Centre Government Sanctioned Funds For Implementation of Jal Jeevan Mission in Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Tripura
- The Centre has asked Karnataka to speed up implementation of Jal Jeevan Mission, to provide 55 litres of potable water per person per day to every rural household by 2024.
- In a letter to Karnataka Chief Minister BS Yediyurappa, Shekhawat Union Minister of Jal Shakti said “Since Karnataka is planning 100 per cent household coverage by 2022-23, we complement it and request CM for expeditious implementation of JJM in the State to provide tap connection to each rural household.”
- In his letter, Shekhawat said, out of 89.61 lakh rural households in the State, 24.41 lakh have already been provided with tap connections. In 2019-20, only 22,133 tap connections were provided. In 2020-21, the State is planning to enable 23.57 lakh households with tap water connections.
- The Central government has approved ₹1,189.40 crore for JJM in Karnataka in 2020-21, from ₹546.06 crore in 2019-20. With an opening balance of ₹80.44 crore available with the State and along with this year’s allocation of ₹1,189.40 crore, and considering the State matching share, a total of ₹2,734.03 crore will be available for implementation of Jal Jeevan Mission in Karnataka.
- The Centre has approved funding of 1,829 crore rupees for the effective implementation of Jal Jeevan Mission in Maharashtra for 2020-21. Jal Jeevan Mission is a flagship programme launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi last year.
- It aims to provide tap water supply to all rural households by 2024. While presenting its Annual Plan to the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Maharashtra plans to provide tap connections to 31.30 lakh households in 2020-21.
- The state has also planned for retrofitting and augmentation of existing 8,268 piped water supply schemes, thereby making provision of 22.35 lakh household tap connections during this year. Out of 1.42 Crore rural households in Maharashtra, 53.11 lakh households have already got tap connections.
- A press release issued by the water department informs that the state has an unspent balance of 285 crore rupees. It adds that along with Central allocation and a matching state share, the total fund available will be 3,908 crore rupees.
- Further, the 15th Commission has allocated grants worth 5,827 crore rupees that has to be compulsorily spent on supply of drinking water, rainwater harvesting and water recycling besides sanitation and maintenance of ODF status.
- Union Minister of Jal Shakti, Gajendra Shekhawat in his letter to Chief Minister of Tripura Biplab Kumar Deb expressed his happiness that the State has planned to provide 100% Functional Household Tap Connection by 2023 under Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM).
- In an official communique the ministry stated that out of 8.01 lakh households in the State, only 7.63% households have been provided with tap connections. State has to work in a planned way to achieve 100% target within the deadline. Central Minister in his letter sounded hopeful that Tripura will be able to accomplish this task of providing 100% FHTCs by 2023.
- Under the Mission, funds are provided by Government of India based on the output in terms of FHTCs provided and the utilization of available central and matching state share. The Minister flagged few issues which need urgent attention of the State. In 2019-20, against the target of 1.66 lakh households, the State provided only 45,769 household tap connections. In 2019-20, the State was allocated with Rs 107.64 Crore and the entire amount was released along with additional incentive fund of Rs 37.73 Crore. However, the State could utilize only Rs 59.45 Crore of central fund.
- Shekhawat reiterated that providing potable water to every household is a national priority. In this context, for the year 2020-21, the fund allocation to Tripura has been increased from Rs 107.64 Crore to Rs 156.61 Crore. With opening balance of Rs 136.45 Crore available with the State and along with this year’s allocation of Rs 156.61 Crore, and considering the State matching share, a total of Rs 320.16 Crore will be available for implementation of Jal Jeevan Mission in Tripura.
- In 2020-21, Tripura has been allocated Rs 191 Crore as 15th Finance Commission Grants to PRIs and 50% of this amount is mandatorily to be utilized for water supply & sanitation. Funds provided under Swachh Bharat Mission (G) is to be utilized for grey water treatment and reuse works.
About Jal Jeevan Mission–
The Central Government assistance to States for rural water supply began in 1972 with the launch of Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme. It was renamed as National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) in 2009, which is a centrally sponsored scheme with fund sharing between the Centre and the States. Under NRDWP, one of the objectives was to “enable all households to have access to and use safe & adequate drinking water within premises to the extent possible”. It was proposed to achieve the goal by 2030, coinciding with the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals. But now, it is has been planned to achieve the goal by 2024 through Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM). As per the information available with DDWS, as on 31.3.2019, only 18.33% of rural households i.e.,3.27 Crore out of the total 17.87 Crore rural households in the country, have piped water connection.
Government of India has restructured and subsumed the ongoing National Rural Drinking Water Programme(NRDWP) into Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) to provide Functional Household Tap Connection (FHTC) to every rural household i.e., Har Ghar Nal Se Jal (HGNSJ) by 2024.
The goal of JJM is to provide functional household tap connection to every household with service level at the rate of 55 litres per capita per day (lpcd).
जीके और दैनिक करेंट अफेयर्स अपडेट हिंदी में प्राप्त करें – क्लिक करें