelling firm Cyence estimates the economic damage to be $4 billion, a figure that may not seem daunting for a global-scale disruption such as this one. But its spread has exposed the lack of preparedness among government and private institutions. The list of unsuspecting users who fell prey to the malware includes the U.K.’s National Health Service, German transport company Deutsche Bahn, courier delivery services company FedEx and carmaker Renault. Only some weeks earlier Microsoft had made available a patch to remove the chinks, something that raises doubts over whether even large institutions are complacent on cyber risks. That governments across the world went on alert after the outbreak of the global ‘epidemic’ is some consolation. So is the fact that Indian institutions have been largely unscathed by the malware until now. Things, however, could have been worse had a British researcher not registered a domain name hidden in the malware, thereby accidentally stopping its spread as also its momentum.

While the state of preparedness is a cause for worry, the likely origin of WannaCry forces stakeholders to revisit a long-standing and uneasy question regarding the actions of governments. WannaCry has its origins in a tool developed by the National Security Agency in the U.S. that was dumped online by a group called the Shadow Brokers. A few days after the malware started spreading, Brad Smith, President and Chief Legal Officer of Microsoft, wrote on his blog that governments should treat it as “a wake-up call” and “consider the damage to civilians that comes from hoarding these vulnerabilities.” His point to governments is this: report vulnerabilities to vendors rather than exploit them. The U.S. assesses the balance between cybersecurity and national interest through what is called the Vulnerabilities Equities Process, wherein a review board makes a final decision on whether‘vulnerability’ needs to be reported or retained. President Donald Trump’s views on this process are not clear. Cyberthreats are only likely to grow, and the world needs to push for global rules on such issues. It is more than obvious now that cyber vulnerabilities have massive global implications.

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Magical Vocabulary from The Hindu Editorial

    1. Menace (Adjective) खतरनाकthreaten, especially in a malignant or hostile manner. Synonyms: threatening, ominous, intimidating, frightening, terrifying, alarming

    Example: He said various agencies of the Centre and the concerned state police are coordinating to tackle the menace of terrorist funding.

    1. Preparedness (Noun) तत्परता:a state of readiness, especially for war.

    Synonyms: readiness, preparedness, alacrity, ready, assiduity

    Example: People now accept that a minimum level of preparedness is crucial to tackle a military contingency.

    1. Consolation (Noun) सांत्वना / तसल्ली :comfort received by a person after a loss or disappointment.

    Synonyms: comfort, solace, sympathy, compassion, pity, commiseration, empathy, relief.

    Example: She always had a word of consolation and comfort to all who had the pleasure of knowing her.

    1. Complacent (Adjective) आत्मसंतुष्ट:showing smug or uncritical satisfaction with oneself or one’s achievements.

    Synonyms: smug, self-satisfied, self-congratulatory, self-regarding, conceited, gloating.

    Example: I had been complacent , even blasé, about someone who was really important to me.

    1. Prey (Noun) शिकार:a person harmed, injured, or killed as a result of a crime, accident, or other event or action.

    Synonyms: target, object, subject, focus, recipient, butt

    Example: A lot of youth are illiterate and unemployed and easy prey .

    1. Epidemic (Noun) महामारी:a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time.

    Synonyms:  outbreak, plague, pandemic, epizootic

    Example: The prevalence of obesity in the United States has reached epidemic proportions.

    1. Unscathed (Adjective) पूरा हुआ :without suffering any injury, damage, or harm.

    Synonyms: unharmed, unhurt, uninjured, undamaged, in one piece, intact, safe

    Example: His office was evacuated and he escaped unscathed before the south tower was hit and collapsed.

    1. Implications (Noun) निहितार्थthe conclusion that can be drawn from something, although it is not explicitly stated.

    Synonyms: suggestion, insinuation, innuendo, hint, intimation, imputation, consequence, result, ramification

    Example: The other clear implication is that the military news coming out of the region is full of falsehoods.

Courtesy And Official editorial link :- The Hindu 

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