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How to Salvage Kashmir
That Kashmir is an integral part of India needs no reiteration. But that very reiteration needs to prompt genuine concern cutting across partisan political divides, on the pace at which the Valley is spiralling out of control. What can be done about it? There are no easy solutions. But a multi-pronged initiative, mmeticulously plannedand uncompromisingly implemented, is the crying need of the hour.Firstly, the effectiveness of our armed forces in Kashmir must be urgently upgraded to minimise the frequent loss of lives of our brave soldiers and paramilitary forces. Most security experts agree that the strength of our army along the LoC is below functional requirements. We need to increase numbers by at least 30% to minimise jihadi infiltration from across the border, and provide a deterrent response to Pakistan’s repeated ceasefire violations.
Equally, the equipment with our armed forces needs substantive upgrade. Far more night vision devices, better anti-infiltration systems such as state of the art infrared and ground sensors, and much greater surveillance by UAVs, are needed. The terrain above 12,000 feet is mountainous and dotted with nullahs and rocky outcrops that make conventional fencing difficult. In fact, in winter, the fence on the LoC is dwarfed by 12-15 feet of snow. Funds to regularly resuscitate fencing and anti-infiltration equipment, and upgrade weak perimeter security around military installations as the latest attack on Kupwara shows for the nth time must be provided immediately. A review of our entire intelligence apparatus is also far overdue.
Secondly, it must be understood that merely escalating the level of violence within Kashmir cannot be either an enduring or sustainable solution. While security cannot be compromised, and planned violence against the state must be dealt with firmly, the government must also seriously get down to the task of finding, or creating, interlocutors with whom a dialogue process could begin. Those who are clearly Pakistani agents, or secessionists, should be ostracised and punished under the law. This would include part of the Hurriyat leadership. But all attempts should be made to engage with moderates among the Hurriyat, as has been attempted in the past.
Strategically agile states create interlocutors where none seem to exist, including through the right mix of incentives and protection. Sections from within Kashmir’s fractured civil society should be explored. Associations other than Hurriyat should be probed. For instance, there is a network of clerics, scholars and ulemas with whom talks should begin. Student leaders, who can be persuaded to talk, should be approached. The important thing is to convey that the government is willing to engage instead of merely upping the level of retributive violence.
Thirdly, Kashmir needs economic develop ment and investments for the creation of jobs. Given the troubled situation, this is easier said than done. But the thousands of young Kashmiris who recently lined up for a few hundred jobs on offer in the Territorial Army provides definitive proof that jobs could finesse alienation. Apart from government jobs, why can’t the government think of providing impossible to ignore economic incentives, accompanied by strong assurances of security protection, to private entrepreneurs from across India? Indians are born entrepreneurs, and if provided the right mix of incentives, will surely respond.
Fourthly, concrete steps must be taken to stop the rampant Islamic radicalisation unfolding across the Valley for the last several years. Mosques and madrasas, under extremist Wahhabi, Salafi or Ahl-al-Hadith influence, have proliferated in every village. Funds for this have come clandestinely from several Islamic countries. With digital tracking of financial transactions now commonplace, the time has come to cut off the umbilical cord of this funding. Fifthly, diplomacy must be strategically leveraged. Bilateral talks with Pakistan, even if restricted to that country’s nexus with terrorism, should begin, for it conveys to hardliners in the Valley that we can talk directly to their masters. A track two dialogue, conducted away from the arc lights, should also be attempted with the deep state within Pakistan, the ISI and army .
Simultaneously, international pressure on Pakistan, especially that of America, should be mobilised. In the last decade the US has provided around $25 billion to Pakistan in military and civilian aid. If President Donald Trump is serious about acting against Islamic terrorism, this is the time to persuade him to tighten the screws on Pakistan. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Washington should take place soonest possible.
Finally, BJP must clamp down on its communal rhetoric. Issues like beef ban, cow vigilantism and the creation of a Hindu rashtra unsettle minorities across the country. Attacks on Kashmiri students studying in universities outside the Valley is most reprehensible. The BJP leadership condemns these attacks, but it appears its cadres believe such advice is purely cosmetic. In fact, the government should create more seats in universities across India for Kashmiri students, as this will make them stakeholders in peace as also role models for other aspiring students. When a house is on fire, not doing anything is hardly the solution. Hostility between alliance partners PDP and BJP has brought governance in Srinagar to a standstill. Will at least the central government wake up now and implement a comprehensive plan to salvage the situation?
