Expected Reading Comprehension Questions
Expected Reading Comprehension for SBI PO/Clerk. Welcome to the www.letsstudytogether.co online English section. If you are preparing for SBI PO/Clerk & NABARD Grade A 2018 exam, you will come across a section on the English language. Here we are providing you Expected Reading Comprehension Questions for SBI Clerk, IDBI Executive and NABARD Grade A, based on the latest pattern of your daily practice.
Important Reading Comprehension Questions for SBI PO will help you learn concepts on important topics in English Section. This “Expected Reading Comprehension Questions “ is also important for other banking exams such as SBI Clerk, IDBI Executive and Syndicate PO, IBPS PO, IBPS Clerk, SBI Clerk, IBPS RRB Officer, IBPS RRB Office Assistant, IBPS SO, SBI SO and other competitive exams.
Expected Reading Comprehension Questions for SBI PO 2018 | Set – 61
Directions:(1-10) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
The People’s Republic of China entered the Internet age in 1994; 23 years on, China is considered to have the largest online population worldwide, with 731 million active users. At the same time, China has one of the world’s strictest online legal frameworks. One could easily assume that an online ecosphere as vibrant and active as China’s would lead to many differentiated approaches to interpreting Chinese Internet law. Instead, China researchers, legal scholars, and observers of the Chinese internet industry have engaged in ever-repeating, entrenched, and constricted narratives focused on human rights abuses, censorship, and political oppression. Simultaneously and largely unnoticed, China has devised a strategy of innovation security as part of its internet law. The narrative of a monolithic and repressive regime in Beijing is tempting. It is an easy approach to the Chinese internet and has a long history. None of the global social media and Web 2.0 market leaders – Twitter, Facebook, YouTube – are available on the Chinese internet, and Chinese users search the web with Baidu, rather than Google. The “Great Firewall of China” is therefore a beguiling and easy to memorize catchphrase, and also somewhat accurate.
However, the term is also evaluative rather than merely a description of the conditions on the Chinese internet. What lies within the confines of this “Great Firewall” is a question that remains unanswered. Clearly, the implication is that the Chinese internet user base is disconnected from the world. Undoubtedly, social media and Web 2.0 in China and the rest of the world have developed dichotomously. Outside of China, a handful of U.S. companies maintain firm control over the market. Within China, a growing number of domestic substitutes have created a market for themselves. And rather than restricting themselves to their home market, WeChat, SinaWeibo, and YoukuTudou have begun to compete for international market share. Hence, the first important realization is that the absence of Western Web 2.0 and social media online services does not mean the absence of sustainable internet enterprises within the “Great Firewall.” This realization should be followed by questioning the role of Chinese internet law in the evolution of Chinese internet giants.
China has a comprehensive legal framework of internet regulation. Since the passing of the “Interim Regulations on the Management of International Networking of Computer Information” in 1996, China has enacted more than 13 statutes and regulations directly concerned with the management of the internet. A material analysis of the body of Chinese internet law indicates the positioning of platforms before content as the main regulation subject beginning sometime in the early 2000s. To fully appreciate this repositioning, one ought to revisit the fundamental difference between the Web 2.0 and pre-Web 2.0/social media eras. Before the emergence of Web 2.0, the internet was one-directional and read-only.
In other words, a limited number of providers would produce content for a great number of consumers. This was also true in China, and accordingly authorities focused on controlling content. For instance, the “Decision on Safeguarding Internet Security” of 2000 mandates criminal prosecution of online activities endangering national security, undermining the position of the government, eroding national unity, and promoting religious cult organizations. Around the same time, the government also enacted the “Telecommunications Regulations” in 2000, and thereby created the Internet Content Provider (ICP) license scheme. The scheme requires content producers – generally websites – to file their information with the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT). Offending content would ultimately lead to a revocation of the ICP license, rendering the website inaccessible from within China.
