Daily Editorial Vocabulary from The Hindu Newspaper. Welcome to the letsstudytogether.co online Editorial Vocabulary section. Here we are presenting you Vocabulary from The Hindu Editorial from The Hindu Newspaper’s Editorial. This will help you to sail and score good marks in English Language section.
Daily Editorial Vocabulary from The Hindu Newspaper
Back to paper: on using VVPAT in Gujarat polls
The Election Commission’s decision to deploy the Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail system for all the constituencies in the Gujarat Assembly elections is questionable. This will be the first time VVPAT will be used on a State-wide basis. A costly but useful complement to the Electronic Voting Machine, it allows the voter to verify her vote after registering it on the EVM, and the paper trail allows for an audit of the election results by the EC in a select and randomised number of constituencies. The implementation of VVPAT was to have been undertaken by the EC in a phased manner, but this blanket use appears to have been expedited after a series of unwarranted attacks on EVMs by some political parties and scaremongers. The EC had sought to allay concerns and confront allegations of voter fraud by running through the administrative and technological safeguards instituted to keep EVMs and the voting process tamper-proof. It had also challenged political parties to a hackathon to see if, with these safeguards in place, EVMs could be manipulated. The representatives of only two political parties, the Communist Party of India (Marxist) and the Nationalist Congress Party, bothered to turn up. It is unfortunate that parties have found it worthwhile to cry wolf but refuse to meaningfully engage with the EC when challenged to do so. The introduction of VVPAT and the audit process should allay some of the doubts raised by EVM naysayers — but this is a costly process and should not become the norm going forward.
Meanwhile, it would be wise for the EC to rapidly transit to third-generation, tamper-proof machines, which must be thoroughly tested and vetted by experts before deployment. The EC’s use of a standalone, non-networked machine that runs on a single programmed microchip shows that India’s simple but effective EVMs were ahead of the curve compared to the alternatives used elsewhere in the world. Many advanced democracies used networked EVMs, which raised the question of remote manipulation through viruses and malware, compelling many of them to revert to paper ballots. The EC has so far demonstrated that the voting process is robust and its machines are continually upgraded to meet possible challenges, but there are other concerns regarding the use of technology that it must be aware of. For example, Russian cyber-hacking, using techniques such as spear-phishing of election officials and related manipulation of voter data, has been suspected in some jurisdictions abroad. The EC’s move in late 2015 to avoid the linking of the voter identity card with the Aadhaar number in order to avoid the trap of linkages with big data, thus becoming susceptible to digital manipulation, was thus a wise decision. It must continue to keep its processes decentralised and accountable.
Magical Vocabulary from “The Hindu Editorial”
1. Allay (verb) (निराकरण करना / शांत करना ) : Diminish or put at rest (fear, suspicion, or worry).
Synonyms – Reduce, diminish, decrease, lessen, assuage, alleviate, ease, relieve, soothe, soften.
Antonyms – increase, intensify
Example- We have already dealt with the worries of local objectors and allayed their fears.
2. Deploy (Verb) (तैनात / अभिनियोजित करना ): Bring into effective action , to make ready for use.
Synonyms – Position, station, post, place, install, locate, situate, site, establish, base, distribute.
Antonyms – Withdraw, withhold, retract
Example – He knows less and less about his opponent’s deployments as the game proceeds.
3. Blanket (Adjective) (आवरण/ पूरी तरह से आच्छादित करना) : Covering all cases or instances; total and inclusive.
Synonyms – Overall, general/complete, total & inclusive.
Antonyms – Incomplete, bare.
Example – The government decided to put a blanket ban on all foreign adoptions so no one outside can adopt a foreign child.
4. Turn up (phrasal verb) (आना , होना) : An unexpected or chance occurrence.
Synonyms – Arrive, be present, come/attend.
Antonyms – Go, leave, lose.
Example – Give the punters what they want and they’ll turn up in their thousands.
5. Naysayer (Noun) ( नकारात्मक दृष्टिकोण वाला): Someone who opposes something or says no to it.
Synonyms – Cynic, complainer, gloomy
Antonyms- Happy, optimistic, positive
Example – Despite the site’s phenomenal profile, naysayers still argue that it is yet to prove it can make money.
6. Vet (Verb) ( भली प्रकार जाँच करना) : Make a careful and critical examination of (something).
Synonyms – Check, examine, scrutinize, investigate, inspect, look over, screen, assess, evaluate, appraise.
Antonyms – Compensate, baffle, ignore
Example – He was vetted by the Home Office when he helped set up the local youth offending team.
7. Manipulate (verb) (हेरफेर करना) : Control or influence (a person or situation) cleverly, unfairly, or unscrupulously.
Synonyms – Control, influence, use/turn to one’s advantage, exploit, maneuver.
Example – You can then create, edit and manipulate any audio files you like.
8. Demonstrate (verb) (साबित करना/ सिद्ध करना): Clearly show the existence or truth of (something) by giving proof or evidence.
Synonyms – Show, indicate, determine, establish, prove, confirm, verify, corroborate, substantiate.
Example – she began to demonstrate a new-found confidence.
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