Magical Vocabulary from ” The Times of India”
- Reiteration(Noun):The action of repeating something (पुनरावृत्ति / दोहराना)
Synonyms: Recapitulation, Recapitulation, Redundancy, Repeat
Antonyms: Firmness, Only once
Example: The result of a new inquiry was the reiteration of views already expressed by the earlier inquiry.
- Meticulously(Adverb):In a way that shows great attention to detail (पूरी बारीकी से)
Synonyms: Exactly, Flawlessly, Precisely, Scrupulously, Veraciously
Antonyms: Carelessly, Casually, Inadvertently
Example: I meticulously edited the entire book with.
- Infiltration(Noun):The action of entering or gaining access to an organization or place surreptitiously (घुसपैठ)
Synonyms: Foray, Intrusion, Irruption, Penetration, Raid
Antonyms: Evacuation, Retreat, Withdrawal
Example: Infiltration is a serious issue in Jammu and Kashmir.
- Resuscitate(Verb):Revive (someone) from unconsciousness or apparent death (पुनर्जीवित करना)
Synonyms: Enliven, Invigorate, Rejuvenate, Restore, Revitalize
Antonyms: Bore, Destroy, Wimp
Example: Hopefully the water will resuscitate the drooping plant.
- Escalating(Verb):Increase rapidly (बढ़ते हुए)
Synonyms: Expand, Grow, Magnify, Mount, Raise
Antonyms: Curtail, Decline, Diminish, Halt, Shrink
Example: The escalating expenditure on election campaign is a serious concern.
- Interlocutors(Noun):A person who takes part in a dialogue or conversation (वार्ताकार)
Synonyms: Conversationalist, Dialogist, Speaker, Talker
Antonyms: Reserved, Reticent, Silent, Taciturn
Example: It brings in the choice of an interlocutor at each stage, and so depends on a concession for what it should prove.
- Ostracised(Verb):Exclude from a society or group (बहिष्कृत)
Synonyms: Boycott, Exclude, Expelled, Shun, Spurn
Antonyms: Accept, Befriend, Include, Welcome
Example: The ostracized person was compelled to leave the city for five years but he was not regarded as a traitor.
- Moderates(Noun): A person who holds not an extreme views (उदारवादी)
Synonyms: Balanced, Gentle, Mild, Neutral, Soft
Antonyms: Agitated, Excited, Harsh, Imbalanced, Extremist
Example: The Congress divided into moderates and extremists in the Surat session.
- Retributive(Adjective): Characterized by or involving retribution (प्रतिकारात्मक/ प्रतिवादी)
Synonyms: Chastening, Corrective, Punitive, Reformatory
Antonyms: Forgiveness, Pardon, Sympathy
Example: Attack on Syria by US army can be considered as a retributive measure.
- Rampant(Adjective): Something unwelcome, flourishing or spreading unchecked. (उग्र/बड़े पैमाने पर)
Synonyms: Excessive, Exuberant, Flagrant, Raging, Unrestrained
Antonyms: Checked, Controlled, Mild, Restrained
Example: Pluralism, nepotism and all the other ancient abuses were more rampant than ever.
- Persuade (verb): cause (someone) to do something through reasoning or argument. (राज़ी करना)
Synonyms: prevail on, coax, convince, get, induce, win over, bring around, coerce
Example: Her dad’s efforts to persuade her to buy a computer have fallen on deaf ears
- Rhetoric (Noun): the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, especially the use of figures of speech and other compositional techniques (बयानबाजी)
Synonyms: bombast, turgidity, grandiloquence, magniloquence, pomposity
Example: We must implement a health strategy that puts patients first, not empty rhetoric .
- Reprehensible (Adjective): deserving censure or condemnation. (निंदनीय)
Synonyms: deplorable, disgraceful, discreditable, despicable, blameworthy, culpable.
Example: I told the publisher that I thought that was totally reprehensible .
- Salvage (Verb): rescue (a wrecked or disabled ship or its cargo) from loss at sea. (क्षति से बचाना)
Synonyms: retain, preserve, conserve, regain, recoup, redeem, snatch
Example: A salvage operation was underway to find the helicopters’ black box flight recorders and weapons.
- Standstill (Noun): a situation or condition in which there is no movement or activity at all. (ठहराव)
Synonyms: halt, stop, dead stop, stand, gridlock
Example: This had led to mass panic and commercial activities had come to almost a standstill
Courtesy And Copyright :- The Times of India
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