A first noticeable repositioning toward the regulation of platforms was the introduction of industry self-regulation with the “Public Pledge on Self-Discipline for the Chinese Internet Industry” in 2004. At a time when social media was slowly emerging, the term Web 2.0 had just been defined, and the way in which online content was produced, shared, and consumed experienced revolutionary changes, self-regulation implied an acknowledgement that direct content management by the government could no longer effectively yield the desired effects. Such an approach becomes impractical when every user is equally and simultaneously a potential content producer. Therefore, legislation from 2004 on, such as the “Provisional Provisions for Administrating the Development of Public Information Services on Instant Messaging Tool,” primarily regulate platforms, rather than content. This is not to argue that filtering of content sensitive to the Chinese government no longer occurs, but rather that in the case of domestic platforms, government is no longer choosing a path of straight escalation toward the tip of the enforcement pyramid. Rather, authorities employ a responsive enforcement strategy of enforced self-regulation.
1. In what way internet is used differently in China as compared to other parts of the world?
(I) Since China has one of the world’s strictest online legal frameworks
(II) As the people in China don’t use Twitter, Facebook,Whatsapp,YouTube. (III) Since the government authorities monitor the moves of each user hence people are bound to follow different set of norms.
A. Only (I)
B. Only (II)
C. Both (II) and (III)
D. Both (I) and (III)
E. None is true.
2. Which of the following statement(s) is/are NOT TRUE in the context of the passage?
A. China has strict internet laws as compared to other nations
B. China has its own search engine
C. Chinese authorities keep tab over all the online activities of the people in China
D. China has extreme punishments for anyone found guilty of proselytizing national unity, corroding the position of government and fostering the religious cult organizations.
E. None of these
3. How has Chinese internet law played a crucial role in the evolution of Chinese internet giants?
A. People started developing different apps to serve their purpose as they don’t have access to social sites like Facebook, Youtube, Twitter, etc.
B. Chinese internet laws have ensured proper security over every online activities.
C. A large number of domestic substitutes have been created like WeChat, SinaWeibo, and YoukuTudou.
D. Both (A) and (C)
E. All of these
4. According to the passage, how the emergence of Web 2.0 impacted the online crowd/traffic?
A. It has made the internet more robust and user friendly.
B. It has led to change in internet laws and policies facilitating the users.
C. It has changed the old concept of few providers producing content for a large number of consumers.
D. Both (A) and (B)
E. None of these
5. Why the provisions have been brought in to regulate platforms not the content in the case of messaging tool?
A. because now-a-days each user is not less than a potential developer
B. because of the emergence of social media as a communication channel among people
C. because of the change in the way in which online content is shared, produced and consumed
D. both (A) and (C)
E. All of these
6. Give a suitable title for the passage.
A. China: The Superpower
B. Chinese Internet Law: What the West Doesn’t See
C. The Gloomy world of Internet laws
D. China’s Technical Advancement
E. China and Internet
7. Choose the word/group of words which is most SIMILAR in meaning to the word/group of words printed in bold as used in passage. Constricted
8. Choose the word/group of words which is most similar in meaning to the word/group of words printed in bold as used in the passage. Implication
9. Choose the word/group of words which is most OPPOSITE in meaning to the word/group of words printed in bold as used in the passage. cult
10. Choose the word/group of words which is most opposite in meaning to the word/group of words printed in bold as used in the passage. escalation
हाई लेवल डाटा इंटरप्रिटेशन प्रैक्टिस वर्कबुक (नवीनतम पैटर्न पर आधारित 200+ प्रश्न विस्तृत समाधान के साथ) – डाउनलोड करने के लिए क्लिक कीजिये
SBI Clerk 2018 | Railway RRB ALP & Group D | NABARD Grade A Study Material
|S. No.||Exams||Direct Links|
|1.||SBI Clerk 2018||Click Here|
|2.||SBI PO 2018||Click Here|
|3.||Railway RRB ALP & Group D 2018||Click Here|
|4.||NABARD Grade A Study Material 2018||Click Here|