Daily Editorial Updates with Vocabulary : A Charter For Liberal Indians

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Welcome to letsstudytogether.co, as we all know that now a day’s in All Banking Exams and other competitive exams most of the English Sections were taken from Editorial pages. So it is essential to have a sound knowledge and understanding of English vocabulary. So here we are presenting you Daily Editorial Updates with Vocabulary from various newspapers like The HIndu,The Statesman, read  thisTimes Of India etc. This will help you to sail and score good marks in English Language section.

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Aspirants those who want to improve in English can read  this  Daily Editorial Updates with Vocabulary. We will be updating daily by title The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary and make use of it.


Daily Editorial Updates with Vocabulary

A Charter For Liberal Indians

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Dear Indian liberals, the photograph of a blood-soaked father of three urgently negotiating for his life minutes before he was beaten to death in a Jharkhand town, has horrified you. It reveals the impunity a mob enjoys when violence goes unpunished. Is the rule of law becoming only weak liberal wishful thinking in times of cow hooligans and enraged mobs enforcing street retribution ?

The entire liberal project, you’re being told, is apparently dead. This is supposed to be the era of macho patriotism in which those arguing for a dialogue with Kashmiri stakeholders or talks with Pakistan or those who question religious nationalism, are shouted down as `anti-nationals’ and `jihadists’. Driven into silence by an anti-minority nationalistic fervor, the idealistic middle class, once the great bedrock of India’s freedom movement, is missing in action. The potential loss of idealism among the middle class can become a tragedy of monumental proportions. But it’s not too late to recover it if liberals speak up strongly.

Indian liberals, you’re told that you belong to a small `westernized elitist  club’ and have `colonised mindsets’. This is not true. Numerous liberal protestors who down the decades have fought for progressive values have hardly been disconnected and exclusive. Those who stood by Tamil author Perumal Murugan after he was slapped with criminal complaints, rationalists like Kalburgi, Pansare and Dabholkar, those who fought for women’s empowerment like Ela Bhatt, for farmer’s rights like Sharad Joshi, to deepen democracy at the grassroots like Sandeep Pandey and Aruna Roy, none of them were or are `westernised elitists’. The rooted salt-of-the-earth liberal is found in every Indian small town and city.

Indian liberals, your quest is individual freedom. Your ancestors are Gandhi, Tagore, Ambedkar, Nehru (who was a social liberal if not an economic one) even a C Rajagopalachari, all of whom believed in the individual over dominant state power. You would like to see citizens’ freedom enhanced responsibly and lawfully. You have always chafed at controls, both economic and social. You don’t like theocracies or morality cops.

The nationalist Right-wing (like the ideological Left) believes in a gargantuan state machinery, in unbounded state power and in the state’s superior rights over the individual, as reflected in the attorney general’s recent comment that “You may want to be forgotten but the State doesn’t want to forget you.” The AG of a Hindu nationalist government sounded a bit like a Soviet commissar! Indian liberals instead have always stood against rampaging state power and for individual rights. Those who protested against the Emergency, against the Anti-Defamation Bill, against bans on books and movies and those who campaigned for citizens’ rights, they have all held firm against brute  state authority.

Liberals are called `anti-national’. But the greatest patriot of all, Mahatma Gandhi was India’s original liberal. Gandhi was always deeply apprehensive of state power and did not believe in enforcing his personal ideology through government agencies. A devout Hindu, he never wanted a law banning cow slaughter. For Gandhi individual rights of others were greater than his own beliefs. In fact, he had unlimited faith in the power and goodness of individuals, which is why he saw the freedom struggle as a lift off into personal as well as political regeneration.

To Gandhi, the means were always much more important than the ends. He called off the 1921-22 non-cooperation campaign because it descended into violence and failed to be the just means to a cause. For the liberal, means are always just as important as ends: because once the ends are achieved, the means shape the nature of the victory.

