The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary 26th October 2017

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The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary 26th October 2017. Welcome to the letsstudytogether.co online Editorial Vocabulary section. Here we are presenting you Vocabulary from The Hindu Editorial from The Hindu Newspaper’s Editorial. This will help you to sail and score good marks in English Language section.


The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary 26th October 2017

Facts in fiction: on ‘Mersal’ row


What are facts in a work of fiction? Are they to be treated as incontrovertible truth or as a licence of creative imagination? In the answers to these questions lies the key to understanding the most pressing issue currently occupying the mind space of the politicians of the Bharatiya Janata Party in Tamil Nadu. Over the past week, senior State leaders of the party have been busy ferreting out references to contemporary realities in a film, Mersal, and testing them against their very own touchstone of truth. They now want the deletion of particular scenes on the goods and services tax regime (because these are factually incorrect) as well as those on the health care situation in the country (because these are critical of the government). India is no stranger to threats to freedom of expression whether in art and movies or in news and academic publishing, whether from organised civilian groups or from the government. From time to time, all sorts of self-identified groups have claimed to be offended by something or the other that they imagined to be an affront to their shared culture or communal heritage. In this Republic of Hurt Sentiments, religion, caste, language and geography have been variously invoked by such groups to mobilise opposition to some perceived insult in a painting or a motion picture. Controversial sections of the Indian Penal Code such as 153A, which prohibits the promotion of enmity between different groups, and 295A, which prohibits insult of religious beliefs, are routinely used to silence voices or harass those who hold dissenting views.

The cynical manipulation of such sections of the law is bad enough. But the censorship demand of the Tamil Nadu BJP has touched a whole new level of absurdity. There is not even a bad provision in the law that bars criticism of the government, whether in newspapers or in films. Mersal is a pure work of fiction, and if the lead actor got his facts about GST in a twist, this is best left to film critics and the audience to react to. To seek cuts in a film on the ground that some of the spoken words are false is ludicrous. By this token, there would be no place for fairy tales in cinema, no role for satire, allegory or hyperbole. Initially, the film’s producers seemed to have been taken aback by the BJP’s intimidatory demand that the ‘offending’ scenes be cut. However, the groundswell of support from the film fraternity and the public bolstered their confidence in fighting the threat. Given that the BJP is not much of a political force in Tamil Nadu, the entire controversy over Mersal has a farcical character to it. But it is impossible to ignore what may have happened had the party succeeded in arm-twisting the film-makers into effecting the changes it demanded. This would have sent out a chilling message to the entire film industry.

Magical Vocabulary from “The Hindu Editorial”

  1. Contemporary (adjective) समकालीन/ समसामयिक : Belonging to the same age; living or occurring in the same period of time

Synonyms: Of the time, of the day, contemporaneous, concurrent, coeval, coexisting, coexistent.

Antonyms : Old, vintage, ancient

Example:  In the past, conservative Irish tastes wanted contemporary works for their living rooms.

  1. Affront (noun) प्रत्यक्ष अपमान / तिरस्कार करना: To do or say something that shows a lack of respect

Synonyms:  Insult, offence, indignity/humiliation, provocation, injury, outrage, atrocity, scandal.

Antonyms: compliment, gratify.

Example: His ideas are obviously foolish, easily disproved, an affront to any reasoning person.

  1. Cynical (adjective) निंदक/संदिग्धचित्त: Distrustful or contemptuous of virtue, esp selflessness in others; believing the worst of others, esp that all acts are selfish.

Synonyms:  Skeptical, doubtful, distrustful, suspicious, disbelieving, pessimistic, negative.

Antonyms: Naive, trusting, believing.

Example: He started laughing and mocked the old man with cynical derision.

  1. Absurdity (noun) मूर्खता का कार्य / अर्थहीनता: The quality or state of being ridiculous or wildly unreasonable.

Synonyms: Ludicrousness, incongruity, inappropriateness, risibility, idiocy, stupidity, foolishness.

Antonyms: Prudence, logic.

Example:  They have made us think about ourselves by making us laugh at our own absurdity .

  1. Ludicrous (adjective) ऊटपटांग/ निरर्थक:So foolish, unreasonable, or out of place as to be amusing; ridiculous.

Synonyms: Absurd, ridiculous, farcical, laughable, risible, preposterous, foolish, mad, insane, idiotic, stupid.

Example: The sincerity of the feeling that Alexander evidences is apparently ludicrous to these people.

  1. Satire (noun) हास्य व्यंग्य / व्यंगप्रधान रचना: The use of ridicule, irony, etc, to create such an effect

Synonyms: Parody, burlesque, caricature, lampoon, skit, spoof, takeoff, sendup.

Antonyms: seriousness, solemnness.

Example: The program often includes comedy sketches, political satire and performances by musicians.

  1. Intimidate (adjective) भयभीत करना / आक्रामक: Frighten or overawe (someone), especially in order to make them do what one wants.

Synonyms: Frighten, menace, terrify, scare, terrorize, cow, dragoon, subdue, threaten, browbeat.

Antonyms: encourage ,comfort.

Example: She had been in here far too many times to allow the darkness to intimidate her in any way.

  1. Fraternity (noun) भाईचारा / बंधुता: The state or feeling of friendship and mutual support within a group.

Synonyms: Brotherhood, fellowship, kinship, friendship, (mutual) support, solidarity, community, union.

Antonyms: Sorority ,hostility.

Example: It has a gay fraternity , a lesbian sorority, and several gay student groups.

  1. Bolster (verb) सुदृढ़ / मजबूत बनाना : To support or reinforce; strengthen.

Synonyms: Strengthen, support, reinforce/fortify.

Antonyms: Hinder, obstruct, weaken.

Example: We are more interested in bolstering confidence than in pointing out weaknesses.

  1. Farcical (adjective) विनोदपूर्ण/ अयोग्य : Of or resembling a farce, especially because of absurd or ridiculous aspects.

Synonyms: Ridiculous, preposterous, ludicrous, absurd, laughable, risible, nonsensical, senseless.

Antonyms: Serious, reasonable, severe

Example: This is farcical administration of the immigration law and it demeans the very concept of national interest.

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