Indian liberals, don’t let anyone tell you that you don’t represent a mighty tradition. You represent the tradition of liberalism in the Upanishads, in the Bhakti movement and the one embodied by Gandhi and the Constitution. It’s a heavy duty legacy that is neither confined to a small minority, nor elitist, nor westernised nor simply restricted to any political party. But with such a strong tradition why then are liberals losing out to the votaries  of majoritarianism?
That’s because the liberal language has become mired  in, as newly elected French President Emmanuel Macron pointed out, negativity and fear. It’s become too focused on denigrating  and demonizing  opponents. Instead, the Indian liberal language should draw upon Gandhi and propose something positive, open and persuasive, a language that stimulates goodness and a sense of justice in every citizen and encourages every citizen to be her best not her worst self. It should encourage private enterprise, not crush or overprotect it and seek ways out of poverty for globalisation’s victims. Above all, it should recognise the freedom of every citizen to pursue his or her goals without harming others.

Liberal Indians, why should you be fearful? Above your heads floats the spirit of the founders of constitutional India, a spirit that has always opposed those who insist on dress codes, behaviour codes, romance codes, bans on free speech and restrictions on religious, intellectual, dietary and sexual freedom. Confronted with a control-freak state, once again it’s up to you to speak up against those who seek control of what you eat, study, watch, wear, speak or worship, in the name of their version of `nationalism’.

This is not the time to shy away or secede  from the debate. This is the time to speak boldly and constantly on every current issue, and emphasize your version of patriotism, grounded in law and respect for all faiths. It’s time to proudly say yes I am a patriotic Indian and I am a liberal.

 

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Magical Vocabulary from The Times of India

  1. Hooligan (noun) उपद्रवी: A violent young troublemaker, typically one of a gang.

Synonyms: Hoodlum, Lout, Vandal, Ruffian, Rowdy, Troublemaker, Mobster.

Example: A crowd of hooligan boys created a violent atmosphere in the town.

  1. Fervor (noun) जोश/तीव्रता : Intense and passionate feeling.

Synonyms: Ardor, Enthusiasm, Zeal, Euphoria, Rapture, Passion

Example: Every year Independence Day is celebrated with fervor.

  1. Elitist (adjective) उच्चवर्गवादी: Demonstrating a superior attitude or behaviour associated with an elite.

Synonyms: Highbrow, Superior, Pompous,

Example: Because Anna is quite wealthy, she sends her children to the area’s most elite school.

  1. Chafe (verb) चिढ़ होना/खीजना: Become or make annoyed or impatient because of a restriction or inconvenience.

Synonyms: Be Angry, Be Annoyed, Be Irritated, Be Incensed, Be Exasperated, Be Frustrated.

Example: Because Mary suffers from an anxiety disorder, she is prone to chafe about petty matters.

  1. Brute (noun) निर्दयी/कठोर: Unrelievedly harsh

Synonyms: Wanton, Barbaric, Brutal, Heartless, Inhumane, Sadistic.

Example: Since her ex-husband was being a brute, the woman struggled with sharing custody of the children with him.

  1. Call off (phrasal verb) रद्द करना/स्थगित करना : To cancel or abandon.

Synonyms: Cancel, Abandon, Scrap, Mothball.

Example: The game was called off because of rain.

  1. Mire (verb) फँसा रहना : Involve someone or something in (a difficult situation).

Synonyms: Entangle, Tangle Up, Embroil, Enmesh.

Example: Because the girl chose to become friends with a drug dealer, she now finds herself in a mire of suspicion.

  1. Demonize (verb) बुरा या दुष्ट चित्रित करना: (Make wicked and threatening.)

Synonyms: Diabolize, Portray Wicked, Portray Evil, Make Devilish.

Example: If people demonize someone, they convince themselves that that person is evil.

  1. Secede (verb) से अलग होना: Withdraw formally from membership (from an organization)

Synonyms: Withdraw, Leave, Quit, Disaffiliate, Drop Out Of.

Example: The small island nation opted to secede from its mothering country and bear its own flag.

  1. Retreat (verb) पीछे हटना/वापस जाना : An act of moving back or withdrawing.

Synonyms: Move Back, Withdraw, Pulling Back.

Example: The major ordered his men to retreat when it became obvious that they were heavily outnumbered.

 


Courtesy And Official editorial link :- The Times of India

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